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Samuel C. Brownstein

December 6, 1996

WABAN, Mass. (AP) _ Samuel C. Brownstein, who guided millions of high school seniors through Scholastic Aptitude Test and co-wrote ``How to prepare for the S.A.T.,″ died Monday. He was 87.

The book that guides test-takers through the intricacies of the Scholastic Assessment Test, as it is now called, is in its 18th edition and has sold more than 4 million copies.

Brownstein, who earned a master’s degree in microbiology from Columbia University, was teaching biology at a Brooklyn high school when he and fellow teacher Mitchel Weiner began offering classes on preparing for college exams.

Their work came to the attention of Manuel H. Barron, who headed a company that published test preparation guides, and in 1952 ``Barron’s How to Prepare for the College Entrance Examinations″ was published.

Brownstein wrote or contributed to at least 19 test-preparation books, including guides to taking the Graduate Record Examination.

Brownstein retired from teaching in 1968. His co-author, Mitchel Weiner, died years ago.

Bill Janss

BOISE, Idaho (AP) _ Bill Janss, a ski-business innovator who transformed Sun Valley into a year-round resort, died of cancer Wednesday. He was 78.

Janss, who took over Sun Valley four years after his family bought it from the Union Pacific Railroad in 1964, revived and developed it into America’s top ski resort as ranked by Skiing magazine.

Janss was a member of the 1940 U.S. Olympic Ski Team, although the Olympics were canceled by World War II. In 1978, he was elected to the National Ski Hall of Fame.

That same year, Janss sold Sun Valley to Wyoming hotel and oil magnate Earle Holding after a severe winter drought cut back resort operations.

Babrak Karmal

MOSCOW (AP) _ Babrak Karmal, a Soviet-backed leader who ruled Afghanistan in the 1980s during that country’s bitter civil war, died of liver cancer on Sunday. He was 67.

Afghanistan, one of the world’s poorest nations, was in turmoil from the day Karmal came to power in 1979 until the day he resigned in 1986.

Moscow installed Karmal as Afghanistan’s Communist ruler after Soviet troops attacked and killed Afghan leader Hafizullah Amin, in a coup.

The following day, Karmal reportedly requested Soviet troops to quell the growing turmoil in the Central Asian nation on the southern border of the Soviet Union. It was widely believed, however, that Moscow had made the decision to intervene in Afghanistan before Karmal ever came to power.

Islamic rebels, backed by the United States, soon took up arms against Karmal’s regime and Afghanistan became one of the main Cold War battlefields in the 1980s.

Karmal was loyal to Moscow throughout his rule and depended on the Soviet Union’s more than 100,000 troops to keep him in power.

George L. Kerns Sr.

CHERRY HILL, N.J. (AP) _ George L. Kerns Sr., a reporter at the Evening Bulletin in Philadelphia for 40 years, died Tuesday. He was 71.

An Army veteran who served in World War II, Kerns worked at the Bulletin for four decades until the newspaper closed in 1982. He later served as a spokesman for the Camden County Prosecutor’s Office until retiring in 1991.

Kerns was a member of the Philadelphia Press Association.

Survivors include his wife, Evelyn; a son, two daughters, and five grandchildren.

John Vassall

LONDON (AP) _ John Vassall, who admitted spying for the KGB and was sent to prison in 1962, died Nov. 18. of a heart attack. He was 71.

Vassall, who changed his name to John Phillips after he was freed in 1972, was blackmailed into spying for the Soviet Union after being photographed with a homosexual partner when he was a junior naval attache in the British Embassy in Moscow in the 1950s.

On his return to Britain, Vassall was appointed assistant private secretary to a naval minister and continued to sell secrets to the KGB.

When his apartment in central London was raided in 1962, intelligence agents found 140 photographs of secret documents.

Vassall’s treachery led to a major overhaul of the navy’s security practices.

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