Sunday, May 4
Today is Sunday, May 4, the 124th day of 2014. There are 241 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1493 - Pope Alexander VI issues edict dividing the New World between Spain and Portugal.
1626 - Dutch Governor Peter Minuit lands on what is now Manhattan island.
1655 - English fleet leaves San Domingo, West Indies, and later captures Jamaica.
1706 - Britain, Holland and Holy Roman Empire declare war on France.
1776 - Rhode Island declares its freedom from England, two months before the Declaration of Independence is adopted.
1799 - Tippoo of Mysore is killed at Seringapatam and his kingdom is divided between Britain and the Nizam of Hyderabad in India.
1814 - Napoleon Bonaparte goes into exile on island of Elba. Bourbon reign is restored in France.
1843 - Natal in South Africa is proclaimed British colony.
1886 - At Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an eight-hour workday turns into a riot when a bomb explodes.
1863 - New Maori uprisings begin in New Zealand.
1916 - Responding to a demand from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany agrees to limit its submarine warfare, averting a diplomatic break with Washington.
1927 - The U.S. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded.
1932 - Mobster Al Capone, convicted of income-tax evasion, enters the federal penitentiary in Atlanta.
1939 - Japanese bombers inflict thousands of casualties in Chungking, China.
1942 - U.S. and Japanese forces begin the Battle of the Coral Sea off New Guinea. It is the first naval battle where the forces, employing only aircraft, never come within gun range.
1945 - German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agrees to surrender during World War II.
1946 - A two-day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay ends after five people are killed.
1961 - A group of “Freedom Riders” leaves Washington, D.C., for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.
1970 - Four students protesting against Vietnam War are killed by U.S. National Guard at Kent State University in Ohio.
1980 - Yugoslav strongman Josip Broz Tito dies three days before his 88th birthday.
1982 - British destroyer Sheffield sunk by Argentine plane off the Falklands.
1987 - Lebanon’s veteran Prime Minister Rashid Karami announces resignation, citing divided cabinet’s failure to resolve worsening economic crisis.
1989 - Tens of thousands of Chinese students march to Tiananmen Square, calling for freedom and democracy; fired White House aide Oliver North is convicted of shredding documents and two other crimes and acquitted of nine other charges stemming from the Iran-Contra affair. The three convictions are later overturned on appeal.
1990 - First free elections held in Croatia. The Democratic Union, led by historian and former communist Franjo Tudjman, wins; Latvia’s parliament declares independence from Soviet Union.
1991 - In keeping with the constitution passed by the newly elected parliament, Albanian President Ramiz Alia gives up all his Communist Party posts.
1992 - Kuwaiti oil production returns to levels before the 1990 Iraqi invasion.
1994 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that grants self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
1995 - Turkey announces it has pulled out the last of its troops from northern Iraq, six weeks after 35,000 soldiers crossed the border to wipe out Kurdish rebel bases.
1998 - A major Swiss bank settles the claim of a 71-year-old Holocaust survivor, the first settlement in the dispute over Jewish-owned accounts missing since World War II; Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski is given four life sentences plus 30 years by a federal judge in Sacramento, California, under a plea agreement sparing him the death penalty.
1999 - The leader of Northern Ireland’s major Protestant party meets Catholic protesters for the first time, hoping to prevent the violence that has accompanied a disputed parade in the predominantly Protestant town of Portadown.
2000 - A teen who hijacked a passenger bus in Japan and killed a female passenger is arrested after police storm the vehicle, ending a 15-hour standoff.
2001 - The United States is voted off the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time in the world body’s history.
2002 - A passenger plane belonging to Nigeria’s private EAS Airlines crashes in a densely populated suburb of the northern city of Kano, killing 148 people.
2003 - A series of tornado-laden storms kill 48 people across the midwestern and southern United States and injure hundreds of others.
2005 - Israel freezes the handover of West Bank towns, citing Palestinian security forces’ failure to disarm militants in areas under their control.
2006 - Ehud Olmert is formally sworn in as Israel’s prime minister with his new coalition government, winning parliamentary approval to pursue his goal of drawing Israel’s final borders by 2010.
2007 - A boat loaded with more than 160 migrants capsizes about a half-mile south of Providenciales Island in the Atlantic Ocean. The bodies of 61 migrants are eventually recovered, 78 survive and more than a dozen go missing.
2008 - Two unmanned Georgian spy planes are shot down over the country’s breakaway region of Abkhazia.
2009 - Iraq’s government rules out allowing U.S. combat troops to remain in Iraqi cities despite concern that the Iraqi forces cannot cope with the security challenge after a resurgence of bombings in recent weeks.
2010 - Iceland’s clouds of volcanic ash are menacing European air traffic again, but transport chiefs insist they are learning from last month’s crisis and will not let the hard-to-measure emissions ground their continent again.
2011 — President Barack Obama says he has decided not to release death photos of terrorist Osama bin Laden because their graphic nature could incite violence and create national security risks for the United States.
2012 — The U.S. and China outline a tentative deal to send a blind legal activist to America for study and potentially bring a face-saving end to a delicate diplomatic crisis.
2013 — With a second airstrike against Syria in four months, Israel enforces its own red line of not allowing game-changing weapons to reach Lebanon’s Hezbollah, a heavily armed foe of the Jewish state and an ally of President Bashar Assad’s regime.
Sir Thomas Lawrence, English artist (1769-1830); Emmanuel Robles, Algerian-French novelist/playwright (1914-1995); Audrey Hepburn, Belgian-born actress (1929-1993); Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian president (1928--); Roberta Peters, U.S. opera singer (1930--); Manuel Benitez (El Cordobes), Spanish bullfighter (1936--); Randy Travis, U.S. country singer (1959--); Kimora Lee Simmons, TV personality/fashion designer (1975--).
Thought For Today:
We so love all new and unusual things that we even derive a secret pleasure from the saddest and most tragic events, both because of their novelty and because to the natural malignity that exists within us — Madeleine de Souvre, marquise de Sable, French aristocrat (1599-1678)