Monday, June 29
Today is Monday, June 29, the 180th day of 2015. There are 185 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1520 - Montezuma II, ninth and last emperor of the Aztecs, dies in Tenochtitlan of wounds he received, according to Spanish accounts, from his alienated subjects when he tried to speak to them three days earlier.
1529 - Religious civil war in Switzerland ends with Peace of Kappel, where the Catholic cantons give freedom of religion to the Protestants.
1847 - Convention of Gramido ends civil war in Portugal.
1848 - Austria’s Archduke John is elected Regent of the Reich, replacing German Confederation.
1880 - Australia’s most infamous bushranger, Ned Kelly, is wounded and captured at Glenrowan, Victoria.
1880 - France takes control of South Pacific island of Tahiti.
1888 - Professor Frederick Treves performs the first appendectomy in England.
1896 - Expedition under Major Marchand leaves France to advance on Fashoda and claim Sudan.
1913 - Bulgarian forces attack Serbian and Greek troops in Macedonia, sparking Second Balkan War. Bulgarians are defeated in August.
1939 - First commercial plane flight from United States to Europe is completed as Dixie Clipper lands at Lisbon, Portugal.
1943 - U.S. forces land on New Guinea in Pacific in World War II.
1946 - British arrest more than 2,700 Jews in Palestine in attempt to stamp out terrorism.
1949 - South Africa begins implementing apartheid, its racial segregation rules.
1963 - Dispute between Soviet Union and China worsens as Soviets demand recall of three officials at Chinese embassy in Moscow.
1966 - Hanoi, North Vietnam’s capital, and Haiphong, its principal port, are bombed by United States for first time in Vietnam War.
1967 - Israel defies international protests and unites divided city of Jerusalem for first time in two decades, following victory in Six-Day War.
1974 - Soviet ballet star Mikhail Baryshnikov, touring with the Bolshoi Ballet, defects in Toronto, Canada.
1990 - Lithuanian parliament agrees to a 100-day moratorium on declaration of independence in exchange for an end to the economic blockade ordered by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
1992 - Mohammed Boudfiaf, head of the Algerian ruling council, is assassinated.
1995 - A posh five-story department store in Seoul, South Korea, collapses, killing at least 114 people and injuring 910.
1999 - A pre-dawn fire sweeps through a three-story summer camp in Hwasung, South Korea killing 23 kindergarten and grade school children.
2001 - U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan is unanimously re-elected to a second term by 189-member General Assembly.
2002 - A North Korean navy vessel sinks a South Korean naval patrol boat in an exchange of fire in the Yellow Sea. Four South Korean sailors are killed in the battle and 19 were injured.
2004 - The U.S. military announces the formation of a five-member military tribunal to preside over the first trials of terror suspects held at its naval base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
2006 - Female voters in Kuwait cast ballots in parliamentary elections for the first time.
2008 - Zimbabwe’s longtime ruler Robert Mugabe is sworn in as president for a sixth term.
2009 - Iraqi forces assume formal control of Baghdad and other cities after American troops hand over security in urban areas in a defining step toward ending the U.S. combat role in the country.
2011 - Greece fends off a bankruptcy that threatened to roil global financial markets, approving severe spending cuts and tax increases in the face of violent protests by Greeks who say they have suffered enough.
2013 - Thousands of Egyptians take to the streets on the anniversary of the inauguration of President Mohammed Morsi, demanding his resignation.
2014 - The al-Qaida breakaway group that has seized much of northeastern Syria and huge tracts of neighboring Iraq formally declares the establishment of a new Islamic state.
Giacomo Leopardi, Italian author/philosopher (1798-1837); Pietro Angelo Secchi, Italian Jesuit/astrophysicist (1818-1878); George Washington Goethals, U.S. builder of Panama Canal (1858-1928); Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French aviator and writer (1900-1944); Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (1911-2004); Robert Evans, producer/former actor (1930--); Gary Busey, actor (1944--).
Thought For Today:
Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers — Lord Alfred Tennyson, English poet (1809-1892).