Tuesday, August 18
Today is Tuesday, August 18, the 230th day of 2015 There are 135 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1527 - French forces take Pavia and Genoa in Italy.
1649 - Turkey’s Sultan Ibrahim is deposed, assassinated and succeeded by Mohammed IV.
1812 - Russian forces are defeated at Smolensk, which is occupied by French under Napoleon.
1870 - Western Australia is granted representative government.
1894 - U.S. Congress establishes the Bureau of Immigration.
1896 - France annexes Madagascar.
1914 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson proclaims American neutrality in World War I; Germany declares war on Russia.
1920 - The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, giving women the right to vote.
1964 - South Africa is banned from participating in the Olympic Games in Tokyo for refusing to renounce its apartheid policies.
1968 - More than 100 women and children are killed when a landslide sweeps two sightseeing buses into rain-swollen river on Honshu Island in Japan.
1976 - Two U.S. Army officers are hacked to death by axe-wielding North Korean border guards at the truce village of Panmunjom.
1977 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s administration denounces as illegal Israel’s decision to establish three new Jewish settlements on the West Bank.
1986 - Sudanese rebel group claims responsibility for shooting down Sudan Airways passenger plane in which all 60 people aboard were killed.
1989 - In Colombia, leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galan is assassinated outside Bogota, the Medellin drug cartel is suspected.
1990 - The death toll from Sri Lanka’s civil war is put at 3,350 persons. At least 2,000 are civilians. A 13-month cease-fire in the seven-year-old conflict between the army and ethnic Tamil separatist rebels was broken in June.
1994 - A powerful earthquake rips through northwest Algeria, collapsing thousands of dwellings and killing at least 150 people.
1995 - Flash floods in the Marrakesh region of Morocco kill at least 73 people.
1996 - In Pakistan, gunmen fire on a group of Shiite worshippers in central Punjab province, killing 18 people and injuring 100.
1997 - Typhoon Winnie begins a sweep through Asia, killing 28 in Taiwan, then hits China, causing at least US$2.6 billion in damage and killing as many as 56 people.
2000 - Indigenous people belonging to a tribe believed to have been decimated 80 years ago are located in the jungles of the Amazon state of Acre in Brazil.
2002 - Heads of government from Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia convene in Berlin to organize financial relief efforts after more than a week of the worst flooding that led to at least 109 deaths across Europe, and caused an estimated $20 billion in damage.
2005 - Security forces kill Saleh Mohammed al-Aoofi, al-Qaida’s top leader in Saudi Arabia, and five other Islamic extremists in gunbattles in Medina in the first major anti-terror sweep since King Abdullah took the throne earlier in the month.
2006 - U.N. and maritime agencies promise help to Lebanon to clean up an oil slick caused by Israeli bombing during monthlong fighting. The spill has been described as Lebanon’s worst-ever environmental disaster.
2008 - Gen. Pervez Musharraf resigns as the president of Pakistan.
2009 - A terminally ill Libyan man convicted in the 1988 Lockerbie airline bombing moves closer to being allowed to die outside of his Scottish prison cell when a court agrees he can drop an appeal against his conviction.
2012 — The death toll of a suspected al-Qaida attack on a Yemeni intelligence headquarters rises to 20, in the worst such attack in a year.
2013 — U.N. experts arrive in Damascus to begin their investigation into the purported use of chemical weapons in Syria’s civil war.
2014 — Iraqi and Kurdish forces recapture Iraq’s largest dam from Islamic militants following dozens of U.S. airstrikes in the extremists’ first major defeat since they swept across the country this summer.
Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (1750-1825); Meriweather Lewis, American explorer (1774-1809); Lord John Russell, English statesman (1792-1878); Shelley Winters, U.S. actress (1920-2006); Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican baseball player (1934-1972); Roman Polanski, Polish film director (1935--); Robert Redford, U.S. actor (1936--).
Thought For Today:
New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common — John Locke, English philosopher (1632-1704).