Orion Engineered Carbons S.A. Announces Second Quarter 2018 Financial Results
LUXEMBOURG--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 2, 2018--Orion Engineered Carbons S.A. (“Orion” or the “Company”) (NYSE: OEC), a worldwide supplier of specialty and high-performance carbon black, today announced results for its second quarter of 2018.
“We turned in another strong quarter this year executing well on our plans to grow with the markets while improving price in our two segments. We are quite pleased with the performance of both business segments during this first half of 2018. Our end markets remained strong in all regions of the world and our industry segments all supported profitable growth. The headwinds of rising feedstocks were successfully offset by price increases in the Specialty segment, while healthy demand for Rubber blacks has kept our plants operating at a high utilization rates. This favorable supply/demand balance supported stronger spot pricing during the year but more importantly establishes a strong backdrop for the negotiations in this segment for next year. It was another record quarter with our Adjusted EBITDA reaching $81 million,” said Jack Clem, Orion’s Chief Executive Officer.
“We raised base prices across all regions and segments of our Specialties business and as a result we saw a good recovery in gross profit per ton, growing sequentially from $781 to $856 and on a year over year basis was up by $94 per ton aided also by a favorable foreign exchange. Specialty sales volumes in the second quarter were the second highest on record only after the first quarter 2018 record volumes.
We completed the full realignment of the South Korean production footprint this quarter and sold the real estate in the suburb of Seoul at a price in line with expectations and a completion well ahead of schedule. The new Specialty line at our facility in Italy is on schedule to begin production in the fourth quarter of 2019. These continuing initiatives to improve production capability, upgrade mix and improve prices, along with favorable demand/supply dynamics, position us well to take full advantage of improving global economic conditions,” said Mr. Clem.
Second Quarter 2018 Overview
Total volumes increased by 3.4% or 9.1 kmt to 275.6 kmt in the second quarter of 2018 compared to 266.6 kmt in the second quarter of 2017. This 3.4% increase reflected stronger volumes in both segments particularly in North America and Europe.
Revenues increased by $62.0 million, or 18.8%, to $391.6 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $329.6 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily due to the pass through of higher feedstock costs, positive foreign exchange rate translation impacts, increased volumes, increases in the base selling prices and, to a lesser extent, product mix.
Contribution Margin increased strongly by $25.3 million, or 19.5%, to $155.1 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $129.8 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily driven by positive foreign exchange rate translation impacts and base price increases as well as volume growth, pass through of higher feedstock cost and increased cogeneration income, somewhat offset by negative feedstock differentials.
The operating result also increased strongly by $44.3 million, or 115.7% to $82.5 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $38.2 million in the second quarter of 2017, reflecting the increase in contribution margin as well as a favorable impact from our Rubber footprint restructuring resulting in a gain of $29.8 million associated with the sale of the former plant site in Seoul, South Korea due to the consolidation of the two South Korean production sites.
The strong increase in Adjusted EBITDA of $16.8 million, or 26.1%, to $81.1 million in second quarter of 2018 compared to $64.3 million in the second quarter of 2017 reflected the increases in Contribution Margin, partially offset by fixed and general administrative cost increases as well as negative foreign exchange rate translation impacts associated with our fixed cost base. The restructuring gain on sale of our former plant site in South Korea is not included in Adjusted EBITDA for the current quarter.
As a result, net income for the second quarter of 2018 increased by $34.3 million, or 185.9%, to $52.7 million as compared to $18.4 million in the second quarter of 2017.
Quarterly Business Results
Volume for the Specialty Carbon Black business increased by 3.9% to 67.8 kmt in the second quarter of 2018 from 65.3 kmt in the second quarter of 2017, reflecting growth in the U.S., Korea and China.
Revenue of the Specialty business increased by $20.4 million, or 16.6%, to $142.7 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $122.3 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily associated with increased product base prices, positive foreign exchange rate translation impacts, increased volumes and pass through of higher cost of feedstock to customers with index-pricing agreements, partially offset by some product mix impacts.
Gross Profit increased by $8.2 million, or 16.7%, to $58.0 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $49.8 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily reflecting positive foreign exchange rate translation impacts, increased product base prices and the increase in sales volumes offset partially by some higher fixed costs and product mix effects. As a result Gross Profit per metric ton increased significantly by 12.3% to $856 in the second quarter of 2018 from $762 in the second quarter of 2017. Sequentially, Gross Profit per ton was up 9.6% from the first quarter of 2018 which reflects further price recovery offsetting higher feedstock costs.
