BASKING RIDGE, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 22, 2018--, a leading provider of educational products and services solutions for higher education and K-12, today reported sales and earnings for the first quarter for fiscal year 2019, which ended on July 28, 2018. Barnes & Noble Education is a highly seasonal business, and the first quarter has historically been a period of low sales activity for the Company.
The Company has three reportable segments: Barnes & Noble College Booksellers, LLC (“BNC”), MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC (“MBS”), and Digital Student Solutions (“DSS”). All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Financial highlights for the first quarter 2019:Consolidated first quarter sales of $337.5 million decreased 5.1%, as compared to the prior year period. Consolidated first quarter GAAP net loss of $(38.6) million, as compared to net loss of $(34.8) million in the prior year period. Consolidated first quarter non-GAAP Adjusted Earnings of $(38.6) million, as compared to $(29.8) million in the prior year period. Consolidated first quarter non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA of $(32.5) million, flat as compared to the prior year period.
Operational highlights for the first quarter 2019:Completed development of , an online student success hub comprised of two products that support better learning: Bartleby Textbook Solutions and Bartleby Writing. Bartleby Textbook Solutions is the first internally developed digital solution in the Company’s DSS segment, and another important step in its ongoing digital transformation. Launched next generation First Day ™ inclusive access solution, completing implementations on approximately 100 campuses for the upcoming Fall semester in the Company’s BNC segment. Began the implementation of McGraw-Hill Education and Pearson’s rental programs, as contemplated by previously announced agreements in the Company’s MBS segment. Began to realize meaningful synergies between Student Brands subscription-based web properties and college bookstore footprint in the Company’s DSS segment. , a Student Brands website that helps students improve their writing performance, was offered through more than 150 BNC e-commerce sites during the quarter, allowing students to add a StudyMode subscription to their cart at point of purchase on their bookstore website. The StudyMode subscription offering will be expanded to the majority of the Company’s BNC and MBS e-commerce sites for the Fall semester.
Michael P. Huseby, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Barnes & Noble Education said:
“We are pleased with the strides that have been made across all areas of Barnes & Noble Education this quarter, especially within our DSS segment. In addition to leveraging our large store footprint to directly offer student access to StudyMode, we also took an important first step in the internal development of digital solutions for our DSS segment with the launch of Bartleby, our student success hub. Our teams have worked relentlessly throughout this quarter to develop Bartleby Textbook Solutions, the centerpiece of Bartleby, and we are pleased to deliver a new pathway for learning that is available to students anytime, anywhere.
We are making the appropriate investments and taking the necessary actions for BNED to effectively compete and deliver on our company purpose— serving all who work to elevate their lives through education. Our strategy to transform BNC and MBS to better serve the changing needs of our partners while innovating scalable, high margin DSS offerings is well underway. Our MBS and Student Brands acquisitions continue to provide us with substantial operating cash flow to help fund this transformation. We remain focused on the strong execution of our strategy and leveraging our new digital platform and product offerings to deliver substantial value for our customers, employees and shareholders.”
(1) These non-GAAP financial measures have been reconciled in the attached schedules to the most directly comparable GAAP measure as required under SEC rules regarding the use of non-GAAP financial measures.
The first quarter 2019 financial results include Student Brands, LLC for the entire period and the first quarter 2018 financial results exclude Student Brands as it was acquired on August 3, 2017 (the second quarter of fiscal year 2018).
Consolidated first quarter sales of $337.5 million decreased $18.2 million, or 5.1%, as compared to the prior year period. These sales decreases were primarily attributable to declines at MBS and BNC, partially offset by the addition of the Student Brands business in the second quarter of fiscal year 2018.
The Company’s non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA was flat at $(32.5) million for the quarter, as compared to the prior year period. The contributions from DSS, lower Corporate Services expenses and improved results at BNC are offset by the decreases at MBS and a higher intercompany profit elimination between BNC and MBS. This elimination is expected to be recognized in the second quarter of fiscal year 2019 as BNC sells through the inventory which was purchased from MBS.
BNC sales in the seasonally low first quarter decreased by $4.8 million, or 1.9%, as compared to the prior year period. Comparable store sales at BNC decreased 2.2% for the quarter representing approximately $4.9 million in revenue.
BNC non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter improved by $2.3 million to $(29.7) million, as compared to $(32.0) million in the prior year period. Higher gross margins and decreases in selling and administrative expenses exceeded the impact of the comparable store sales decline.
MBS total sales of $130.3 million for the quarter decreased by $9.5 million, or 6.8%, as compared to $139.8 million in the prior year period.
