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More Eastern Europeans, Fewer Arabs, Attending U

October 16, 1991

More Eastern Europeans, Fewer Arabs, Attending U.S. Colleges Graphic With PM-College Costs, Bjt

NEW YORK (AP) _ More Eastern Europeans and fewer Arabs are attending U.S. colleges.

Foreign enrollment grew 5.3 percent to a record 407,500 in the 1990-91 academic year, the Institute of International Education reported Tuesday in an annual survey. Some 14.9 million students attend U.S. colleges and universities.

The number of students from Eastern European nations and the Soviet Union jumped 42 percent to 4,780, compared with 3,360 in 1989-90.

″It is encouraging that the number of students from countries making the transition to democratic pluralism and market-oriented economies is rising,″ said Richard Krasno, president and chief executive officer of the institute.

Fewer Latin American, African and Arab students studied in American colleges: 17 percent fewer from Jordan and Nigeria, and 12 percent fewer from Saudi Arabia and Lebanon.

The drop in Arab enrollments mirrored the slump in oil prices, said Marianthi Zikopoulos, editor of Open Doors, the publication that produces the survey. The impact of the Persian Gulf War, if any, won’t show up until next year’s survey, she said.

The findings were based on a survey conducted in the fall of 1990 of 2,879 U.S. post-secondary schools. The study, with grant support from the U.S. Information Agency, included only foreign students on temporary visas.

China remained the leading nation of origin, with 39,600 students, followed by Japan, with 36,600; Taiwan, 33,500; India, 28,900; and Korea, 23,400.

Business remained the favorite subject for foreign students for the second straight year, with enrollment up 5 percent to 79,670. Engineering, the most popular major among foreign students for the 40 previous years, was second with 73,620, up 0.3 percent.

Miami-Dade Community College enrolled the most foreign students: 5,757. The University of Southern California had 3,886; University of Texas at Austin, 3,867; Boston University, 3,633; University of Wisconsin at Madison, 3,565; University of Pennsylvania, 3,122; Columbia University, 3,077; Ohio State University, 3,021; University of Illinois at Urbana, 2,967; and University of California at Los Angeles, 2,921.

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EDITOR’S NOTE - Copies of the Open Doors study will be available in November for $36.95 plus $3 handling from IIE Books, 809 United Nations Plaza, New York, N.Y. 10017-3580.

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