Adjusted EBITDA increased by $6.8 million, or 17.8%, to $45.2 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $38.4 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily reflecting the development of Gross Profit, somewhat offset by increases in general administrative costs and foreign exchange rate translation impacts associated with our cost base. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 31.7% in the second quarter of 2018 compared to 31.3% in the second quarter of 2017.
Industry demand for Rubber Carbon Black remained strong in the second quarter of 2018 contributing to an increase in sales volume of 3.2% to 207.8 kmt in the second quarter of 2018 compared to 201.3 kmt in the second quarter of 2017. This increase in volume was associated with increased volumes in Europe and the U.S.
Revenue increased by $41.6 million, or 20.1%, to $248.9 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $207.3 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily due to the pass through of higher cost of feedstock to customers with index-pricing agreements, positive foreign exchange rate translation effects, positive impacts from our product mix, increased sales volumes and base price improvements.
Gross Profit increased by $11.6 million, or 26.9%, to $54.7 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $43.1 million in the second quarter of 2017. This Gross Profit increase was primarily due to increased contract base prices, the pass through of higher cost of feedstock to customers with index-pricing agreements, product mix, higher sales volumes and positive foreign exchange rate translation effects, which were partially offset by higher fixed costs. Accordingly, Gross Profit per metric ton increased by 22.9% to $263 in the second quarter of 2018 from $214 in the second quarter of 2017.
Adjusted EBITDA increased by $9.9 million, or 38.4% to $35.9 million in the second quarter of 2018 from $26.0 million in the second quarter of 2017, primarily reflecting the development of Gross Profit, partially offset by higher general administrative expenses and foreign exchange translation impacts associated with our fixed cost base.
Adjusted EBITDA margin was 14.4% in the second quarter of 2018 as compared to 12.5% in the second quarter of 2017.
Balance Sheet and Cash Flow
As of June 30, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $73.5 million, a increase of $1.2 million from December 31, 2017 with increases in working capital associated with recent increases in feedstock prices being offset by proceeds from the sale of our former plant site in South Korea.
The Company’s reported non-current indebtedness as of June 30, 2018 was $664.4 million, composed of the non-current portion of term loan liabilities of $660.1 million ($660.8 million gross term loan liabilities reduced by capitalized transaction costs of $0.7 million) and non-current debt from financial derivatives of $4.3 million.
Our net cash at June 30, 2018 totaled $65.2 million, composed of cash and cash equivalents of $73.5 million less the current portion of term loan liabilities of $8.3 million. Accordingly, net indebtedness was $595.7 million, composed of gross term loan liabilities of $660.8 million, less net cash of $65.2 million. This represents a LTM Adjusted EBITDA multiple of 2.1 times, compared to 2.3 times at the end of last year. Capitalized transaction costs as well as non-current debt from financial derivatives are disregarded in computing net indebtedness under our lending agreements.
Cash inflows from operating activities in the second quarter of 2018 amounted to $19.4 million and include cash uses of net working capital of $26.1 million compared to a net working capital use of $0.1 million in second quarter of 2017 and consist of a consolidated profit for the period of $52.7 million, adjusted for depreciation and amortization of $24.2 million and the exclusion of finance costs, net of $9.4 million affecting net income. Net working capital totaled $288.7 million as of June 30, 2018, compared to $224.0 million as of December 31, 2017, reflecting the impact of higher feedstock prices as well as foreign exchange rate translation effects.
Cash inflows from investing activities in the second quarter of 2018 amounted to $30.7 million, and comprised the proceeds from our land sale in Korea less expenditures for improvements primarily in the manufacturing network throughout the production system including further investments to conclude the consolidation of our South Korean plant network, which was completed at the end of this quarter.
Cash outflows for financing activities in the second quarter of 2018 amounted to $32.9 million consisted primarily of a $12.2 million repayment of local bank facilities, a dividend payment totaling $11.9 million, our regular interest payments for our term loan facilities of $5.4 million and regular debt repayment of $2.1 million.
2018 Full Year Outlook
“Our strategy of profitable growth and improved production capabilities, along with improving demand/supply dynamics, keep us well positioned to take full advantage of improving global economic conditions. Having posted strong results for the first half of the year, boosted by healthy foreign exchange tailwinds, we expect that the benefits from foreign exchange will subside in the second half. This should moderate Specialty gross profit per ton off an exceptionally high second quarter level.
“Taking all of this into consideration, we are raising the floor of our Adjusted EBITDA guidance range and now expect to generate full year Adjusted EBITDA of $285 million to $300 million, with a weighting above the midpoint of this range assuming current exchange rates, feedstock cost levels and customer demand levels throughout the second half of 2018,” stated Mr. Clem.
