Thursday, January 15
Today is Thursday, Jan. 15, the 15th day of 2015. There are 350 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1535 - King Henry VIII assumes title of “Supreme Head of the Church” in England.
1559 - England’s Queen Elizabeth I is crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1582 - Peace of Jam-Zapolski between Russia and Poland is signed, with Pope Gregory XIII mediating, by which Russia loses access to the Baltic.
1649 - French court leaves Paris at outbreak of Fronde Rebellion.
1777 - The people of New Connecticut declare their independence. The tiny republic later becomes the state of Vermont.
1877 - Austria agrees to remain neutral in event of Russo-Turkish War.
1892 - The rules of basketball are published for the first time, in Springfield, Massachusetts, where the game originates.
1919 - Pianist and conductor Ignace Jan Paderewski becomes the first premier of newly created Republic of Poland.
1922 - Irish Free State is established under Michael Collins.
1929 - The Kellog-Briand Pact for the peaceful settlement of international disputes is ratified by the U.S. Senate
1963 - The Congo’s President Moise Tshombe accepts United Nations plan for secession of Katanga.
1966 - Death count surpasses 400 as flood refugees begin returning to hillside homes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
1967 - The first Super Bowl is played in the United States as the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League defeat the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League, 35-10.
1970 - Biafran rebels in Nigeria surrender after a two-and-a-half year war.
1972 - The crown princess is acclaimed Queen Margrethe II of Denmark by thousands of Danes on the parliament square.
1973 -U.S President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace negotiations.
1976 - Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison for her attempt on the life of U.S. President Gerald Ford in San Francisco.
1986 - Military coup deposes the government in Lesotho.
1989 - Riot police in Prague, Czechoslovakia, use water cannon and dogs to disperse at least 2,000 people who defy ban on independent rallies.
1990 - Bulgarian Parliament abolishes Communist Party’s monopoly on power.
1992 - The Yugoslav federation effectively collapses as the European Community recognizes the republics of Croatia and Slovenia
1993 - The United States orders a naval barricade around Haiti to block a feared exodus of refugees, saying it is necessary to prevent a “massive loss of life at sea.”
1994 - Forces loyal to the Muslim-led government of Bosnia fight a seesaw battle with Serbs seeking to isolate Tuzla, a key Muslim enclave.
1995 - Israeli military aircraft target Palestinian guerrillas in 13 sorties south of Beirut, killing three people, wounding four.
1996 - Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou resigns after nearly two months in the hospital for treatment of pneumonia.
1998 - President Suharto of Indonesia reaches an agreement with the International Monetary Fund on an austerity program to stop the country’s economic meltdown.
1999 - Some 45 ethnic Albanians, including children and old men, are killed and mutilated near the Kosovo village of Racak, Yugoslavia, apparently by Serb forces.
2000 - Zeljko Raznatovic, the notorious Serb paramilitary leader better known as Arkan, is shot and killed in a Belgrade hotel.
2002 - Both Pakistan and India refuse to pull their troops back from their tense border, where up to one million troops are massed in their biggest mobilization in 30 years.
2004 - Pentagon auditors request an investigation of possible criminal wrongdoing after U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney’s former company Halliburton picks a high-priced Kuwaiti supplier for gasoline in Iraq in just one day after considering bids from only three companies.
2006 - Socialist pediatrician Michelle Bachelet, a former political prisoner, wins Chile’s presidential election to become the Andean nation’s first woman leader and extend the rule of the country’s center-left coalition.
2007 - Nepal’s Parliament is dissolved and replaced by an interim legislature including former communist rebels, a major step to co-opt the ex-guerrillas into mainstream politics after they agreed to end their decade-long insurgency.
2008 - British Airways shows off its new terminal at Heathrow Airport, a five-story building with marble floors, 112 shops and restaurants and windows with a distant view of Windsor Castle.
2009 - US Airways Capt. Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger ditches his airliner in the Hudson River near New York after a flock of birds disables both the plane’s engines. All 155 people aboard survive.
2010 - A top French lawmaker submits a draft law that would ban Islamic dress— veils, robes, headscarves — anywhere in public, a measure that would set a European precedent and trap thousands of women between their religious convictions and the law of the land.
2011 - France’s right-wing firebrand Jean-Marie Le Pen bids adieu to the National Front party he founded nearly 40 years ago with an impassioned defense of his polemic anti-immigration, anti-Islam platform.
2012 - A Russian space probe designed to boost the nation’s pride on a bold mission to the moon comes down in flames, showering fragments in the south Pacific.
2013 - Twin blasts rip through a university campus in Aleppo, Syria’s largest city, killing more than 80 people.
2014 — A graphic video showing the death of a 16-year-0o0ld Chinese girl is released after firefighters ran over her in the wake of the Asiana Airlines plane crash in San Francisco.
Jean Baptiste Moliere, French dramatist (1622-1673); Franz Grillparzer, Austrian author (1791-1872); Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French political philosopher (1809-1865); Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (1902-1963); Martin Luther King, American civil rights leader (1929-1968); Mario Van Peebles, U.S. actor/director (1957--); Chad Lowe, U.S. actor (1968--).
Thought For Today:
I refuse to accept the idea that the ‘is-ness’ of man’s present nature makes him morally incapable of reaching up for the ‘ought-ness’ that forever confronts him — Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968).