James Monroe-1817-1825

February 13, 2019
James Monroe

•Born: April 28th, 1758 in Westmoreland County, VA

•Died: July 4th, 1831, New York, NY

•Married to: Elizabeth Kortright Monroe

•Children: 3

•College: College of William and Mary

•Other occupations: Minister to France, Governor of VA, US Senator, Secretary of War, Secretary of State, Lawyer, Military

•Party affiliation: Democratic-Republican

•Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins

•Burial site: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA

James Monroe became the United States’ 5th president on March 4, 1817, after serving in the Virginia legislature, the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention.

Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in 1758, he studied law with Thomas Jefferson after attending the College of William and Mary.

Monroe was one of Virginia’s first senators, governor of Virginia twice, and was minister to both France and England. He served as President Madison’s secretary of state and later as secretary of war during the War of 1812.

He opposed ratification of the Constitution because it lacked a Bill of Rights. However, Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison trusted and promoted him, and few men have served their country longer.

He helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase, and when he was president, he bought Florida from Spain for $5 million (with Spanish claims to the Northwest thrown in for good measure).

He ran against Madison for president and was defeated, but came back in 1816 to be elected. He was re-elected to a second term with all but one vote.

Monroe is noted for having a strong cabinet that included a southerner, John C. Calhoun, as secretary of war, and a northerner, John Quincy Adams, as secretary of state.

Monroe’s terms of office were free from general political strife and were called the “Era of Good Feeling.”

Monroe’s presidential years were marked with most of the world at peace and this nation making great strides in business, inventions and western development.

President Monroe died on July 4, 1831.

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