Monday, August 11
Today is Monday, August 11, the 223rd day of 2014. There are 142 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1611 - Because of his mental instability, the Hapsburg archdukes force Emperor Rudolf to resign his Bohemian crown to his brother, Matthias.
1712 - Treaty of Araru ends Swiss War, guaranteeing domination of Protestants over five Catholic cantons.
1786 - Penang is ceded to Britain by Rajah of Kedah in Malaya.
1863 - French establish protectorate over Cambodia.
1929 - Arabs launch attacks on Jews in Palestine over disputes on Jewish use of Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, considered holy by both Jews and Arabs.
1935 - Nazi storm troopers stage mass demonstrations against Jews in Germany.
1937 - Iraqi dictator Bakr Sidqi is assassinated, a year after he staged the first-ever military coup in modern Arab history.
1945 - Allies inform Japan that its surrender offer is acceptable as World War II in Pacific nears end.
1950 - King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates because of criticism of his actions during World War II. His son Baudouin becomes king the next year.
1952 - Prince Hussein is proclaimed King Hussein of Jordan on termination of King Talal’s reign.
1954 - Formal peace announcement in Indochina ends more than seven years of fighting with the French and Communist Vietminh. Vietnam is partitioned into North and South.
1965 - Race riot begins in the Watts section of Los Angeles, United States, lasting six days. Thirty-four people are killed and more than 1,000 injured.
1973 - United States officially ends combat involvement in Indochina, the same day the Viet Cong charge that 71 prisoners of war turned over to them by South Vietnam are not Communist supporters but want to return to Saigon.
1977 - U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance returns from the Middle East, failing to get Arab and Israeli leaders to agree on the reconvening of the Geneva peace conference.
1983 - The U.S. Agency for International Development agrees to send US$75 million in aid to Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia to help reconstruction efforts following the worst droughts and floods in four decades.
1988 - Anti-government violence spreads to working-class suburbs in Yangon, Myanmar.
1990 - Egyptian and Moroccan troops begin arriving in Saudi Arabia to join American forces in trying to deter further Iraqi aggression.
1991 - Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon free American hostage Edward Tracy and French hostage Jerome Leyraud.
1992 - Heavy fire blasts Sarajevo, and U.N. officials say about 28,000 people, mostly Muslims, are being forced from their homes in northern Bosnia in one of the biggest single acts of “ethnic cleansing.”
1993 - U.N. forces kill seven Somali gunmen who shot at a surveillance helicopter, as militias of warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid intensify an offensive against peacekeepers.
1995 - The Serbian government disperses bitter Serb refugees driven from Croatia by an army offensive that put an end to the Serb rebellion.
1996 - Bosnian Serb troops refuse to let foreign inspectors see a military compound, prompting the NATO-led peace force to recall its representatives from the Bosnian Serb stronghold, Pale.
1997 - An international meeting called to rescue Thailand’s shaky economy offers the country US$16 billion in loans.
1998 - Congolese rebels fighting President Laurent Kabila say they are closing in on the capital, while the government rounds up Tutsis, suspected of supporting the rebellion.
2002 - Clashes among local militias, a rebel group and the Ugandan army kills at least 90 people. The victims, many of whom had been hacked to death, included women and children.
2003 - Liberian President Charles Taylor resigns and leaves the country for exile in Nigeria. Taylor’s departure was seen as a major step in bringing peace to the nation, which had been plagued by civil war for 14 years.
2004 - Ahmad Chalabi, a former Iraqi Governing Council member who fell out of favor with the United States, returns to Iraq to face counterfeiting charges.
2005 - Britain detains and plans to deport 10 foreigners suspected of posing a threat to national security, including Abu Qatada, a Palestinian cleric described as Osama bin Laden’s “spiritual ambassador in Europe,” a British official says.
2006 - The U.N. Security Council adopts a resolution that calls for an end to the war between Israel and Hezbollah, and authorizes 15,000 U.N. peacekeepers to help Lebanese troops take control of south Lebanon as Israel withdraws.
2007 - Sierra Leone holds its first presidential elections since U.N. peacekeepers withdrew two years ago.
2008 - Mauritania’s ousted prime minister Yahya Ould Ahmed Waqef defiantly refuses to recognize the African country’s ruling military junta, after he is freed from house arrest under international pressure.
2009 - Myanmar’s generals again succeed in isolating democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, but her fleeting emergence during a grueling trial on charges of violating her house arrest show that her steely resolve and charisma remain intact.
2010 - Researchers say two ancient animal bones from Ethiopia show signs of butchering by human ancestors, moving back the earliest evidence for the use of stone tools by about 800,000 years.
2011 - France, Italy, Spain and Belgium ban short-selling on select stocks amid efforts to calm market turmoil that has sent bank shares gyrating wildly and aggravated worries about Europe’s huge debts.
2012 - An Afghan police officer kills at least 10 of his fellow officers, a day after six U.S. service members were gunned down by their Afghan partners in summer violence that has both international and Afghan forces questioning who is friend or foe.
2013 — Israel approves building nearly 1,200 more settlement homes and agrees to release 26 long-held Palestinian security prisoners — highlighting an apparent settlement-for-prisoners trade-off that got both sides back to peace talks after a five-year freeze.
James Bryan Herrick, U.S. cardiologist (1861-1954); Bertram Mills, English circus entrepreneur (1873-1938); Enid Blyton, British author (1897-1968); Alex Haley, U.S. author (1921-1992); Ian Charleston, British actor (1949-1990); Angus Wilson, British author (1913--1991); Hulk Hogan, U.S. wrestler/actor (1953--); Ali Shaheed Muhammad, hip-hop artist (1970--).
Thought For Today:
It is easier to make a saint out of a libertine than out of a prig — George Santayana, Spanish-born philosopher (1863-1952).