Despegar.com Announces 3Q18 Year-Over-Year Growth of 13% in Transactions
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Nov 8, 2018--Despegar.com, Corp. (NYSE: DESP), (“Despegar” or the “Company”), a leading online travel company in Latin America, today announced unaudited results for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2018. Financial results are expressed in U.S. dollars and are presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
Third Quarter 2018 Key HighlightsTransactions up 13% year-over-year Gross bookings down 2% year-over-year (+27% on an FX neutral basis) Revenue declined 9% year-over-year Packages, Hotels and Other Travel Products accounted for 58% of total revenue in 3Q18, up 269 basis points from third quarter 2017 Mobile transactions up 36% year-over-year, accounting for 35% of total transactions in 3Q18 Over 46 million cumulative mobile application downloads as of September 30, 2018, up 30% year-over-year Adjusted EBITDA decreased 40% year-over-year, and was down 31% year-over-year excluding one-time tax recovery gains in 3Q17 and a one-time severance payment in 3Q18 Operating cash flow of ($26.7) million in 3Q18, compared to $10.7 million in 3Q17 Repurchased 939 thousand shares in 3Q18 for $15.7 million, with a total of $25 million in share repurchases year-to-date
Message from CEO
Commenting on the Company’s results, Damian Scokin, CEO stated: “This was a challenging quarter as we faced increasingly unfavorable macro conditions in Latin America, particularly in Argentina and Brazil, that impacted the travel industry which saw gross bookings decline in the low double-digit range. Given the full quarter impact of macroeconomic conditions, we expect further industry deterioration in the fourth quarter.
The current market environment, coupled with our strong balance sheet, has provided us with a unique opportunity to further strengthen our leading market position. Earlier this year, we adjusted our go-to-market strategy and customer service processes, , launching several initiatives that are allowing us to continue to gain market share across all of our key markets, despite lower reliance on payment installments. These measures will better position us to capture future growth as the economies recover. Importantly, on an FX-neutral basis consolidated gross bookings increased 27% year-on-year. Our decision to accelerate market share growth and customer service initiatives together with the significant currency volatility across our key markets, are impacting our financial results in the near term.
Reflecting our confidence in the Company’s future growth opportunities, we opportunistically took advantage of stock market volatility and repurchased over $25 million of our shares outstanding year-to-date. We have been operating in the region for over two decades and have faced similar challenges. Each time, we have emerged stronger, cementing our position as the leading OTA in the region.”
Overview of Third Quarter 2018 Results
Transactions rose 13% to 2.6 million in 3Q18 from 2.3 million in the year-ago period, as Despegar continued to gain share across its key markets. As a result, gross bookings decreased just 2%, significantly less than the industry’s, to $1,092.3 million in 3Q18, from $1,116.0 million in the third quarter of 2017. Importantly, on an FX neutral basis, gross bookings increased 27% year-over-year, in 3Q18. Across the key markets in which it operates, particularly Argentina, Despegar faced declining industry gross bookings and significant currency depreciation. Nevertheless, in the $100 billion Latin American travel market, the Company remains focused on leveraging its strong competitive position and low-cost operating structure, while improving customer satisfaction levels, to accelerate market share gains.
The Company’s business is organized into two segments: (1) Air, which consists of the sale of airline tickets, and (2) Packages, Hotels and Other Travel Products, which consists of travel packages (the bundling of two or more products together which can include airline tickets and hotel rooms), as well as stand-alone sales of accommodations (including hotels and vacation rentals), car rentals, bus tickets, cruise tickets, travel insurance and destination services.
The share of higher-margin Packages, Hotels and Other Travel Products transactions in 3Q18 remained relatively unchanged year-on-year at 42% of total transactions. Reflecting the macro environment in the country, Argentina accounted for a lower share in overall transactions, although still accounting for the highest share of Packages, Hotels and Other Travel Products.
