Tuesday, September 9
Today is Tuesday, September 9, the 252nd day of 2014. There are 113 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1509 - Turks take Nicosia on Cyprus.
1513 - Scotland’s King James IV is killed in Battle of Flooden with British.
1585 - Pope Sixtus V excommunicates Henry of Navarre of France.
1776 - Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia changes the name “United Colonies” to “United States.”
1835 - “September Laws” in France severely censor press and suppress radical movement.
1888 - Chile annexes Easter Island in South Pacific.
1893 - Frances Cleveland, wife of U.S. President Grover Cleveland, gives birth to daughter, Esther, in the White House. It is the first time a president’s child is born in the executive mansion.
1894 - Sun Yat-sen heads his first attempt at revolution in China. The revolt does not succeed until 1911.
1921 - Constitution of Central American Union is signed by republics of Guatemala, Honduras and San Salvador.
1943 - A day after the Italians surrender, Allied troops land at Salerno, south of Naples, but face stiff resistance from a German Panzer division, which consists of armored vehicles.
1944 - While the Soviet army advances in Bulgaria, the government is overthrown in a Communist-led coup.
1948 - Korean People’s Democratic Republic is formed in North Korea, claiming authority over entire country.
1951 - Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru becomes president of the governing Congress Party, succeeding Purchottamdas Tandon who resigned in a policy dispute.
1957 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs into law the first civil rights bill to pass the U.S. Congress since the Civil War.
1971 - Prisoners seize control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, beginning a siege that claims 43 lives.
1974 - U.S. President Gerald Ford is heavily criticized in Congress over his pardoning of former President Richard Nixon.
1986 - Gunmen kidnap American director of Lebanese school as he drives from his home in Muslim west Beirut.
1987 - Iraq launches series of coordinated air raids on Iranian power plants, factories and oil centers.
1988 - Burma’s former Prime Minister U Nu, toppled in a 1962 military coup, announces formation of a rival government. Burma is now known as Myanmar.
1991 - Saudi Arabia releases 400 Iraqi citizens held in the kingdom in exchange for a Saudi prisoner of war and a Saudi woman held in Iraq.
1992 - In a bid to defuse tensions with U.N. forces, the Khmer Rouge, Cambodia’s radical communist movement that ruled the country from 1975 to 1979, invites the peacekeeping chief to its secluded base.
1994 - The United States agrees to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in return for Cuba’s promise to halt people from boarding rafts and trying to sail to America.
1995 - NATO warplanes return to the skies over Bosnia to attack repaired Serb air defenses, and acknowledge that the attacks probably killed some civilians.
1996 - Typhoon Sally hits coastal areas of Guangdong, China’s most developed province, killing more than 130 people and injuring thousands.
1997 - Sinn Fein, the political ally of the outlawed Irish Republican Army, formally renounces violence and enters talks on the future of Northern Ireland.
1998 - Independent prosecutor Kenneth Starr submits a report to the U.S. Congress on possible impeachable offenses by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
1999 - Israel begins releasing Palestinian prisoners as part of new peace deal.
2000 - Gunmen wound three people in a beauty salon in Kashmir, 24 hours after warning women to wear veils in public or be shot. The group said to be behind the warning denies it had issued any such threat.
2001 - Afghanistan’s military opposition leader Ahmed Shah Massood is fatally wounded and later dies after a suicide attack by assassins posing as journalists.
2002 - The U.S. releases $42 million in military aid to Colombia after certifying that its armed forces’ human rights record met U.S. congressional requirements. The U.S. had released the first $62 million installment of a $104 million military aid package in April.
2003 - The Roman Catholic archdiocese of Boston, Massachusetts, and lawyers representing 552 alleged victims of sexual abuse by priests announce a legal settlement worth up to $85 million.
2004 - Suspected Muslim militants detonate a car bomb outside the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing eight people and wounding more than 160 others.
2005 - President Hosni Mubarak is officially declared the victor of Egypt’s first contested presidential elections — but the vote is marred by a lower than expected turnout of 23 percent.
2006 - Tens of thousands of red-clad protesters throng Taiwan’s capital, demanding that President Chen Shui-bian resign over a series of alleged corruption scandals involving his family and inner circle.
2007 - Liberia ships its first consignment of diamonds since the lifting of U.N. sanctions imposed in 2001 that blocked the export of so-called “blood diamonds” used to fuel years of war.
2008 - Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, takes office as Pakistan’s president.
2009 - The first photographs of the self-proclaimed Sept. 11 mastermind at Guantanamo Bay have cropped up on the Internet, and experts say the images of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed are being used by terrorist groups to inspire attacks against the United States.
2010 - Iran says it will free Sarah Shourd, one of three American hikers jailed for more than 13 months, as an act of clemency to mark the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.
2011 - The Obama administration bluntly tells U.S. allies Israel and Turkey to calm down as tensions between the two rise over aid flotillas to Gaza.
2012 — Iraq’s fugitive Sunni vice president is sentenced to death by hanging on charges he masterminded death squads against rivals in a terror trial that has fueled sectarian tensions in the country. Underscoring the instability insurgents unleash an onslaught of bombings and shootings across Iraq, killing at least 92 people in one of the deadliest days of the year.
2013 - President Barack Obama calls a Russian-backed plan for Syria to turn over all of its chemical weapons for destruction a “potentially positive development” that could head off threatened U.S. airstrikes.
Cardinal Richelieu, French churchman-statesman (1585-1642); Cornelius van Tromp, Dutch admiral (1629-1691); Luigi Galvani, Italian physiologist (1737-1798); Max Reinhardt, Austrian stage/screen director (1873-1943); Otis Redding, U.S. soul singer/songwriter (1941-1967); Hugh Grant, British actor (1960--); Adam Sandler, U.S. actor (1966--); Michelle Williams, U.S. actress (1980--).
Thought for Today:
Think wrongly if you please, but in all cases, think for yourself — Gotthold Lessing, German dramatist-critic (1729-1781).