Moscow (AP) _ Vladimir F. Promyslov, mayor of Moscow for nearly 23 years, has retired and been replaced by the head of the capital's Zil manufacturing plant, news reports said Friday.

Tass and a television report said Promyslov, 77, retired on pension. The Politburo named Valery T. Saikin the new mayor.

The official media criticized Promyslov late last year following an investigation into construction work in Moscow that reportedly found officials listing buildings as completed to meet deadlines, then delaying occupation for months while work actually was finished.

Subsequently, Viktor V. Grishin was fired Dec. 24 as head of Moscow's Communist Party.

Promyslov became head of Moscow's city Soviet, or city council, in March 1963. He became a member of the Communist Party Central Committee in 1966, and is expected to lose that post at the party congress beginning Feb. 25.