The average selling price (“ASP”) was $421 per transaction in 3Q18, a 13% year-over-year decline (+12% YoY FX neutral), mainly as a result of local quarterly average currency devaluation in our two largest markets, specifically, 46% year-on-year in Argentina and 20% year-on-year in Brazil, and to a lesser extent by a continued mix-shift from international to domestic travel across key markets. In particular, the extent of the currency devaluation more than offset the successful continued mix-shift to higher ASP packages.
Brazil remains the largest market by transactions for Despegar, accounting for 40% of total transactions and increasing 11% year-over-year in 3Q18. Transactions grew 4% year-over-year in Argentina and 20% year-over-year in Mexico in the third quarter of 2018.
Mobile is an important initiative for Despegar and during the quarter the number of transactions via mobile rose 36% year-over-year with 35% of all transactions completed on the mobile platform, compared with up from 29% in 3Q17.
Total revenue in 3Q18 decreased 9% to $121.2 million, from pro forma $132.8 million in the year-ago quarter, mainly impacted by the 13% year-on-year decline in ASP resulting from local currency devaluation in Argentina and Brazil, our two largest markets, and to a lesser extent by a continued mix-shift from international to domestic travel across key markets.
Revenue margin experienced a 53 basis points year-on-year decline, to 11.1% in 3Q18, following the prior quarter implementation of customer fee reductions and discounts in package transactions, along with international to domestic mix-shift.
The year-on-year decline in revenue was mainly the result of lower revenues from Air and to a lesser degree from Packages, Hotels & Other Travel Products segments.Air segment revenue was $50.5 million in 3Q18, declining 14% year-over-year from pro forma $58.9 million in 3Q17. Transactions were up 14% year-on-year resulting in market share gains despite slower overall market growth. Higher volumes were more than offset by a 25% decline in average revenue per transaction resulting from the Company’s strategy of lowering air customer fees in several markets to drive market share gains and provide additional cross-selling opportunities, along with a mix-shift from international to lower-margin domestic travel driven by local currency depreciation, particularly in Argentina and Brazil. Packages, Hotels & Other Travel Products segment revenue decreased 4% in 3Q18 to $70.8 million, from pro forma $73.9 million in the year-ago quarter. Transactions increased by 12% but were more than offset by a 14% decline in revenue per transaction resulting mainly from the slower macro environment and price discounts, along with mix-shift from international to domestic travel given currency depreciation, particularly in Argentina and Brazil. The Packages, Hotels and Other Travel Products segment accounted for 58% of total revenue in the third quarter of 2018, up from 56% in 3Q17.
Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
Cost of revenue, which mainly consists of credit card processing fees, bank fees related to customer financing installment plans offered and fulfillment center expenses, declined 3% to $36.7 million in 3Q18 from $37.9 million in 3Q17. As a percentage of revenue, cost of revenue increased by 173 basis points to 30.2% from 28.5% in the comparable period a year ago.
The absolute year-on-year decline cost of revenue was primarily driven by lower installment plan costs as the Company reduced the availability and duration of installments in the quarter in Argentina, following the sharp rise in interest rates in the country. This was partially offset by incremental costs to operate the fulfillment center reflecting the Company’s increased focus on customer service. These customer-oriented initiatives allowed the Company to deliver a 720 basis points year-on-year increase in after trip NPS.
As a result, Gross Profit decreased 11% year-on-year to $84.6 million in 3Q18, reflecting lower revenue margins given the Company’s initiatives to accelerate market share growth and investments in support of improving customer satisfaction levels.
