Wednesday, July 15
Today is Wednesday, July 15, the 196th day of 2015. There are 169 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1099 - Three years after the First Crusade set out, the Christian army storms Jerusalem and puts its Muslim inhabitants to the sword.
1685 - James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of King Charles II and claimant to the throne, is beheaded in England for his part in the rebellion to overthrow King James II.
1789 - France’s King Louis XVI is awakened and told that his authority has collapsed with the fall of the Bastille.
1801 - France and Papacy sign agreement saying French clergymen are to be appointed by the government and merely confirmed by the Pope.
1822 - Turkish invasion of Greece begins, and Turks overrun peninsula north of Gulf of Corinth.
1857 - British women and children taken by Indians at Cawnpore in India are massacred.
1893 - The Matabele, Bantu-speaking people of southwestern Zimbabwe, stage uprising against rule of British South Africa Company. They are defeated and administered by the company in separate districts.
1909 - Mohammed Ali, shah of Persia, is deposed in favor of 12-year-old Sultan Ahmad Shah.
1945 - Italy declares war on Japan, its former Axis partner in World War II.
1948 - U.N. Security Council orders truce in Palestine.
1958 - United States dispatches troops to Lebanon at request of President Camille Chamoun.
1965 - U.S. Mariner IV spacecraft sends to Earth first close-up photographs of planet Mars.
1974 - Officers in Cyprus favoring unification with Greece oust Archbishop Makarios from presidency. The coup leads to a Turkish military intervention.
1975 - United States’ Apollo and Soviet Union’s Soyuz spacecraft blast into orbit for rendezvous in space.
1987 - Taiwan ends 38 years of martial law to pave the way for multiparty elections.
1990 - Tens of thousands of people march to Kremlin walls to protest Communist Party control of Soviet government, army and KGB.
1994 - Tens of thousands of Hutus flee the Tutsi-led rebel advance in Rwanda, flooding across the border into Zaire in one of the greatest human flights in history.
1997 - Fashion designer Gianni Versace is shot to death outside his Miami Beach mansion by Andrew Cunanan, who kills himself a few days later.
1999 - China declares that it has invented its own neutron bomb, making an unprecedented disclosure about its nuclear arsenal to counter and reject U.S. accusations of atomic spying.
2001 - Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina leaves her post after five years in office, longer than any other Bangladeshi leader.
2002 - A Pakistani judge convicts four defendants in the kidnapping and murder of American journalist Daniel Pearl.
2003 - The White House projects a $455 billion federal budget deficit for the 2003 fiscal year, the largest ever in dollar terms.
2008 - Protesters storm past barricades near the National Palace in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, during a rally marking the 55th birthday of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
2010 - The Vatican revises its in-house rules to deal with clerical sex abuse cases, targeting priests who molest the mentally disabled as well as children and doubling the statute of limitations for such crimes.
2011 - Rupert Murdoch accepts the resignations of The Wall Street Journal’s publisher and the chief of his British operations as the once-defiant media mogul struggles to control an escalating phone hacking scandal, offering apologies to the public and the family of a murdered schoolgirl.
2012 - Syria’s 16-month bloodbath crosses an important symbolic threshold as the International Red Cross formally declares the conflict a civil war, a status with implications for war crimes prosecutions.
2014— Deadliest insurgent attack on civilians in Afghanistan since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion leaves at least 89 people dead after a suicide bomber blows up a car packed with explosives.
Rembrandt (Rembrandt Harmes van Rijn), Dutch artist (1606-1669); Marie Tempest, English actress (1864-1942); Walter Benjamin, German literary critic (1892-1940); Iris Murdoch, British writer (1919-1999); Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (1930-2004); Linda Ronstadt U.S. singer (1946--); Forest Whitaker, U.S. actor/director (1961--).
Thought For Today:
It is astonishing what force, purity, and wisdom it requires for a human being to keep clear of falsehoods — Margaret Fuller, American journalist and social critic (1810-1850).