Fitbit Reports Second Quarter 2018 Results
SAN FRANCISCO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 1, 2018--Fitbit, Inc. (NYSE:FIT), the leading global wearables brand, today reported revenue of $299 million, GAAP net loss per share of ($0.49), non-GAAP net loss per share of ($0.22), GAAP net loss of ($118) million, non-GAAP net loss of ($54) million, cash flow from operations of ($67) million and free cash flow of ($83) million for its second quarter of 2018.
“Our performance in Q2 represents the sixth consecutive quarter that we have delivered on our financial commitments, made important progress in transforming our business, and continued to adapt to the changing wearables market. Demand for Versa, our first ‘mass-appeal’ smartwatch, is very strong. Within the second quarter, Versa outsold Samsung, Garmin and Fossil smartwatches combined in North America, improving our position with retailers, solidifying shelf space for the Fitbit brand and providing a halo effect to our other product offerings,” said James Park, co-founder and CEO.
Second Quarter 2018 Financial HighlightsSold 2.7 million wearable devices. Average selling price increased 6% year-over-year to $106 per device driven by the growing mix of smartwatches. U.S. revenue represented 61% of revenue or $182 million, down 8% year-over-year. International revenue represented 39% and declined 24% year-over-year to $117 million: EMEA revenue declined 39% to $66 million; Americas excluding U.S. revenue declined 35% to $16 million; and APAC revenue grew 66% to $35 million, all year-over-year, respectively. New devices introduced in the past year, Fitbit Ionic TM, Fitbit Versa TM, Fitbit Ace TM and Fitbit Aria 2 TM and accessory Fitbit Flyer, represented 59% of revenue. GAAP gross margin was 39.8%, and non-GAAP gross margin was 40.9%. Both GAAP and non-GAAP gross margins were negatively impacted by the change in mix towards smartwatches, partially offset by improved warranty costs. GAAP operating expenses represented 73% of revenue, and non-GAAP operating expenses represented 65% of revenue.
Second Quarter 2018 Operational HighlightsSmartwatch revenue grew to 55% of revenue, up from 30% on a sequential basis. Versa outsold Samsung, Garmin and Fossil smartwatches combined in North America. The retail channel reduced tracker inventory, depressing reorder rates and tracker sales. EMEA was disproportionately exposed as tracker revenue was a larger percentage of revenue in the region as compared to the U.S. in prior quarters. We expect Q2 to be the trough in the year-over-year decline in tracker sales. Active community of users: 56% of our active users viewed Fitbit Feed in the quarter and our female health tracking feature has experienced more than 2.9 million total signups. 60% of activations came from new users, while 40% came from repeat buyers. Of the repeat buyers, 51% were previously inactive for 90 days or greater, up from 39% in Q2 2017, driven by smartwatches.
Third Quarter 2018 GuidanceWe expect revenue to decline (3%) year-over-year to a range of $370 million to $390 million, and the EMEA region to return back to growth. Non-GAAP basic net (loss) income per share in the range of ($.02) to $.01. Capital expenditures as a percentage of revenue of approximately 5%. We anticipate free cash flow to be approximately ($30) million, excluding $72 million in tax refund payments that we received in early July 2018. Non-GAAP effective tax rate of approximately 2%, but can vary significantly depending on profitability. Stock-based compensation expense of approximately $26 million and basic share count of approximately 247 million.
Full Year 2018 GuidanceWe reiterate our full-year 2018 revenue guidance of approximately $1.5 billion. We expect the year-over-year decline in revenue from tracker devices to improve, driven by clean channel inventory levels, consumer feedback, and our product pipeline. In addition, we anticipate additional supply of Versa to become available. We expect gross margins to be approximately flat from the second quarter. We expect to drive non-GAAP operating expenses 7% lower, to a target of $740 million. Capital expenditures as a percentage of revenue of approximately 5%. We expect free cash flow to decline less than revenue to approximately ($20) million for 2018. Guidance excludes the benefit of the tax refund payment we received in early July and the potential impact of tariffs. We expect non-GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 25%, but may vary depending on geographic mix of revenue, tax credits, and shift to profitability. Stock-based compensation expense of approximately $102 million and basic/diluted share count of approximately 248/260 million.
For additional information regarding the non-GAAP financial measures presented above, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.
Webcast and Conference Call Information
Fitbit will host a conference call today at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time, 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time, to discuss its results. Investors may access a live webcast of the call through the Investor section of Fitbit’s website at investor.fitbit.com. The call can also be accessed by dialing (888) 468-2440 or (719) 325-4750, access code 7830797. A replay of the call will be archived on Fitbit’s website for the following six months.
Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including statements regarding our outlook for the third quarter 2018 and full year 2018; the rate of decline in tracker sales; expected device mix; trends in revenue, average selling price, operating expenses, capital expenditures, free cash flow, gross margins, non-GAAP basic net (loss) income per share, stock-based compensation expense and non-GAAP effective tax rate; growth in the EMEA region; channel inventory levels; future product launches; product supply, including supply of Versa; consumer and retail demand for smartwatches and trackers; and any potential financial impact of tariffs. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual results due to a variety of factors, including: the effects of the highly competitive market in which we operate, including competition from much larger technology companies; our ability to anticipate and satisfy consumer preferences in a timely manner; our ability to successfully develop and timely introduce new products and services or enhance existing products and services; retail and customer acceptance of existing and new products; any inability to accurately forecast consumer demand and adequately manage our inventory; our ability to ship products on the timelines we anticipate and unexpected delays; our ability to detect, prevent or fix quality issues in our products or services; uncertain ability to retain employees; our reliance on third-party suppliers, contract manufacturers, and logistics providers, and our limited control over such parties; delays in procuring components and product from these third parties or their suppliers; the ability of third parties to successfully manufacture and ship in a timely manner quality products; seasonality; product liability issues, security breaches or other defects, which may adversely affect product performance, our reputation and brand awareness and overall market acceptance of our products and services; ability to integrate acquired technologies and employees into our operations, particularly in new geographies; warranty claims; the fact that the market for connected health and fitness devices is relatively new and unproven; the ability of our channel partners to sell our products; litigation and related costs; privacy; the impact of changes in tax law; the impact of tariffs; and other general market, political, economic and business conditions.
Additional risks and uncertainties that could affect our financial results are included under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the full year ended December 31, 2017, and our most recently filed Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. All forward-looking statements contained herein are based on information available to us as of the date hereof and we do not assume any obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events.
Disclosure of Material Information
Fitbit announces material information to its investors using SEC filings, press releases, public conference calls and on its Investor Relations page on the company’s website at http://investor.fitbit.com.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures in this press release: non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP operating loss, non-GAAP operating loss before income taxes, non-GAAP net loss, non-GAAP diluted net loss per share, non-GAAP free cash flow, and adjusted EBITDA. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP.
We use non-GAAP measures to internally evaluate and analyze financial results. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enable comparison of financial results between periods where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and enable comparison of our financial results with other public companies, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures.
There are limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool. In particular, many of the adjustments to our GAAP financial measures reflect the exclusion of certain items, specifically stock-based compensation expense, depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, interest income, net and the related income tax effects of the aforementioned exclusions, that are recurring and will be reflected in our financial results for the foreseeable future. In addition, these measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. A reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures has been provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release, and investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation.
Guidance for non-GAAP financial measures excludes Jawbone litigation costs, stock-based compensation, impact of restructuring, amortization of acquired intangible assets, and tax effects associated with these items. We have not reconciled guidance for non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures because certain items that impact these measures are uncertain, out of our control and/or cannot be reasonably predicted. Accordingly, a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures is not available without unreasonable effort.
The following are explanations of the adjustments that are reflected in one or more of our non-GAAP financial measures:Stock-based compensation expense relates to equity awards granted primarily to our employees. We exclude stock-based compensation expense because we believe that the non-GAAP financial measures excluding this item provide meaningful supplemental information regarding operational performance. In particular, companies calculate stock-based compensation expense using a variety of valuation methodologies and subjective assumptions. In January 2017, the Company conducted a reorganization of its business, including a reduction in workforce. The restructuring costs impacted our results for the first quarter of 2017. Restructuring costs primarily included severance-related costs. We believe that excluding this expense provides greater visibility to the underlying performance of our business operations, facilitates comparison of our results with other periods, and may also facilitate comparison with the results of other companies in our industry. Litigation expense relates to legal costs incurred due to litigation with Aliphcom, Inc. d/b/a Jawbone. We exclude these expenses because we do not believe these expenses have a direct correlation to the operations of our business and because of the singular nature of the claims underlying the Jawbone litigation matters. We began excluding Jawbone litigation costs in the second quarter of 2016 as these costs significantly increased in 2016. Amortization of intangible assets relates to our acquisition of FitStar, Pebble, Vector and Twine Health. We exclude these amortization expenses because we do not believe these expenses have a direct correlation to the operation of our business. Income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments relates to the tax effect of the adjustments that we incorporate into non-GAAP financial measures such as stock-based compensation, amortization of intangibles, restructuring and valuation allowance in order to provide a more meaningful measure of non-GAAP net loss.
About Fitbit, Inc. (NYSE: FIT)
Fitbit helps people lead healthier, more active lives by empowering them with data, inspiration and guidance to reach their goals. As the leading global wearables brand, Fitbit designs products and experiences that track and provide motivation for everyday health and fitness. Fitbit’s diverse line of innovative and popular products include Fitbit Blaze®, Fitbit Charge 2®, Fitbit Alta HR™, Fitbit Alta®, Fitbit Ace™, Fitbit Flex 2®, and Fitbit Zip® activity trackers, as well as the Fitbit Ionic™ and Fitbit Versa™ smartwatches, Fitbit Flyer™ wireless headphones and Fitbit Aria 2™Wi-Fi Smart Scale. Fitbit products are carried in over 39,000 retail stores and in 86 countries around the globe. Powered by one of the world’s largest social fitness networks and databases of health and fitness data, the Fitbit platform delivers personalized experiences, insights and guidance through leading software and interactive tools, including the Fitbit and Fitbit Coach apps, and the Fitbit OS for smartwatches. Fitbit Health Solutions develops health and wellness solutions designed to help increase engagement, improve health outcomes, and drive a positive return for employers, health plans and health systems.
Fitbit and the Fitbit logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Fitbit, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries. Additional Fitbit trademarks can be found at . Third-party trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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