Terrorists Active in West Germany for Nearly 20 Years With PM-Nightclub Bomb, Bjt
BERLIN (AP) _ Terrorist groups have been active in West Germany for nearly 20 years, attacking a wide range of American, West German and NATO alliance targets.
Here is an overview of the major terrorist groups and some of the attacks they have claimed responsibility for:
-The Baader-Meinhof gang, founded in 1968, was named by the news media for two of its founding members. Andreas Baader and Ulrike Meinhof later committed suicide in prison.
The group grew out of radical student circles and opposed U.S. business and military interests in Europe.
It burned department stores, robbed banks and burglarized government offices as part of a self-proclaimed ″anti-capitalist″ war.
-The Red Army Faction, which adopted that name in 1971, originally consisted of members of the Baader-Meinhof gang, but grew and spawned other terrorist groups, most named after original Red Army Faction members.
In May, 1972, the Red Army Faction bombed two U.S. Army headquarters, killing four American soldiers.
In 1977, it assassinated West Germany’s chief federal prosecutor, the chairman of the country’s second-largest bank and the president of the National Employers’ Association in separate attacks.
The Red Army Faction has claimed responsibility for 30 political killings and hundreds of bomb attacks and robberies.
-The Revolutionary Cells, founded in 1973, has claimed responsibility for more than 55 bombings and arsons, directly mostly against West German banks, businesses and government offices.
-The Holger Meins Commando, founded in 1975, was named for a Red Army Faction member who died in prison while on a hunger strike.
On April 24, 1975, the group seized the West German embassy in Stockholm, Sweden, killing two hostages and blowing up the building. It claimed responsibility for the Feb. 28 assassination of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme and for Saturday’s Berlin nightclub bombing.
-2nd of June Movement, first heard from in 1975, is believed to have connections with Palestinian terrorists. It claimed responsibility for the 1975 kidnapping of Peter Lorenz, a leading conservative politician in Berlin. Lorenz was released after police freed four imprisoned terrorists.
Its name refers to the date in 1967 that a policeman shot and killed Benno Ohnesorg, a student, during a Berlin demonstration. A court acquitted the policeman, saying he acted in self-defense.
-Commando Siegfried Hausner was first heard from in 1977 when the group said it participated in the killing of National Employers’ Association President Hanns Martin Schleyer and four people accompanying him. Most members are now in prison or dead.
-The Patrick O’Hara Commando, a Red Army Faction offshoot named after a member of the outlawed Irish Republican Army, claimed responsibility for the Feb. 1, 1985, assassination of Munich industrialist Ernst Zimmermann.
-The Revolutionary Front claimed responsibility for a 1984 bombing at a West German Army base in Bavaria.
-The Autonomous Revolutionary Group claimed responsibility for minor 1984 arson attacks against West German companies. The group opposes the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and West German government urban policies.