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Obituaries in the News

May 5, 2004

Duke of Devonshire

LONDON (AP) _ The 11th Duke of Devonshire, whose vast Chatsworth estate has one of the finest and most-visited houses in Britain, died Monday. He was 84.

Estate spokesman Simon Seligman said the duke died late Monday night at Chatsworth.

The duke opened Chatsworth to the public in the 1950s and with his wife, Deborah, made it a thriving business, attracting a half-million visitors a year to its art collections and parkland.

The house, mostly late 17th century, is surrounded by 35,000 acres of estate land in the heart of a national park in Derbyshire county, central England.

With 297 rooms, 1.3 acres of lead roof and 105 acres of gardens, the estate is an expensive place to keep. It also has a hotel, a garden center and a shop selling meat and produce from its farm.

Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish was born Jan. 2, 1920, and educated at Eton and at Cambridge University. In 1941, he married Deborah, one of the famous Mitford sisters.

The couple had three children, Lady Emma, Lady Sophia, and Peregrine, the Marquess of Hartington, who succeeds his father as 12th Duke of Devonshire.


Nicholas J. Grant

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (AP) _ Former Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor Nicholas J. Grant, a pioneer in the study of metals and alloys who worked on the atomic bomb during World War II, died Saturday. He was 88.

Grant suffered from Alzheimer’s disease, said his daughter, Katharine Glennon.

He began his career at MIT with research on the atomic bomb and eventually published more than 500 technical and scientific papers. He was awarded more than 30 U.S. patents and 100 international patents.

Grant was born Nicholas John Dwaresky to Russian immigrant parents in South River, N.J., the youngest of four boys. His brothers decided to change the family name to Grant because they admired President Ulysses S. Grant and wanted a name that was easier to pronounce, his daughter said.

Grant served as the director of MIT’s interdisciplinary Center for Materials Science and Engineering from 1968 to 1977.

Grant, who lived in Winchester, served as a technical adviser to various government and military committees, including NASA, the Office of Naval Research, the Atomic Energy Commission and NATO.


Evelyn Mandela

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) _ Evelyn Mandela, the first wife of former President Nelson Mandela, has died. She was 82.

She died Friday of respiratory illness, according to news reports.

Mandela was the deeply religious daughter of a mineworker and a cousin of the late Walter Sisulu, one of the giants of the liberation struggle who was imprisoned with Nelson Mandela.

She married Nelson Mandela in 1944 and the couple had four children. One daughter died in 1948 before she was a year old, and a son was killed in a car accident in 1969 while Mandela was in prison.

The couple divorced in 1955 because of what Nelson Mandela, in his autobiography, ``Long Walk to Freedom,″ called irreconcilable differences between politics and religion.

He said he was not willing to give up his work in the anti-apartheid struggle and that she could not live with his devotion to something other than her and the family.


Yehuda Leib Raskin

NEW YORK (AP) _ Rabbi Yehuda Leib Raskin, a longtime leader of Morocco’s Jewish community, died Sunday of brain cancer. He was 71.

Raskin died Sunday of brain cancer in Montreal, said Rabbi Zalman Shmotkin, a spokesman for the Chabad Lubavitch movement. He was buried in New York on Monday.

Raskin was born in Russia to parents who defied Stalin’s rule by spreading Judaism despite repeated warnings of being jailed and executed. After World War II, the family escaped to Poland and later emigrated to Israel, where it helped found the religious community of Rishon Letzion, a Tel Aviv suburb.

Raskin also traveled to New York to study in a rabbinic seminary and later became a mentor to many American Jewish leaders.

In December 1959, Raskin married Raizel Azimov in Paris. Four months later, the couple became Lubavitch emissaries in Morocco.

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