MOSCOW (AP) _ Former President Jimmy Carter and his wife Rosalynn met today with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev in the Kremlin.

There was no immediate report on the meeting by Soviet media, but American and Soviet photographers were allowed to made pictures of the first few minutes of the session.

Communist Party International Affairs Secretary Anatoly F. Dobrynin, former ambassador to the United States, also participated in the talks. He was greetly warmly by Carter.

The former president and Gorbachev joked about their rural roots and superpower leaders' tendencies to criticize each other.

''Two farmers can't be antagonistic toward each other,'' Carter told Gorbachev.

Gorbachev was raised in the Stavropol region of southern Russia, a farming area and Carter was a peanut farmer in Plains, Ga., before going into politics.

The former president and his wife were seated at a long conference table, and Carter began discussing Chinese leaders' attitudes toward Soviet reform campaigns when journalists were ushered out of the room.

A Foreign Ministry spokesman said Carter arrived Tuesday for an official visit at the invitation of the Soviet government. The Carters visited Beijing prior to coming to Moscow.

The U.S. Embassy said Carter would be in Moscow through Friday, and planned to meet with American reporters Thursday.