MBS Wholesale net sales of $88.4 million for the quarter decreased by $4.1 million, or 4.4%, as compared to $92.5 million during the prior year period. MBS Wholesale gross sales increased, but were offset by increased return reserves. MBS Direct sales of $41.9 million for the quarter decreased by $5.4 million, or 11.4%, as compared to $47.3 million in the prior year period. The decrease was primarily due to the timing of shipments for Fall Rush and lower K-12 sales.
MBS non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $14.9 million for the quarter, as compared to $17.8 million in the prior year period. This decrease was primarily driven by lower sales and lower gross margins, partially offset by lower selling and administrative expenses.
DSS sales of $5.7 million for the quarter reflects the operating results of Student Brands, which generates sales through subscriptions to its digital properties.
DSS non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA was $2.8 million for the quarter, reflecting earnings of Student Brands, offset by investments in the development of the Company’s new Bartleby product offering, Bartleby Textbook Solutions. Quarterly comparisons are not relevant, as Student Brands was acquired subsequent to the end of the first quarter of fiscal year 2018.
Expenses for Corporate Services, which includes unallocated shared-service costs, such as various corporate level expenses and other governance functions, were $5.5 million for the quarter as compared to $6.4 million in the prior period.
Intercompany gross margin eliminations of $(15.0) million reflected in Adjusted EBITDA, compared to $(11.6) million in the prior year period, is higher due to an increase in inter-segment sales from MBS to BNC. Such profit is expected to be recognized in the second quarter as BNC sells through the inventory which was purchased from MBS.
For fiscal year 2019, the Company continues to expect consolidated sales to be in the range of $2.2 billion to $2.3 billion before intercompany eliminations. This guidance reflects the current expected comparable store sales decline at BNC to be in the mid-single digit percentage point range year over year. The Company currently expects consolidated fiscal year 2019 Adjusted EBITDA to be relatively comparable to fiscal year 2018, in a range of $110 million to $125 million, reflecting the expected comparable store sales decline at BNC and the increasing costs associated with developing new DSS and other digital offerings. Capital expenditures are currently expected to be approximately $60 million, increasing over fiscal year 2018 primarily due to the Company’s anticipated investments in digital content required to develop and offer new DSS products.
A conference call with Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. senior management will be webcast at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, August 22, 2018 and can be accessed at the Barnes & Noble Education corporate website at investor.bned.com or www.bned.com.
Barnes & Noble Education expects to report fiscal 2019 second quarter results on or about December 6, 2018.
ABOUT BARNES & NOBLE EDUCATION, INC.
Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. (NYSE: BNED) is a leading provider of higher education and K-12 educational products and solutions. Through its Barnes & Noble College and MBS Textbook Exchange segments, Barnes & Noble Education operates 1,437 physical and virtual bookstores across the U.S., serving more than 6 million students and faculty. Through its Digital Student Solutions segment, the Company offers a suite of digital software, content and services including direct-to-student study tools, serving approximately 100,000 subscribers in more than 15 countries and receiving more than 20 million unique monthly visitors to its sites. The Company also operates one of the largest textbook wholesale distribution channels in the United States. For more information please visit www.bned.com.
BNED companies include: Barnes & Noble College Booksellers, LLC, MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC, BNED LoudCloud, LLC, Student Brands, LLC, and Promoversity, LLC. General information on Barnes & Noble Education may be obtained by visiting the Company’s corporate website: www.bned.com.
This press release contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and information relating to us and our business that are based on the beliefs of our management as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to our management. When used in this communication, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “forecasts,” “projections,” and similar expressions, as they relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this press release may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect our current views with respect to future events, the outcome of which is subject to certain risks, including, among others: general competitive conditions, including actions our competitors and content providers may take to grow their businesses; a decline in college enrollment or decreased funding available for students; decisions by colleges and universities to outsource their physical and/or online bookstore operations or change the operation of their bookstores; the general economic environment and consumer spending patterns; decreased consumer demand for our products, low growth or declining sales; the strategic objectives, successful integration, anticipated synergies, and/or other expected potential benefits of various acquisitions, including MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC and Student Brands, LLC, may not be fully realized or may take longer than expected; the integration of MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC’s operations into our own may also increase the risk of our internal controls being found ineffective; implementation of our digital strategy may not result in the expected growth in our digital sales and/or profitability; risk that digital sales growth does not exceed the rate of investment spend; the performance of our online, digital and other initiatives, integration of and deployment of, additional products and services including new digital channels, and enhancements to higher education digital products, and the inability to achieve the expected cost savings; our ability to successfully implement our strategic initiatives including our ability to identify, compete for and execute upon additional acquisitions and strategic investments; risks associated with operation or performance of MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC’s point-of-sales systems that are sold to college bookstore customers; changes to purchase or rental terms, payment terms, return policies, the discount or margin on products or other terms with our suppliers; technological changes; risks associated with counterfeit and piracy of digital and print materials; our international operations could result in additional risks; our ability to attract and retain employees; the risk of price reduction or change in format of course materials by publishers, which could negatively impact revenues and margin; risks associated with data privacy, information security and intellectual property; trends and challenges to our business and in the locations in which we have stores; non-renewal of managed bookstore, physical and/or online store contracts and higher-than-anticipated store closings; disruptions to our information technology systems, infrastructure and data due to computer malware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks, resulting in harm to our business and results of operations; disruption of or interference with third party web service providers and our own proprietary technology; work stoppages or increases in labor costs; possible increases in shipping rates or interruptions in shipping service; product shortages, including risks associated with merchandise sourced indirectly from outside the United States; changes in domestic and international laws or regulations, including U.S. tax reform, changes in tax rates, laws and regulations, as well as related guidance; enactment of laws which may restrict or prohibit our use of emails or similar marketing activities; the amount of our indebtedness and ability to comply with covenants applicable to any future debt financing; our ability to satisfy future capital and liquidity requirements; our ability to access the credit and capital markets at the times and in the amounts needed and on acceptable terms; adverse results from litigation, governmental investigations, tax-related proceedings, or audits; changes in accounting standards; and the other risks and uncertainties detailed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in Part I - Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 28, 2018. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results or outcomes may vary materially from those described as anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned. Subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements in this paragraph. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise after the date of this press release.
