A Look at Grenada 10 Years Later With AM-Haiti-Grenada Remembered
Undated (AP) _ Some places and people involved in the Oct. 25, 1983 invasion of Grenada, then and now:
Point Salines International Airport:
The airfield being built by Cuba. President Reagan revealed spy-satellite photos of the strip in March 1983 and claimed it was for use by Cuban and Soviet military planes.
The United States spent $19 million and Canada $6 million to complete the airport, which was inaugurated on Oct. 28, 1984. There are daily flights to New York, Miami, Puerto Rico, Toronto, London and Frankfurt.
Fort Matthew mental institution:
American bombers made a direct hit on the asylum, killing 17 people. The U.S. military claimed Grenadians were firing at Navy SEALS from machine-gun emplacements at the former French colonial fort.
Grenada hopes to convert the fort into a museum and tourist complex. Patients have been moved to a new facility built by the United States.
St. George’s University School of Medicine:
President Reagan said a major reason for sending troops to Grenada was to protect American lives. There were about 1,000 Americans on the island, including 650 medical students. Administrators at the school, which escaped serious damage, were skeptical about the need to send troops to their rescue.
Today, John Kopycinski, the business administrator, says: ″In retrospect, it could have blown up and been a hostage situation. ... Twenty-four hours after the 25th it wasn’t too difficult to realize there was more going on than we had realized.″ Enrollment has climbed back to about 600 students and the school has begun a $5 million building program.
The island had 800 hotel rooms. Today it has about 1,400.
The United States has provided $100 million in aid for tourism, roads, water, electricity and other projects. It has sent 300 Grenadians to the United States for study. Tourism and cruise ship visits have increased.
New Jewel Movement:
The political party of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, the Marxist leader whose summary execution by the army touched off the events leading to the invasion.
His followers founded the Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement, which has gotten about 4 percent of the vote in the two national elections since the invasion. The 14 people convicted of Bishop’s murder have had their death sentences commuted to life in prison. Three others convicted of manslaughter were given long prison terms.