Sunday, June 21
Today is Sunday, June 21, the 172nd day of 2015. There are 193 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1798 - British under Lord Lake defeat Irish rebels at Vinegar Hill and enter Wexford, stronghold of Irish Rebellion.
1813 - British under Duke of Wellington rout French at Vitoria, forcing Joseph Bonaparte to flee from Spain to France.
1871 - The French consul and some 20 other foreigners are killed by a mob in Tientsin, an attack that almost leads European powers to attack China.
1887 - Britain annexes Zululand, blocking Transvaal’s attempts to gain access to Africa’s coast.
1945 - Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to Americans in World War II.
1960 - Britain, France, Netherlands and United States provide for a Caribbean organization for economic cooperation.
1963 - France withdraws Atlantic naval forces from NATO.
1965 - Algerian Army officer Houari Boumedienne organizes new government after ousting and arresting President Ahmed Ben Bella.
1970 - Indochina war erupts on dozen fronts in heaviest fighting since Vietnam conflict spread to Cambodia in April.
1971 - International Court of Justice in the Hague rules that South Africa’s administration of territory of Southwest Africa is illegal.
1976 - Rioting breaks out in black townships around Pretoria in South Africa.
1990 - Massive earthquake strikes northern Iran, killing as many as 100,000.
1991 - Croatian troops launch a drive against Knin, capital of the rebel Serbs, gaining some ground.
1992 - Ethiopians vote in their country’s first multiparty elections, but balloting is marred by opposition boycotts.
1996 - In Managua, Nicaragua, dozens of election officials who had been kidnapped and held for two days by rearmed Contra rebels are released.
2000 - Chile’s Senate approves a plan aimed at investigating what happened to 1,000 people who disappeared during the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
2003 - Iran says it will increase its cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency, but suggests that the country will keep up controversial plans to enrich uranium. The United States accuses Iran of trying to build a nuclear bomb. Iran denies the charge.
2005 - An 80-year-old former Ku Klux Klansman is convicted of manslaughter in the slayings of three civil rights workers that shocked the U.S. exactly 41 years ago and helped spur passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
2006 - The parties behind Ukraine’s Orange Revolution agree to form a coalition government, ending talks to preserve a pro-Western administration that has sought to shed Russia’s influence.
2007 - International efforts to shut down North Korea’s nuclear program take a surprise turn when the U.S. sends a top American official to Pyongyang for direct talks, the first high-level visit by a U.S. official there in more than 4 1/2 years.
2009 - Mexico deploys 1,500 more troops to the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez where homicides related to the drug trade have surged.
2010 - A Pakistan-born U.S. citizen pleads guilty to trying to bomb New York’s Times Square and says he is “part of the answer to the U.S. terrorizing the Muslim nations and the Muslim people.”
2012 - A Syrian fighter pilot flies his MiG-21 warplane to neighboring Jordan where he is immediately given asylum in a defection from the fiercely loyal air force that signals some of the most iron-clad allegiances in Damascus could be fraying.
2013 - More than 100,000 supporters of Egypt’s Islamist president stage a show of force ahead of massive protests by the opposition changing “Islamic revolution” and warning of a new bout of turmoil.
2014 - Sunni insurgents led by an al-Qaida breakaway group expand their offensive in the volatile western province of Anbar, capturing two strategic towns and the first border crossing with Syria to fall on the Iraqi side.
Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist (1905-1980); Benazir Bhutto, former prime minister of Pakistan (1953-2007); Jane Russell, U.S. actress (1921--2011); Francoise Quoirez (Francoise Sagan), French author (1933--2004); Meredith Baxter, U.S. actress (1947--); Michael Gross, U.S. actor (1947--); Juliette Lewis, U.S. actress (1973--).
Thought For Today:
Let me have my way exactly in everything, and you will find that a pleasanter creature does not exist — Thomas Carlyle, Scottish historian (1795-1881).