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Official Says Duarte’s Daughter Was Forced to Praise Rebels

November 8, 1985

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (AP) _ A government official said President Jose Napoleon Duarte’s daughter was forced to make statements praising her former guerrilla kidnappers for treating her well and fighting bravely.

″A kidnapped person, someone who is terrorized, someone who is psychologically pressured by kidnappers, you can’t expect anything else,″ presidential adviser Julio Adolfo Rey Prendes told a news conference Thursday.

The guerrillas’ two clandestine radio stations broadcast a tape recording earlier Thursday in which Ines Guadalupe Duarte Duran was purported to respond to her captors’ questions by praising them.

″From what I have seen they fight with high conviction and morale,″ the stations quoted her as saying on the tape. The tape itself could not be heard clearly in a broadcast monitored by The Associated Press in San Salvador.

Mrs. Duarte Duran, 35, and a woman friend were kidnapped Sept. 10 in San Salvador and held for 44 days before being freed in exchange for 118 jailed political prisoners and wounded rebels.

Ray Prendes said Mrs. Duarte Duran ″told us that they had asked these questions before they delivered her.″

Duarte said last week that psychologists were treating his daughter for the Stockholm syndrome, in which victims of kidnappings become sympathetic with the views of their captors.

The kidnappers ″tried to destroy the bond between her and myself, but they did not achieve this,″ Duarte said. His daughter, he said, was ″returning to normality little by little.″

Radio Farabundo Marti and Radio Venceremos, the guerrillas’ stations, said the tape was made hours before Mrs. Duarte Duran was released in Tenancingo, a village 25 miles northeast of San Salvador.

On the Radio Venceremos broadcast, monitored by the AP, the voice on the tape was clearly female but reception was too weak to determine who was talking or exactly what was said.

The Radio Venceremos announcer said, ″Because of the low volume of the recording, and especially for our shortwave listeners, after each answer of Ines Guadalupe Duarte we will read the transcript of the answer.″

The broadcast quoted her as saying her treatment as a prisoner ″was very humanitarian, very respectful, and within the limitations they had they tried to cover our needs, food and clothing. There was a doctor always with us and whatever was wrong with us we would consult him and he would give us medicine immediately.″

A female rebel guarded Mrs. Duarte Duran and her friend. The president’s daughter was quoted as saying that the rebels were polite and respectful ″and I should thank them for the treatment″

The two women were held in the Guazapa mountain ridge, a guerrilla stronghold about 20 miles north of the capital.

Mrs. Duarte Duran also was quoted as saying the Salvadoran air force conducted air raids nearby ″and I can tell you it was something horrible. I can tell you I felt much fear. It is a painful and anguishing impression when one is not psychologically prepared for it and I thought about the fear of the civilians when I saw the planes.″

Mrs. Duarte Duran was quoted as saying the rebels allowed the two women to meet and talk with civilians in the area after the raids.

″They thought I was a journalist,″ the broadcast reported her saying. ″They told me their experiences, they told me everything they thought and I really understood because I had just lived through a bombardment.″

Of the rebels, she reportedly said: ″Now, I have lived with them, I have seen how they live, the union between them, their solidarity, and I have talked with them.″

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