Total operating expenses in 3Q18 at $75.5 million, were basically flat when compared to the year-ago quarter despite the benefit from regional currency depreciation reflecting more difficult comps from one-time items in both quarters and higher stock-based compensation in 3Q18. As a percentage of revenues, total operating expenses increased to 62.3%, from 56.7% in the comparable period. Excluding one-time expenses, total operating costs decreased 3% year-on-year and total operating expenses as a percentage of revenue increased 339 basis points to 61.6% in 3Q18 from 58.2% in the same quarter of the prior year.Selling and marketing expenses rose 1% year-over-year to $41.6 million, from $41.1 million in 3Q17. As a percentage of revenue, selling and marketing expenses in 3Q18 increased to 34.3% from 31.0% in 3Q17, mainly reflecting lower revenue per transaction which more than offset the benefit from regional currency depreciation, lower marketing investments and higher efficiencies. General and administrative (G&A) expenses increased 12% year-over-year to $17.1 million, from $15.3 million in the third quarter of 2017, mainly reflecting more difficult comps from a $2.0 million one-time tax recovery gain in the year-ago quarter and a one-time severance expense of $0.8 million in 3Q18. As a percentage of revenues, G&A increased 259 basis points to 14.1% in 3Q18 from 11.5% in the prior year quarter reflecting higher personnel expenses, including a $0.4 million increase in stock-based compensation. Excluding the one-time items described above, comparable G&A declined 6% year-over-year, and as % of revenues, comparable G&A declined 43 basis points year-over-year. Technology and product development expenses declined 11% year-over-year to $16.8 million in 3Q18, compared to $18.9 million in the year-ago quarter reflecting lower expenses from currency depreciation in Argentina where the majority of headcount is based, partially offset by higher headcount. As a percentage of revenue, technology and product expenses decreased by 37 basis points year-over-year to 13.9%.
In 3Q18, the Company reported a net financial expense of $11.0 million compared to $2.9 million in the comparable prior-year quarter. The increase was primarily due to FX impact of the currency devaluation in Argentina, Brazil and Chile. This also includes a $2.6 million FX loss resulting from the adoption of the U.S. dollar as the functional currency of the Company’s Argentine subsidiary starting July 1, 2018 following the guidance of ASC 830 as Argentina is recognized as a hyperinflationary economy. FX losses were partially offset by higher interest income from invested cash balances.
The Company reported an income tax gain of $0,5 million in 3Q18, compared to an expense of $4.4 million in 3Q17. The effective tax rate in 3Q18 was 25%, compared to 27% in 3Q17. The decrease in effective tax rate was mainly due to the recovery of deferred tax allowances in certain subsidiaries.
Adjusted EBITDA & Margin
Adjusted EBITDA declined 40% to $14.5 million in 3Q18 from pro forma $24.3 million in the comparable year-ago period. Adjusted EBITDA margin contracted to 12.0% from 18.3% in the prior year quarter, primarily resulting from the mix shift from international to domestic travel driven by currency devaluation across the region, along with lower year-on-year customer fees in air and price discounts in packages to support top line growth. Higher fulfillment costs and credit card processing fees also impacted Adjusted EBITDA margin.
Excluding one-time tax recoveries of $2.0 million in the third quarter of 2017 and a one-time severance charge of $0.8 million in 3Q18, Adjusted EBITDA would have decreased 31%.
Balance Sheet and Cash Flow
Unrestricted cash and cash equivalents at September 30, 2018 was $357.4 million, compared to $371.0 million at December 31, 2017, reflecting lower cash flow generated during the nine-months ended September 30, 2018. Additionally, during the quarter, the Company repurchased $15.7 million shares under a previously announced share buyback program.
Despegar generated negative cash flow from operating activities of $26.7 million in 3Q18 compared to $10.7 million in the comparable prior year quarter. This reduction was mainly due to a decrease in supplier and related party payables resulting from lower year-over-year sales, as well as higher cash advances to travel suppliers resulting from new commercial agreements.
During 3Q18, the Company’s capital expenditures were $3.7 million compared to $5.1 million during the same quarter in 2017. Funds were primarily used for technology hardware and office expansion.
Argentina Considered Hyperinflationary Market
As of July 1, 2018, as a result of a three-year cumulative inflation rate greater than 100% and following the guidance of ASC 830 the U.S. dollar became the functional currency of the Company’s Argentine subsidiary. This change in functional currency is being recognized prospectively in the financial statements. As a result, starting 3Q18 the impact of any change in currency exchange rate on the Company’s balance sheet accounts is reported in the Net financial income/(expense) line of the income statement instead of Other comprehensive income.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This announcement includes certain references to Adjusted EBITDA and non-GAAP financial measures. The Company defines:
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income/(loss) exclusive of financial income/(expense), income tax, depreciation, amortization and share-based compensation expense.
