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Council Declares Kuwait Annex ‘Null and Void,’ Again Demands Iraqi Pullout With

August 9, 1990

Council Declares Kuwait Annex ‘Null and Void,’ Again Demands Iraqi Pullout With AM-Iraq-Kuwait Rdp, Bjt

UNITED NATIONS (AP) _ The U.N. Security Council on Thursday unanimously expressed outrage over Iraq’s annexation of Kuwait, declaring it ″null and void″ and called on all nations to repudiate the puppet Kuwaiti regime.

Iraq repudiated the council.

The vote was 15-0 on the 15-member council, which met for the third time since Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait Aug. 2. It demanded immediate and unconditional Iraqi troop withdrawal from Kuwait. It has already called for a worldwide economic embargo against Iraq.

The move was considered one of the strongest Security Council actions. Combined with the two earlier resolutions of condemnation and sanctions, it indicated that after years of division and ineffectiveness, the body was performing its original peacemaking role.

Yemen, the council’s sole Arab member, voted with the rest of the council. It abstained in previous votes that condemned the invasion and ordered global economic sanctions.

Iraq scorned the resolution, which is considered legally binding on all U.N. members.

″My government reaffirms that the unity between Iraq and Kuwait is an indestructible one. It is eternal and irreversible,″ Iraqi Ambassador Ameri al-Anbari said after the vote.

Al-Anbari blamed the U.S. military presence in Saudi Arabia and in the region for causing instability and said it had delayed the promised Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait. He said his government has no intention of invading Saudi Arabia.

The resolution, introduced by Kuwait and sponsored by non-aligned nations, says: ″Annexation of Kuwait by Iraq under any form and whatever pretext has no legal validity, and is considered null and void.″ It demands Iraq rescind its annexation and urges all states not to give even indirect recognition to the Kuwaiti government installed by Iraq.

″We cannot allow sovereign state members of the United Nations to be swallowed up,″ U.S. Ambassador Thomas R. Pickering told the council.

Pickering said Iraq repeatedly had lied about its intentions and demonstrated its ″scorn″ for the international community and disdain for international law.

Pickering emphasized that the U.S. presence in the area is strictly defensive, under provisions of the U.N. Charter, and intended to help protect Saudi Arabia.

Pickering and other speakers likened Iraq’s behavior to that of dictators in the 1930s, referring indirectly to Hitler. At that time, Pickering said, ″The result was global conflagraiton.″

″We here will not and cannot let this happen again,″ he said.

British Ambassador Crispen Tickell said: ″This is an important day in the history of this (U.N.) institution.″ He said it set a precedent for the kind of Security Council envisioned when the United Nations was formed in 1945.

As the council met, the Soviet Foreign Ministry said Soviet participation in an international force in the crisis was contingent upon U.N. auspices.

U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar said he respected the Soviet position, that it deserved consideration, and that the Security Council would have to decide whether to call for a U.N. presence in the region.

The council includes the five permanent members: The United States, Britain, China, France and the Soviet Union; and 10 other members: Canada, Colombia, Cuba, Ethiopia, Finland, Ivory Coast, Malaysia, Romania, Yemen and Zaire.

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