URGENT U.S. Presents Proposal On Eliminating Medium-Range Missiles
GENEVA (AP) _ U.S. arms control negotiators today presented a draft treaty on eliminating medium-range nuclear missiles in Europe, and officials said it reflected agreements made at last year’s superpower summit in Iceland.
U.S. negotiator Maynard Glitman described the document as a ″full treaty text.″ He said the proposal was complete except for one aspect of verification that was being discussed with NATO allies. He would not elaborate.
He said the U.S. proposal reflected tentative agreements reached last October in Iceland. At the time, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed to eliminate their medium-range missiles in Europe while each country would be allowed to keep 100 warheads on its own territory outside Europe.
Glitman said the United States would be willing to eliminate those 100 warheads as well if the Soviets agreed to reciprocate. He stressed, however, that that proposal was not included in the draft treaty.
Glitman spoke to reporters at the U.S. mission to the United Nations before the Soviet delegation arrived to receive the U.S. proposal.
Glitman, the chief U.S. negotiator on medium-range missiles, greeted his Soviet counterpart, Lem Masterkov, outside the mission and escorted the Soviet delegation into the meeting room.
Ten negotiators from each side sat across from each other along the meeting table, and Glitman and Masterkov shook hands once for photographers. In front of Glitman was a manila envelope about one inch thick which appeared to contain the U.S. proposal.
Glitman said the U.S. delegation had been working on the treaty ″for some time.″
The talks on medium-range missiles are one of three issues under discussion in Geneva. The other two are long-range missiles and space and defensive systems.
Originally, the talks on all three issues were scheduled to go into recess today. However, the negotiations on medium-range missiles were extended after Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev on Saturday said he would no longer insist that an agreement on medium-range missiles be tied to an agreement on limiting testing of the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative, or ″Star Wars.″
Glitman said the negotiations on medium-range missiles would continue beyond Monday. He said the Soviet and U.S. delegations were still discussing whether to extend the talks on the other two issues.
A Soviet spokesman, Alexander Monakhov, said Tuesday there was ″a possibility that all three groups will be extended.″
At the White House on Tuesday, President Reagan said the United States welcomes the new Soviet willingness to discuss the mid-range European missiles separately.
″I hope that the Soviet Union will then proceed with us to serious discussion of details which are essential to translate areas of agreement in principle to a concrete agreement,″ he said.
Of the remaining issues, he said, ″none is more important than verification. We will continue to insist that any agreement will be effectively verifiable.″
U.S. and Soviet teams on medium-range nuclear missiles met Tuesday in Geneva. Monakhov said the teams talked for about 90 minutes at the Soviet mission to the United Nations, but he gave no details.
Max Kampelman and Yuli Vorontsov, chiefs of the two delegations, also discussed procedure during a luncheon meeting.
The missile cuts would apply to 316 U.S. Pershing 2 and cruise missiles based in Western Europe and to Soviet SS-20 missiles deployed in the East.
Western officials estimate that 441 SS-20s have been deployed in the Soviet Union. Soviet army chief of staff Gen. Sergei F. Akhromeyev said Monday that 243 of the SS-20s were aimed at Europe.