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Frances Lear

October 2, 1996

NEW YORK (AP) _ Frances Lear, a feminist activist who used part of her divorce settlement from TV producer Norman Lear to start a magazine aimed at women over 40, died Monday of breast cancer. She was 73.

Ms. Lear brought her feisty brand of feminism to Eugene McCarthy’s 1968 presidential bid and worked with the National Organization for Women on behalf of the Equal Rights Amendment.

She was considered the model for ``Maude,″ played by Bea Arthur in Lear’s television hit from the 1970′s, and claimed that he would have achieved little of his television success without her input.

She defended the hefty $112 million settlement from her 1985 divorce from Lear, saying in 1992: ``I didn’t get that without earning it. Believe me, I earned it.″

Ms. Lear used the settlement to start Lear’s magazine in 1988. Aimed at older women, its slogan was ``for the woman who wasn’t born yesterday.″ It folded six years later after losing up to $30 million. She also wrote an autobiography, ``The Second Seduction.″

She is survived by two daughters and two grandsons.

Herberta Masarykova

PRAGUE, Czech Republic (AP) _ Herberta Masarykova, a human rights activist and granddaughter of the founder of Czechoslovakia, died Monday. She was 81.

Masarykova and her sister Anna spoke out against human rights violations during the decades of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Her sister died in April.

Their grandfather, philosopher Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, led the movement to form an independent Czechoslovakia out of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from his base in the United States. He became Czechoslovakia’s first president in 1918.

Masarykova worked for a publishing company until her retirement.

She was married to the late art historian Emmanuel Poche and is survived by a daughter, Charlotta.

Tom Sieg

CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) _ Tom Sieg, a newspaper editor and columnist, died of brain cancer Monday. He was 62.

Sieg was an editor at The Charlotte Observer from 1961 until 1963 and the Charlotte News from 1965 until 1970. He was a columnist with The Winston-Salem Journal when he retired in 1993.

Sieg also wrote a 1994 PBS documentary, ``The Search for Clean Air.″ The program, narrated by Walter Cronkite, looked at the worldwide toll of air pollution.

Survivors include his wife, Elva; a daughter, Mary Sieg Snow, and a son, Richard Louis Sieg; a sister, Carol S. Vikingstad; and a brother, James R. Sieg.

Moneta J. Sleet Jr.

NEW YORK (AP) _ Moneta J. Sleet Jr., who documented the Civil Rights movement and became the first black American to win a Pulitzer Prize in photography, died of cancer Monday. He was 70.

Sleet, a staff photographer for Ebony Magazine, covered Martin Luther King Jr. receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Sweden in 1964 and marching in Alabama from Selma to Montgomery in 1965 as well as King’s funeral in April 1968.

It was the picture of a mourning Coretta Scott King, comforting her daughter Bernice at the civil rights leader’s funeral, that earned Sleet the the 1969 Pulitzer for feature photography.

The photograph was distributed by The Associated Press and widely used throughout the country.

Sleet joined Ebony after working as a sportswriter for the Amsterdam News and as a photographer for Our World, a popular black photo magazine. When Our World went out of business, he joined Johnson’s Publishing Co.’s Ebony Magazine.

He also received a Citation for Excellence from the Overseas Press Club of America, awards from the National Urban League and the National Association of Black Journalists, and his work was exhibited in Harlem’s Studio Museum as well as New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Survivors include his wife, Juanita; a daughter, Lisa; sons Gregory and Michael; three grandchildren; and his sister, Emmy Lou Wilson.

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