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Poland Makes Public Its Aid Request, Solidarity Praises Visit With AM-Bush Rdp, Bjt

July 12, 1989

WARSAW, Poland (AP) _ Poland has asked the members of the seven-nation economic summit for credits and debt relief totaling more than $4.3 billion, authorities announced Wednesday, one day after President Bush’s visit.

In a related development, the independent Solidarity movement praised Bush’s two-day visit and said it hopes for ″the quick working out and implementation by the industrialized democratic countries of a broad joint program″ to help Poland.

Solidarity’s leader Lech Walesa asked Bush on Tuesday to assist in organizing a $10 billion aid package at the three-day economic summit, which starts Friday in Paris, to nurture democratic reforms under way in this communist country.

In a speech to the Polish National Assembly on Monday, Bush offered Poland $115 million in direct aid, a sum one commentator in an opposition newspaper said was disappointing.

But Solidarity, in its first official statement after the visit Tuesday, expressed only satisfaction with the Bush offer and said it hopes for further assistance later.

″President Bush’s visit confirmed once again that the Polish nation has friends in the West on whom it may count,″ said the statement issued by union national spokesman Janusz Onyszkiewicz. ″It also creates hope that a historic chance will not be wasted to transform countries in our part of the world from a totalitarian system to democracy.″

The official PAP agency, meanwhile, released parts of a letter from Polish leader Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski to French President Francois Mitterrand, asking for joint assistance from the seven countries holding their annual economic meeting this weekend.

Ways to support democracy in Poland and Hungary is to be a chief topic of the summit of the leaders of the United States, Japan, West Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Canada.

Jaruzelski, who has overseen the legalization of Solidarity after a seven- year ban and the holding of Poland’s freest elections since World War II, proposed a six-point aid plan for Poland which includes:

-$1 billion over two years in supplies and credit guarantees to build up food reserves to enable introduction of a market-oriented food economy.

-$2 billion in credits from the International Monetary Fund under a negotiated adjustment program to last until 1992.

-Quick debt rescheduling by the Paris Club for government to government loans of Poland’s $39 billion foreign debt.

-Rolling back some of Poland’s non-government-guaranteed debt and transforming a portion into other forms of obligations, such as equity in Polish enterprises.

-$300 million in World Bank credits to finance export-oriented investments and a $500 million structural adjustment loan to help improve Polish exports. The money would be coupled with improvement of access of Polish goods to Western markets.

-$500 million from the World Bank or European Investment Bank over three years to finance food processing and storage facility improvements, giving Poland the infrastructure it lacks to market agricultural products abroad.