Rayonier Advanced Materials Reports Second Quarter 2018 Results
JACKSONVILLE, Fla.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 2, 2018--Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. (the “Company”) (NYSE:RYAM) today reported second quarter 2018 net income of $54 million, or $0.83 per diluted common share compared to $5 million, or $0.03 per diluted common share in the second quarter of 2017. Second quarter 2018 adjusted net income was $39 million, or $0.60 per diluted common share, compared to $9 million, or $0.11 per diluted common share in the second quarter of 2017. Second quarter 2018 adjusted net income and diluted earnings per share are adjusted for a gain on bargain purchase associated with the acquisition of Tembec Inc. (“Tembec”). Adjusted net income and diluted earnings per common share amounts for second quarter 2017 are adjusted for transaction costs and an unrealized gain on a derivative instrument both associated with the acquisition of Tembec.
Year to date 2018 net income was $78 million, or $1.22 per diluted common share compared to $14 million, or $0.18 per diluted common share for the first half of 2017. Earnings increased in the current year due to the November 2017 acquisition of Tembec. Year to date adjusted net income was $63 million, or $0.99 per diluted common share, compared to $18 million, or $0.26 per diluted common share in 2017. Year to date 2018 adjusted net income and diluted earnings per share are adjusted for a gain on bargain purchase associated with the acquisition of Tembec. Adjusted net income and diluted earnings per common share amounts for the first half of 2017 are adjusted for transaction costs and an unrealized gain on a derivative instrument both associated with the acquisition of Tembec.
“With strong demand in our pulp and forest products segments and improved performance in our manufacturing operations, we delivered solid earnings for the quarter, underscoring the earnings potential of the new portfolio,” said Paul Boynton, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer. “We remain committed to a disciplined and balanced capital allocation program as evidenced by our investment of $23 million in strategic capital projects, debt reduction of $12 million and $29 million of capital returned to shareholders through dividends and common stock repurchases through the first half of the year.”
Second Quarter and Year to Date Operating Results
In the following tables, the Company’s net sales and operating results for the second quarter and first half of 2018 are compared against the prior year comparable period results which preceded the acquisition of Tembec. In addition, the 2018 net sales and operating results are compared against the combined net sales and operating results which assume that the Company’s prior year comparable period had been combined with Tembec’s.
High Purity Cellulose
Operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 decreased over the comparable 2017 periods by $3 million and $17 million, respectively. These decreases were primarily driven by lower cellulose specialties prices and volumes from the Company’s historical operations partially offset by the operating income from the Tembec acquisition.
On a combined basis, operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 decreased over the comparable 2017 periods by $15 million and $44 million, respectively. These decreases were primarily driven by the expected decrease in cellulose specialties sales prices and volumes combined with higher chemical and energy costs. The increased chemical and energy costs were partially offset by increased productivity as well as transformation and synergy savings during the periods.
Operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable 2017 periods by $17 million and $27 million, respectively, driven by the Tembec acquisition.
On a combined basis, operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 increased $7 million and $11 million, respectively, primarily due to an increase in lumber prices of 31 and 30 percent, respectively, partially offset by lower sales volumes, duties imposed on shipments to the U.S. and higher costs for wood and transportation.
Operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable 2017 periods by $26 million and $49 million, respectively, driven by the Tembec acquisition.
On a combined basis, operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 increased $16 million and $34 million, respectively, primarily due to improved high-yield pulp prices of 29 and 32 percent, respectively.
Operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable 2017 periods by $7 million and $10 million, respectively, driven by the Tembec acquisition.
On a combined basis, operating income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 decreased $5 million and $13 million, respectively, primarily due to higher pulp costs in paperboard, which benefits our Pulp segment, duties imposed on U.S. shipments of newsprint and increased amortization and depreciation related to the purchase accounting associated with the acquisition of Tembec. These benefits were offset in part by higher newsprint sales prices and volumes and higher paperboard sales prices.
Transformation and Synergy Savings
During the first half of 2018, the Company achieved approximately $18 million of its $40 million cost transformation target for 2018, excluding one-time costs. Approximately $11 million of the savings were related to the synergy activities and are associated with reduced corporate expenses and enhanced procurement practices. Synergy savings required approximately $1 million in one-time costs to achieve these results. The Company now expects to exceed its Cost Transformation target for 2018.
