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Lake, Appointee at National Security Council, Worked With Carter With PM-Clinton Bjt

December 23, 1992

WASHINGTON (AP) _ Anthony Lake, named as President-elect Clinton’s national security adviser, has hands-on government experience combined with a more recent professor’s perspective.

Lake is currently professor of international relations at Mount Holyoke College in Hadley, Mass. He served as director of policy planning at the State Department during the Carter administration, acting as a close adviser to then-Secretary of State Cyrus Vance.

Lake, 53, joined the State Department in 1962. He served in Vietnam as a foreign service officer, then joined the staff of Henry Kissinger who was named national security adviser to President Nixon. Lake quit the government to protest the U.S. invasion of Cambodia in 1970.

″Two hardship posts″ was how Clinton on Tuesday described Lake’s experience in Vietnam and with Kissinger, commenting at a news conference announcing appointments.

After leaving government, Lake went to work for Sen. Edmund Muskie in his unsuccessful presidential effort.

In 1976, he became Jimmy Carter’s international affairs adviser during the transition from the Ford administration, then was named director of policy planning at the State Department in 1977.

When Carter was defeated, Lake joined the faculty of Amherst College as a professor of international relations, moving to nearby Mount Holyoke in 1984, where he has taught until now.

He has known Clinton since working with him on George McGovern’s presidential campaign in 1972. Lake has written extensively, and is known to favor a strong United Nations as a vehicle for solving international problems.

″He is a creative and imaginative thinker,″ said Catherine Kelleher, a defense and foreign policy scholar at the Brookings Institution. She served with him in government.

Some clues to Lake’s thinking about foreign policy can be found in a book he wrote three years ago about the 1979 fall of Nicaragua’s Anastasio Somoza - as a case study of how U.S. foreign policy was made and bungled.

Lake concluded that on balance, political appointees had too much sway over the professionals in the Carter administration who urged that the United States force Somoza to resign.

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