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China Intensifies Assault on United States

July 7, 1989

BEIJING (AP) _ China intensified its assault on Washington today, saying the United States has repeatedly violated the human rights of its own people and therefore has no right to criticize China’s handling of demonstrators.

″During the process of quelling the recent counterrevolutionary rebellion the American government and Congress under the pretext of ‘protecting human rights’ meddled with China’s domestic affairs,″ said the People’s Daily, the official publication of the Communist Party.

″When the Chinese government on June 4 used firm methods to quell the counterrevolutionary rebellion, the U.S. government became furious and was the first to impose ‘sanctions’ on China to exert pressure on us,″ the newspaper said in a commentary.

″But everybody can still remember (U.S. Sen. Joe) McCarthy’s notorious anti-communist, anti-China legislation,″ the paper said. ″And 100 years after the declaration of the emancipation of America’s slaves, the discrimination faced by blacks and people of other colors is still serious.″

Washington suspended military sales and high-level governmental exchanges after the Chinese army’s bloody suppression of protesters seeking democratic reforms. China says 200 to 300 people died; Western sources and Chinese witnesses say up to 3,000 people were killed.

In addition to the sanctions, the Chinese government has been angered by U.S. protection of dissident Fang Lizhi, who with his wife, Li Shuxian, took shelter at the American Embassy shortly after the crackdown.

Noting U.S. criticism of South Africa and its involvement in Korea, Vietnam and Grenada, the paper said Washington ″has never stopped its interference with other countries’ internal affairs. This is the reality of the American ‘guardians of human rights’.″

In a separate piece titled ″How America Tramples On Human Rights,″ the Communist Party mouthpiece printed a chronology of civil rights and antiwar protests in the United States, complete with numbers of arrests and deaths of demonstrators.

In another story, the People’s Daily said student leaders passed on state secrets to foreign journalists and received foreign passports so they could escape from China.

″The autonomous student union, through the help of foreign powers, even obtained passports for some 40 of their members, so they could flee the country in the event things turned for the worse,″ newspaper said.

It did not name any countries that provided passports but said considerable financial support came from the United States and France and said people from Hong Kong operated from rooms at the Beijing Hotel near the square to distribute money to students.

″The student leaders maintained illicit relations with traitorous organizations overseas, and themselves were traitors and collaborators,″ it said.

The People’s Daily also repeated charges that students received money from overseas, saying: ″When the student leader ‘masterminds’ finally went underground, each had tens of thousands of yuan (thousands of dollars).″

Major Chinese papers also gave prominent play to a lengthy speech by Beijing’s conservative mayor, Chen Xitong, attacking a wide range of intellectuals for contributing to the political environment that fostered the democracy movement.

Chen’s speech, to the National People’s Congress a week ago but only released Thursday, took up three full newspaper pages and lashed out at a number of writers, editors and dissidents whose airing of political positions ″prepared for the turmoil that ensued.″

The spreading purge of intellectuals included news reports of the ousting of a deputy editor-in-chief of the Huayue publishing house in rural Shaanxi province and the burning of a book the firm published, ″The Story of a Chinese Who Never Lies,″ because it allegedly embraces bourgeois liberalism, or Western liberal ideas.

He also leveled further charges at former Communist Party chief Zhao Ziyang, who was sacked last month for his pro-student views. He was replaced by Shanghai party chief and political hard-liner Jiang Zemin.

The evening news showed writers and artists saying Zhao neglected political education and blamed him for what they said was a proliferation of low-quality artistic works, including pornography.

″For many years, there was no serious and complete implementation of the policies of the Central Committee. Before, we didn’t know what happened. Now, it’s clear. The reason was Comrade Zhao Ziyang,″ said Zhang Jiong, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

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