Other guidance metrics for 2018 include shares outstanding of 59.7 million reflecting the vesting of part of the long term incentive program for senior management, an underlying tax rate of 32% on pre-tax income, and capital expenditures reflecting an operating run rate consistent with the past of approximately $100 million before expenditures associated with the consolidation of the Company’s plants in South Korea and EPA related capex. Depreciation is estimated to be approximately $75 million, and amortization is estimated to be approximately $25 million (including amortization of acquired intangibles of about $16 million) in 2018.
As previously announced, Orion will hold a conference call tomorrow, Friday, August 3, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EST). The dial-in details for the live conference call are as follow:
A replay of the conference call may be accessed by phone at the following numbers through August 10, 2018:
Additionally, an archived webcast of the conference call will be available on the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at: www.orioncarbons.com.
To learn more about Orion, visit the Company’s website at www.orioncarbons.com. Orion uses its website as a channel of distribution for material Company information. Financial and other material information regarding Orion is routinely posted on the Company’s website and is readily accessible.
About Orion Engineered Carbons
Orion is a worldwide supplier of Carbon Black. We produce high-performance as well as standard Gas Blacks, Furnace Blacks, Lamp Blacks, Thermal Blacks and other Specialty Carbon Blacks that tint, colorize and enhance the performance of polymers, plastics, paints and coatings, inks and toners, textile fibers, adhesives and sealants, tires, and mechanical rubber goods such as automotive belts and hoses. Orion has 13 global production sites and four Technology Centers with 1,427 employees. For more information visit our website www.orioncarbons.com.
Forward Looking Statements
This document contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to our financial condition, results of operations and business, including those in the “2018 Full Year Outlook” and “Quarterly Business Results” sections above. These statements constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements are statements of future expectations that are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, performance or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in these statements. Forward-looking statements include, among others, statements concerning the potential exposure to market risks, statements expressing management’s expectations, beliefs, estimates, forecasts, projections and assumptions and statements that are not limited to statements of historical or present facts or conditions. Some of these statements can be identified by terms and phrases such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “continue,” “could,” “should,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “predict” and similar expressions. Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements include those factors detailed under the captions “Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2017 and in Note 10 to our audited consolidated financial statements regarding contingent liabilities, including litigation. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Each forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of the particular statement. New risk factors and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement - including those in the “2018 Full Year Outlook” and “Quarterly Business Results” sections above - as a result of new information, future events or other information, other than as required by applicable law.
U.S. Dollar Reporting
This quarter marks the second quarter we are reporting our results in U.S. dollars rather than Euro. As noted previously, we also plan to convert our financial statements from IFRS to U.S. GAAP, effective by the end of 2018. We believe both the switch to U.S. dollar reporting and the anticipated adoption of U.S. GAAP will benefit investors by allowing more direct comparisons between our results and those of some of our peers. These measures are also among the conditions for inclusion of our stock in certain U.S. equity indices, which may lead to additional demand for Orion’s stock from index funds and index-driven investors. Some indices have additional requirements for inclusion. We are analyzing the feasibility of meeting such requirements and the associated costs and issues raised thereby, including those relating to the tax position of Orion and other members of the group. This analysis is ongoing and we can give no assurances regarding the outcome.
Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures
In this release we refer to Adjusted EBITDA, Contribution Margin and Adjusted EPS, which are financial measures that have not been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IFRS”) or the accounting standards of any other jurisdiction and may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as operating result (EBIT) before depreciation and amortization, adjusted for acquisition related expenses, restructuring expenses, consulting fees related to group strategy, share of profit or loss of joint venture and certain other items. Adjusted EBITDA is used by our management to evaluate our operating performance and make decisions regarding allocation of capital because it excludes the effects of certain items that have less bearing on the performance of our underlying core business. Our use of Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our financial results as reported under IFRS. Some of these limitations are: (a) although Adjusted EBITDA excludes the impact of depreciation and amortization, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future and thus the cost of replacing assets or acquiring new assets, which will affect our operating results over time, is not reflected; (b) Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect interest or certain other costs that we will continue to incur over time and will adversely affect our profit or loss, which is the ultimate measure of our financial performance and (c) other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate Adjusted EBITDA or similarly titled measures differently. Because of these and other limitations, you should consider Adjusted EBITDA alongside our other IFRS-based financial performance measures, such as consolidated profit or loss for the period.
Contribution Margin is calculated by subtracting variable costs (such as raw materials, packaging, utilities and distribution costs) from our revenue. We believe that Contribution Margin and Contribution Margin per Metric Ton are useful because we see these measures as indicating the portion of revenue that is not consumed by such variable costs and therefore contributes to the coverage of all other costs and profits.
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