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Yan Chernyak, a former Soviet intelligence agent who ran an elaborate spy n

February 21, 1995

MOSCOW (AP) _ Yan Chernyak, a former Soviet intelligence agent who ran an elaborate spy network in Nazi Germany for 15 years and helped Moscow develop its nuclear weapons program, died Sunday. He was 85.

As a military intelligence agent in Nazi Germany from 1930 until the end of World War II, Chernyak created a huge intelligence network and recruited several dozen agents.

Information he obtained was used to devise the first Soviet radar, which formed part of Moscow’s air defenses during Nazi raids in 1941, according to a statement from the Russian army’s general staff.

Chernyak also was ``instrumental″ in developing the Soviet Union’s nuclear weapons program, the statement said. Details of his spy activities remain secret.

After World War II, and until retiring in 1969, Chernyak was a translator for the official Soviet news agency, Tass. Earlier this month, he received the Hero of Russia award, the nation’s highest honor.

Paul Russell Lane

LANSING, Mich. (AP) _ Paul Russell Lane, a newsman with The Associated Press in Illinois for 26 years, died Sunday of congestive heart failure. He was 83.

Lane, who retired in 1967, joined the AP in 1937 at Springfield, Ill., served four years in the Army during World War II, then returned to the AP in 1946 and worked in the Chicago bureau.

Lane is survived by a brother, Roger F. Lane of Lansing, a longtime newsman with the AP and the Detroit Free Press.

Yank Lawson

INDIANAPOLIS (AP) _ Yank Lawson, a jazz trumpeter who played with reknowned combos of the big band era, died Saturday. He was 83.

Lawson, born in Trenton, Mo., began playing the piano and trumpet as a teen-ager. His music career spanned six decades.

He joined Ben Pollack’s band in 1933 before joining the Bob Crosby band in 1934. Lawson also played with Benny Goodman and the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.

With Crosby, he helped record ``Dogtown Blues″ and ``Five Point Blues.″

Lawson settled down in Indianapolis in 1988 partly because of the Indiana roots of friends Eddie Condon and Hoagy Carmichael.

Haymo Taeber

MONTEREY, Calif. (AP) _ Haymo Taeber, former director of the Vienna Boys Choir, died of cancer Sunday. He was 87.

Taeber was instrumental in rebuilding the world famous Vienna Boys Choir after World War II and led them in more than 2,000 concerts.

Taeber studied at the Vienna State Academy and began his career as resident opera conductor in the opera houses of Graz, Vienna and Breslau.

He served as the guest conductor of the Vienna Symphony Orchestra for 20 years. In 1956 he moved to Iran, where he established the Iran State Symphony Orchestra and the 100-voice Philharmonic Choir. For his efforts, he was the first foreigner to receive the Imperial Order of Arts and Science from the Iranian government.

In 1965 Taeber became the conductor of the Monterey County Symphony which he led for 17 years before retiring in 1985.

Calder Willingham

NEW HAMPTON, N.H. (AP) _ Novelist and screenwriter Calder Willingham, who garnered Academy Award nominations for his screenplays ``The Graduate″ and ``Little Big Man,″ died Sunday of lung cancer. He was 72.

Willingham received a Director’s Guild of America award for his ``Paths of Glory″ screenplay. He also was honored with Golden Globe Awards.

Willingham placed three books, ``Providence Island,″ ``End as a Man″ and ``Eternal Fire,″ on the New York Times’ Best-Seller List. Other novels included ``Geraldine Bradshaw,″ ``Reach to the Stars,″ ``Natural Child,″ ``The Gates of Hell,″ ``To Eat a Peach,″ ``Rambling Rose″ and ``The Big Nickel.″

His screenplays included ``The Vikings,″ ``One-Eyed Jacks,″ ``Rambling Rose,″ collaboration on ``The Bridge On the River Kwai″ and ``The Strange One,″ based on his novel ``End as a Man.″

Willingham had recently finished a script, ``Julie’s Valley,″ for Steven Spielberg. The movie, starring Sally Field, will be shot next year.

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