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Facts on Russians’ Health

January 24, 1998

Some statistics on Russian health:

_Cardiovascular disease death rate for Russian men 5 to 6 times higher than in West, Health Ministry says. Among men ages 45-74, mortality rate is 1,343 per 100,000, compared to 330 in France, 453 in Italy.

_Russian population of about 147 million shrank by estimated 475,000 in 1996, State Statistics Committee says. For at least next several years, expected to continue shrinking by about 500,000 annually.

_53 percent of deaths caused by heart disease, 20 percent by cancer. World Health Organization figures smoking causes 32 percent of all male deaths, 5 percent of female deaths.

_In 1995, average life expectancy was 58 years for men, 72 for women, compared to 74 and 81 in European Union. Latest estimates from WHO say Russian life expectancy for both sexes now 64 years _ same as Pakistan and Guyana, worse than Vietnam, Mexico, Guatamala, Mongolia, Algeria.

_20-year-old Russian man has just one chance in two of living to age 60, says Dr. David Leon of London School of Hygeine and Tropical Medicine. In Britain or France, 9 of 10 will live to 60.

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