Thursday, June 18
Today is Thursday, June 18, the 169th day of 2015. There are 196 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1757 - Holy Roman Empire forces defeat Prussia’s King Frederick II in Seven Years War battle of Kollin, now in Czech Republic, and he loses 13,000 of 33,000 troops.
1779 - French forces take St. Vincent in West Indies from British.
1812 - United States declares war against Britain because of restrictions imposed on shipping during the Napoleonic Wars.
1815 - British under Duke of Wellington and Prussians under Gerhard von Blucher defeat France’s Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo.
1823 - King John VI annuls Portuguese Constitution of 1822 after uprisings against his rule and the loss of Brazil.
1900 - With the anti-foreign Boxer Rebellion already under way, the dowager empress of China orders all foreigners killed.
1940 - Gen. Charles de Gaulle makes his famous BBC broadcast from London, in which he declares himself leader of the “Free French” and urges compatriots to resist Nazi occupation.
1940 - Germans capture French port of Cherbourg.
1952 - British announce plan to unite Rhodesia and Nyasaland— now Zimbabwe and Malawi — in Central African Federation.
1953 - Egypt is proclaimed a republic with General M. Naguib as president.
1961 - Three princes of Laos meet in Zurich, Switzerland, and agree to form coalition government to unite the war-torn kingdom.
1965 - Air Vice Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky assumes office as Premier of South Vietnam and vows to spur war against Viet Cong.
1975 - Prince Faisal Ibn Musaed is publicly beheaded in Riyadh for the murder of his uncle, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
1985 - U.S. space shuttle Discovery, with Saudi Arabian prince aboard as passenger, launches a satellite for Arab world.
1993 - The U.N. Security Council approves sending 7,600 peacekeepers to six Bosnian cities.
1996 - The U.N. Security Council lifts its embargo of heavy weapons against the former Yugoslav republics following an arms control agreement in Bosnia.
1997 - One of the most reviled figures of the century, the fugitive Cambodian Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot, surrenders to his former comrades.
2000 - Ethiopia and Eritrea agree to cease hostilities immediately in 2-year-old border war that killed, wounded and displaced thousands.
2001 - Some 30,000 Syrian troops pull out of Beirut and redeploy after 25 years. The Syrians were invited into Lebanon in 1976 as part of an Arab peacekeeping force to quell a civil war.
2002 - A Palestinian suicide bomber detonates explosives on a bus in Jerusalem, killing himself and at least 19 Israelis, in the deadliest attack in Jerusalem since 1996.
2004 - European Union leaders agree on a first-ever constitution for their newly reunited continent, overcoming disputes about power-sharing and national sovereignty.
2008 - Zhang Xiaoyan, a woman who was trapped under rubble for 50 hours in last month’s earthquake in China, delivers a healthy baby girl in a touching coda to the massive tragedy that killed almost 70,000 people.
2010 - BP removes chief executive Tony Hayward from day-to-day oversight of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill crisis a day after he was pummeled by U.S. lawmakers at a hearing.
2012 — Islamist candidate Mohammed Morsi claims a hollow victory in Egypt’s presidential election just hours after the country’s military rulers strip the office of its most important powers.
2013 — The Taliban and the U.S. say they will hold talks on finding a political solution to ending nearly 12 years of war in Afghanistan, as the international coalition formally hands over control of the country’s security to the Afghan army and police.
2014 — Iraq’s Shiite prime minister extends overtures to his Sunni and Kurdish political rivals as his forces battle Sunni militants over control of the nation’s largest oil refinery and a strategic city near the Syrian border.
Edward Scripps, U.S. newspaper publisher (1854-1926); Anastasia, daughter of Russian czar Nicholas II (1901-1918); Paul McCartney, British singer (1942--); Thabo Mbeki, South African president (1942--); Roger Ebert, U.S. film critic (1942--2013); Isabella Rossellini, Italian-born model-actress (1952--); Tom Bailey, British singer (1957--).
Thought For Today:
Neither beg of him who has been a beggar, nor serve him who has been a servant — Anonymous.