The condensed consolidated financial statements for the 13 weeks ended July 28, 2018 include the financial results of Student Brands, LLC (in the DSS segment) for the entire period and the condensed consolidated financial statements for the 13 weeks ended July 29, 2017 exclude the financial results of Student Brands, LLC as it was acquired on August 3, 2017 (the second quarter of fiscal year 2018).
We have three reportable segments: BNC, MBS and DSS as follows:The BNC Segment is comprised of the operations of Barnes & Noble College Booksellers, LLC (“BNC”) which operates 753 physical campus bookstores, the majority of which also have school-branded e-commerce sites operated by BNC and which offer students access to affordable course materials and affinity products, including emblematic apparel and gifts. BNC also offers its First Day™ inclusive access program, in which course materials, including e-content, are offered at a reduced price through a course materials fee, and delivered to students digitally on or before the first day of class. Additionally, the BNC segment offers a suite of digital content, software, and services to colleges and universities through our LoudCloud platform, such as predictive analytics, a variety of open educational resources courseware, and a competency-based learning platform. The MBS Segment is comprised of MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC’s (“MBS”) two highly integrated businesses: MBS Direct which operates 684 virtual bookstores for college and university campuses, and K-12 schools, and MBS Wholesale which is one of the largest textbook wholesalers in the country. MBS Wholesale’s business centrally sources and sells new and used textbooks to more than 3,500 physical college bookstores, including BNC’s 753 campus bookstores. MBS Wholesale sells hardware and a software suite of applications that provides inventory management and point-of-sale solutions to over 400 college bookstores. The Digital Student Solutions (“DSS”) Segment includes direct-to-student product and service offerings to assist students to study more effectively and improve academic performance, thus enabling them to gain the valuable skills necessary to succeed after college. DSS is comprised of the operations of Student Brands, LLC, a leading direct-to-student subscription-based writing services business, with approximately 100,000 subscribers across its digital properties. Additionally, in August 2018, we launched our student success hub on bartleby.com with the introduction of Bartleby Textbook Solutions. Bartleby Textbook Solutions is the first internally developed product within DSS, and will be the core product offering in our student success hub. The Bartleby Textbook Solutions subscription is accessible anytime and anywhere, both within our managed bookstore footprint, and nationally to students. The DSS segment also includes tutoring and test prep services offered through our partnership with The Princeton Review. We currently offer these online student services directly to students, and increasingly will be leveraging our BNC and MBS physical and virtual bookstore footprint to market directly to students where we serve as the campus bookstore. We continue to aggressively expand our ecosystem of products and services through our own continued internal development, as well as by partnering with other companies to provide a complete hub of products and services designed to improve student success and outcomes.
Corporate Services represents unallocated shared-service costs which include corporate level expenses and other governance functions, including executive functions, such as accounting, legal, treasury, information technology, and human resources.
All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Our condensed consolidated financial statements reflect the following reclassifications for consistency with the current year presentation:Cost of Sales expenses primarily related to facility costs and insurance for the Corporate Services category have been reclassified to Selling and Administrative Expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For our digital rental products, we have reclassified Rental Income to Product Sales and Other, and have reclassified Rental Cost of Sales to Product and Other Cost of Sales in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, with no impact to Gross Margin. Digital rental revenue and digital rental cost of sales are recognized at the time of delivery and are not deferred over the rental period.
Prior periods presented reflect the reclassifications noted above.
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