Facts About Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah at a glance:
ORGANIZATION: Means ``Islamic Community.″ A loose network of Islamic militants extending across Southeast Asia. Leaders are mostly Indonesian nationals trained in Afghanistan and the Indonesian island of Maluku. Known to have various territorial divisions called ``mantiqis″ that cover Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines and Australia. Intelligence officials say some operations have been financed by Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaida.
ACTIVITIES: Blamed for terror attacks in Southeast Asia starting in 1999, including the Aug. 5 bombing of the J.W. Marriott hotel in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, which killed 12 people. Also blamed for Oct. 12, 2002, bombings on Bali island that killed 202, mostly foreign tourists. Accused of plotting to bomb Western embassies and U.S. Naval facility in Singapore. Among those detained are nearly three dozen suspects in Bali bombings.
AIMS: Wants to establish Islamic state across Southeast Asia. Members also have claimed to be motivated by desire to avenge what it calls oppression of Muslims by United States and its allies.
LEADERS: Its alleged spiritual leader, Abu Bakar Bashir, was sentenced in September to four years in jail following his conviction on sedition charges. However, a court found the 64-year-old cleric not guilty of leading Jemaah Islamiyah. Following the recent arrests of Hambali and other senior operatives, Indonesian officials say the group’s leaders now include: Zulkarnaen, an Indonesian believed to have replaced Hambali as Jemaah Islamiyah’s operations chief; Azahari bin Husin, a Malaysian academic and reputed top bomb maker; and Dulmatin, an Indonesian who allegedly played a key role in the Bali blasts.