Interest expense was $15 million for the second quarter of 2018 and $30 million for the first half of the year. The increases of $6 million and $12 million over the prior year three and six month periods, respectively, were due to higher debt balances and interest rates associated with the debt used to finance the acquisition of Tembec. Interest income and other expenses, net, increased in the current year primarily due to the favorable impact of Tembec’s pension plans on other components of net periodic pension costs.
Non-operating expenses also includes a $15 million adjustment to the gain on bargain purchase associated with the acquisition of Tembec in the fourth quarter of 2017. The adjustment was recorded in the second quarter of 2018.
Income Tax Expense
The year to date effective tax rate was 27 percent for 2018, compared to 42 percent in the prior year period. The current year to date effective rate differs from the current federal statutory rate of 21 percent primarily due to different statutory tax rates of foreign operations and certain additional U.S. taxes on foreign derived income implemented as part of the Tax Cut and Jobs Act enacted in December 2017, partially offset by a nontaxable bargain purchase adjustment included in pretax income. The prior year to date effective tax rate differed from the then enacted federal statutory rate of 35 percent primarily due to the unfavorable tax impact of the accounting for the 2014 employee incentive stock program which did not pay out as a result of not meeting the required performance criteria.
Cash Flows and Liquidity
Year to date, the Company generated operating cash flows of $89 million and adjusted free cash flows of $48 million. Working capital used $67 million of cash as a result of higher inventories, increases in deferred costs related to the annual maintenance outages at all four high purity plants, and the timing of customer incentive and prepayments. Working capital is expected to improve during the second half of the year. Year to date, the Company invested $64 million in capital expenditures which included approximately $23 million of strategic capital.
The Company paid down $12 million of debt year to date and ended the quarter with adjusted net debt of $1,149 million and $297 million of total liquidity, including $80 million of cash and $217 million available under the revolving credit facility after taking into account outstanding letters of credit. The Company also returned $29 million of capital to shareholders through dividends and stock repurchases.
High Purity Cellulose
On a combined basis, cellulose specialties prices are anticipated to decline approximately 4 percent in 2018, reflecting an improved mix, and sales volumes are expected to decline approximately 2 percent, dependent on revenue recognition timing. Commodity volumes are expected to be comparable to the prior year. Profitability is expected to improve in the second half of 2018 as the annual maintenance outages have been completed at all four facilities and synergy benefits continue to favorably impact results. Results in the second half of the year are expected to represent approximately 55 percent of the annual EBITDA.
Lumber prices are expected to decline from the recent historical high prices, but profitability is anticipated to remain favorable as solid demand from the U.S. housing market is expected to continue. Duties on lumber sales into the U.S. are anticipated to affect approximately 50 percent of the Company’s sales in this segment and reduce EBITDA by approximately $30 million during 2018.
High-yield pulp prices are expected to remain near historically high levels in the near-term and moderate by year end. Strong demand for pulp, reduced recycled fiber imports to China, and supply side issues in the global pulp industry continue to support pulp prices. With no significant new capacity expected in the pulp markets in the near future, supply-demand dynamics indicate continued strong market conditions.
Paperboard markets are expected to remain stable, though peak pulp prices which benefit the Company’s Pulp segment will negatively impact margins. In newsprint, reduced industry production capacity and duties have led to higher prices which have effectively offset the impact of the duties. Profitability is expected to remain stable in the near-term. Additional supply or a more rapid decline in demand due to the duties could negatively impact newsprint results.
Capital Allocation and Investment
The Company anticipates that it will spend approximately $100 to $110 million in maintenance capital expenditures across its businesses in 2018. In addition, the Company anticipates spending approximately $45 million on high-return strategic projects in 2018. These strategic opportunities are predominantly focused in the High Purity Cellulose and Forest Products segments with an average pay-back of less than 2 years.
“With elevated commodity prices, the completion of planned maintenance outages at all four high purity facilities, accelerating synergies and the weighting of EBITDA toward the second half of the year for the high purity business, we expect to deliver solid results for the remainder of 2018,” Boynton stated. “We will continue to allocate capital to high-return investments, debt reduction and stock repurchases.”
Conference Call Information
Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. (NYSE:RYAM) will host a conference call and live webcast at 10:00 a.m. ET on August 3 to discuss these results. Supplemental materials and access to the live audio webcast will be available at www.rayonieram.com. A replay of this webcast will be archived on the company’s website shortly after the call. Investors may listen to the conference call by dialing 877-407-8293, no passcode required. For international parties, dial 201-689-8349. A replay of the teleconference will be available one hour after the call ends until 6:00 p.m. ET on Friday, August 17, 2018. The replay dial-in number within the U.S. is 877-660-6853, international is 201-612-7415, Conference ID: 13681816.
