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Stroessner’s Fall Latest Change in South America With PM-Paraguay Bjt

February 4, 1989

Undated (AP) _ The fall of Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, who seized power in Paraguay in 1954 and ruled for nearly 35 years until Friday, is the latest major change in South America’s political landscape. Here is a review:

ARGENTINA (population 31.5 million) - Returned to civilian government in December 1983, when power was transferred to President Raul Alfonsin by the last of four military juntas that had ruled since 1976. Elections are planned for May.

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BOLIVIA (population 6.5 million) - The military stepped down in 1982 and elected President Hernan Siles Zuazo took office. His term was to last four years, but widespread discontent forced early elections and Victor Paz Estenssoro assumed office in 1985. Elections are planned for May.

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BRAZIL (population 140 million) - Jose Sarney, a civilian, took office as president in March 1985, ending 21 years of military rule. Sarney took the place of Tancredo Neves, who died hours before his scheduled inauguration. Sarney had been chosen as Neves’ vice president. Elections are planned for November.

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CHILE (population 12 million) - In October, voters rejected a proposal to extend by eight years the presidency of Gen. Augusto Pinochet, who took power in a September 1973 coup. A civilian successor is to be elected in December 1989, with the transfer of power scheduled for March 1990.

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COLOMBIA (population 20.5 million) - Since the fall of military dictator Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in 1957, civilian presidents have been elected every four years. The next election is scheduled for May 1990, when the term of President Virgilio Barco expires.

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ECUADOR (population 10.5 million) - A decade of military control ended in 1978 with the election of civilian Jaime Roldos as president. Two elections later, President Rodrigo Borjas began a five-year term in August.

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PARAGUAY (population 3.8 million) - Gen. Alfredo Stroessner seized power in 1954 and won re-election as president every five years since, but charges of vote fraud were common. The next election had been planned for 1993, but he was overthrown Friday by a close associate, Gen. Andres Rodriguez.

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PERU (population 20 million) - Twelve years of military rule ended in July 1980 with the inauguration of Fernando Belaunde as president. Five years later, Belaunde handed the presidency to Alan Garcia, the first democratic transition in decades. Garcia’s term ends in 1990.

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URUGUAY (population 3 million) - Civilian Julio Sanguinetti, an attorney, began a five-year presidential term in 1985, ending 12 years of military rule. Elections are scheduled for November.

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VENEZUELA (population 19 million) - A civilian-military rebellion in January 1958 ended nearly five decades of military dictatorship during which democratic governments were few and short-lived. Civilian presidents have been elected every five years since, including Carlos Andres Perez, who took office Thursday.

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