Bank of England chief grilled over forex scandal
LONDON (AP) — Bank of England Governor Mark Carney on Tuesday sought to shield his institution from being dragged further into a global scandal over the alleged manipulation of foreign exchange markets.
Regulators in Europe and the U.S. are investigating a number of banks in the scandal, leading major firms like Citigroup and Barclays to suspend traders. The scandal touched the Bank of England last week, when it said it suspended one of its own employees.
Appearing before an influential committee of lawmakers to explain the situation, Carney said there was no evidence so far that staff at the Bank of England had also colluded in market manipulation or in sharing confidential client information. The suspension, he said, had only been made pending further investigation.
“The institution has to be beyond reproach,” Carney said. “We have to have the highest standards of integrity.”
The scandal threatens to be more serious than the one surrounding the rigging of the London interbank offered rate, or Libor. The investigation into Libor, a key rate underpinning transactions the world over, resulted in billions in fines for the banks implicated.
The currency trading investigation could have greater repercussions, as it goes to the integrity of the markets rather than just a single rate, however important.
The U.K. lawmakers demanded to know what was being done and had been done as the allegations surfaced.
Carney said the bank acted to investigate in October as soon as it had evidence of attempts at fixing the market. But lawmakers pointed to minutes from meetings at the central bank held eight years earlier to suggest there had been complaints about manipulation back then. They insisted the bank should have had systems in place to raise concerns to regulators sooner.
Paul Fisher, head of markets for the Bank of England, squirmed as he tried to explain to the Treasury Select Committee that the minutes from 2006 were being misinterpreted — more a complaint by traders about how tough their lives were than actual accusations that something was going awry in the markets.
But when committee chair Andrew Tyrie described the banks’ oversight systems as “opaque, complex and byzantine,” Carney barely put up a fight.
Dealing with a root and branch review of the matter will test his leadership only a year into office. And on that point, he was tough.
“We cannot come out of this at the back end with a shadow of doubt about the integrity of the Bank of England,” Carney said.
He said the bank would create a fourth deputy governor to deal with markets and banking. And he also insisted that the integrity of the institution would be safeguarded.
“What we saw in Libor and what the FCA and other authorities around the world are investigating in the FX markets around fixes are symptomatic of a group of individuals in markets ... who have lost sight of what a real market is and that’s unacceptable,” Carney said.
The Bank of England’s investigation has so far examined 15,000 emails, 21,000 Bloomberg and Reuters chat room records and 40 hours of telephone recordings. No action has been taken so far.
The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), which regulates the sector, launched its investigation last year and said it was examining a number of firms.