About Rayonier Advanced Materials
Rayonier Advanced Materials is a global leader of cellulose-based technologies, including high purity cellulose specialties, a natural polymer commonly found in cell phones, computer screens, filters and pharmaceuticals. The Company also manufactures products for lumber, paper and packaging markets. With manufacturing operations in the U.S., Canada and France, Rayonier Advanced Materials employs approximately 4,200 people and generates approximately US$2 billion of pro forma revenues. More information is available at www.rayonieram.com .
Certain statements in this document regarding anticipated financial, business, legal or other outcomes including business and market conditions, outlook and other similar statements relating to Rayonier Advanced Materials’ future events, developments, or financial or operational performance or results, are “forward-looking statements” made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” “forecast,” “anticipate,” “guidance,” and other similar language. However, the absence of these or similar words or expressions does not mean a statement is not forward-looking. While we believe these forward-looking statements are reasonable when made, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or events and undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance these expectations will be attained and it is possible actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements due to a variety of risks and uncertainties.
Our operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, those listed below. When considering an investment in our securities, you should carefully read and consider these risks, together with all other information in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and our other filings and submissions to the SEC, which provide much more information and detail on the risks described below. If any of the events described in the following risk factors actually occur, our business, financial condition or operating results, as well as the market price of our securities, could be materially adversely affected. These risks and events include, without limitation: Our businesses we operate are highly competitive and many of them are cyclical, especially in commodity markets, which may result in fluctuations in pricing and volume that can adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations; Our ten largest customers represent approximately 38% of our pro forma 2017 revenue, and the loss of all or a substantial portion of our revenue from these large customers could have a material adverse effect on us; A material disruption at one of our major manufacturing facilities could prevent us from meeting customer demand, reduce our sales and profitability, increase our cost of production and capital needs, or otherwise adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operation; Changes in raw material and energy availability and prices could affect our results of operations and financial condition; The availability of, and prices for, wood fiber may significantly impact our business, results of operations and financial condition; We are subject to risks associated with manufacturing and selling products and otherwise doing business outside of the United States; Our operations require substantial capital for ongoing maintenance, repair and replacement of existing facilities and equipment; Currency fluctuations may have a negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations; Restrictions on trade through tariffs, countervailing and anti-dumping duties, quotas and other trade barriers, in the United States and internationally, could adversely affect our ability to access certain markets; We depend on third parties for transportation services and increases in costs and the availability of transportation could adversely affect our business; Our business is subject to extensive environmental laws, regulations and permits that may restrict or adversely affect our ability to conduct our business; The impacts of climate-related initiatives remain uncertain at this time; Our failure to maintain satisfactory labor relations could have a material adverse effect on our business; We are dependent upon attracting and retaining key personnel, the loss of whom could adversely affect our business; Failure to develop new products or discover new applications for our existing products, or our inability to protect the intellectual property underlying such new products or applications, could have a negative impact on our business; Risk of loss of the Company’s intellectual property and sensitive business information, or disruption of its manufacturing operations, in each case due to cyberattacks or cyber security breaches, could adversely impact the Company; We may need to make significant additional cash contributions to our retirement benefit plans if investment returns on pension assets are lower than expected or interest rates decline, and/or due to changes to regulatory, accounting and actuarial requirements; We have significant debt obligations that could adversely affect our business and our ability to meet our obligations; Challenges in the commercial and credit environments may materially adversely affect our future access to capital; We may need additional financing in the future to meet our capital needs or to make acquisitions, and such financing may not be available on favorable terms, if at all, and may be dilutive to existing stockholders; The inability to effectively integrate the Tembec acquisition, and any future acquisitions we may make, may affect our results; and, we may not achieve the benefits anticipated from our previously-announced transformation plan.
Other important factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements that may have been made in this document are described or will be described in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Rayonier Advanced Materials assumes no obligation to update these statements except as is required by law.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This earnings release and the accompanying schedules contain certain non-GAAP financial measures, including EBITDA, adjusted free cash flows, adjusted operating income, adjusted net income and adjusted net debt. These non-GAAP measures are reconciled to each of their respective most directly comparable GAAP financial measures on Schedules D - F of this earnings release. We believe these non-GAAP measures provide useful information to our board of directors, management and investors regarding certain trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, purposes of determining management incentive compensation and budgeting, forecasting and planning purposes.
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