Free cash flow is defined as cash flow from operating activities less capital expenditures including capitalized software.
Adjusted EBITDA and Free cash flow are not measures recognized under U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on this information and should note that these measures as calculated by the Company, differ materially from similarly titled measures reported by other companies, including its competitors. Adjusted EBITDA margin refers to Adjusted EBITDA as defined above divided by revenue.
Definitions and concepts
Average Selling Price (ASP): reflects gross bookings divided by the total number of transactions.
Gross Bookings: Gross bookings is an operating measure that represents the aggregate purchase price of all travel products booked by the Company’s customers through its platform during a given period. The Company generates substantially all of its revenue from commissions and other incentive payments paid by its suppliers and service fees paid by its customers for transactions through its platform, and, as a result, it monitors gross bookings as an important indicator of its ability to generate revenue.
Foreign Exchange (“FX”) Neutral Gross Bookings calculated by using the average monthly exchange rate of each month of 2017 and applying it to the corresponding months in the current year, so as to calculate what the results would have been had exchange rates remained constant. These calculations do not include any other macroeconomic effect such as local currency inflation effects.
Number of Transactions: The number of transactions for a period is an operating measure that represents the total number of customer orders completed on our platform in such period. The number of transactions is an important metric because it is an indicator of the level of engagement with the Company’s customers and the scale of its business from period to period but, unlike gross bookings, the number of transactions is independent of the average selling price of each transaction, which can be influenced by fluctuations in currency exchange rates among other factors.
Revenue: The Company reports its revenue on a net basis, deducting cancellations and amounts that it collects as sales taxes. Despegar derives substantially all of its revenue from commissions and other incentive payments paid by its suppliers and service fees paid by its customers for transactions through its platform. To a lesser extent, Despegar also derives revenue from the sale of third-party advertisements on its websites and from certain suppliers when their brands appears in the Company advertisements in mass media.
Revenue Margin: calculated as revenue divided by gross bookings.
Seasonality: Despegar’s financial results experience fluctuations due to seasonal variations in demand for travel services. Bookings for vacation and leisure travel are generally higher during the fourth quarter, although to date and prior to the revenue recognition change beginning in the third quarter of 2018, the Company has recognized more revenue associated with those bookings in the third quarter of each year. Latin American travelers, particularly leisure travelers, who are Despegar’s primary customers, tend to travel most frequently at the end of the fourth quarter and during the third quarter of each year.
Despegar is the leading online travel company in Latin America. Operating across 20 countries, Despegar provides a broad suite of travel products, including airline tickets, travel packages, hotel bookings and other travel products to over 17 million customers. With a mission “to make travel possible”, the Company’s one-stop marketplace enables millions of users to find, compare, plan and easily purchase travel services and products. Through Despegar’s websites and leading mobile apps, it offers products from over 300 airlines, more than 520,000 accommodation options, as well as approximately 1,100 car rental agencies and approximately 240 destination services suppliers with more than 8,700 activities throughout Latin America. The Company owns and operates two well-recognized brands, Despegar, its global brand, and Decolar, its Brazilian brand. Despegar is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: DESP). For more information, please visit www.despegar.com.
This press release includes forward-looking statements. We base these forward-looking statements on our current beliefs, expectations and projections about future events and financial trends affecting our business and our market. Many important factors could cause our actual results to differ substantially from those anticipated in our forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly or to revise any forward-looking statements.
-- Financial Tables Follow --
View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20181108005118/en/
CONTACT: Investor Relations:
(+5411) 5173 3501
KEYWORD: ARGENTINA UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA SOUTH AMERICA
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: ONLINE RETAIL TRAVEL VACATION LODGING TRANSPORTATION OTHER TRAVEL RETAIL
SOURCE: Despegar.com, Corp.
Copyright Business Wire 2018.
PUB: 11/08/2018 06:00 AM/DISC: 11/08/2018 06:00 AM