A look at women’s integration in the military
WASHINGTON (AP) — Recent milestones for American women in the military services:
1948 — Law passed making women permanently part of the U.S. military services.
1975 — The Air Force puts the first woman on operational crew status.
1976 — The first group of women enters the U.S. military academies, as directed by legislation President Gerald Ford signed a year earlier.
1983 — About 200 Army and Air Force women are among the forces deployed to Grenada, serving on air crews, as military police and as transportation specialists.
1990-91 — Some 40,000 American military women are deployed during the Gulf War operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Iraqis take two Army women prisoner.
1994 — A Pentagon policy prohibits women from being assigned to ground combat units below the brigade level. Historically, brigades — which are about 3,500 troops — were based farther from the front lines, and they often included top command and support staff.
2002 — Marine Sgt. Jeannette L. Winters becomes the first U.S. servicewoman to die in the post-9/11 wars. She was killed in a refueling tanker crash.
2005 — Sgt. Leigh Ann Hester, a Kentucky National Guard soldier, becomes the first woman awarded the Silver Star for service in the war on terror. Her convoy came under attack outside Baghdad. She was cited for killing several insurgents and saving the lives of numerous convoy members.
2008 — Ann E. Dunwoody becomes the military’s first women to be promoted to general. She retired in 2012 after 38 years in the Army.
2010 — The Navy lifts its ban on women serving on submarines and two dozen women begin training for the new posts.
2012 — The military opens more than 14,000 jobs in smaller units closer to the front lines.
2013 — Then-Defense Secretary Leon Panetta and Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs, sign order saying women must have the same opportunities as men in combat jobs. Military services begin studies to determine how and when to bring women into all jobs, probably including in at least some commando units.
January 2014 — Marine Corps delays implementation of new standard requiring women to do three pull-ups when more than half of female Marines in boot camps couldn’t do three.
February 2014 — A survey of the Army’s nearly 170,000 women shows that only a small fraction say they’d like to move into one of the newly opening combat jobs.
April 2014 — First women move into Army field artillery jobs as cannon platoon leaders
September 2014 — Army opens door for women to attend Ranger School
August 2015 — Two women pass the Army’s grueling Ranger course. Another passes in a later course.
December 2015 — Defense Secretary Ash Carter makes history, ordering the military services to open all combat jobs to women.