Monday, April 13
Today is Monday, April 13, the 103rd day of 2015. There are 262 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1528 - Pope Clement VII establishes a commission to determine the validity of King Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon in England.
1589 - Britain’s Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norris launch expedition of 150 ships and 18,000 men to Portugal.
1598 - France’s King Henry IV, formerly a Protestant, signs Edict of Nantes, granting a large measure of religious liberty to Protestant Huguenots and ending 40 years of religious strife and civil war.
1742 - G. F. Handel conducts first performance of the “Messiah” in Dublin.
1772 - Warren Hastings is appointed Governor of Bengal in India. He later sets up the first colonial administration in Bengal.
1796 - French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte defeat Austrians at Millesimo in northern Italy.
1848 - Sicily is declared independent of Naples.
1868 - British forces under Robert Napier capture Magdala in Ethiopia.
1909 - Army counterrevolution in Constantinople against rule of Mohammedan Union in what is now Turkey.
1919 - British troops fire on a political gathering in Amritsar, India, killing 379 people.
1923 - The Illinois state legislature votes to allow women to serve on juries.
1943 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1961 - U.N. General Assembly condemns South African apartheid.
1964 - Sidney Poitier becomes the first black to win an Academy Award for best actor, for his role in “Lilies of the Field.”
1975 - Fighting rages in South Vietnam’s Mekong Delta as Communists drive to take city of Xuan Loc; civil war breaks out in Lebanon.
1981 - Washington Post reporter Janet Cooke receives a Pulitzer Prize for her feature about an 8-year-old heroin addict named “Jimmy.” Cooke relinquishes the prize two days later, admitting she had fabricated the story.
1986 - Stampede by Hindu pilgrims kills at least 46 people and injures 39 others at a religious festival northeast of New Delhi; Pope John Paul II visits a Rome synagogue in the first recorded papal visit of its kind.
1989 - Independent Solidarity trade union in Poland files for registration after seven-year ban.
1990 - The Soviet Union accepts responsibility for the World War II murders of thousands of imprisoned Polish officers in the Katyn Forest, a massacre the Soviets had previously blamed on the Nazis.
1992 - Hundreds of foreigners scramble for seats on the last flight out of Libya before sanctions seal off the country.
1994 - An apparent suicide bomb rips though a bus jammed with soldiers and civilians, killing six people and wounding 28 in Hadera, Israel.
1995 - Ukraine agrees to close by 2000 the Chernobyl nuclear reactor, the site of an accident in 1986 that resulted in massive radioactive pollution.
1996 - Warring factions in Liberia negotiate a cease-fire with help from visiting West African politicians as nearly 1,500 terrified foreigners flee.
2000 - A Zimbabwe court rules that the government and police must bring an end to black squatters’ occupations of white-owned farms.
2002 - The Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, the Netherlands, defines the 1,000-kilometer (620-mile) shared border between Ethiopia and Eritrea, ending a dispute that sparked a 1998-2000 war between the two African nations.
2007 - Unidentified gunmen kill top Nigerian Muslim hard-liner Mahmud Adam as he leads morning prayers along with his second-in-command in the northern city of Kano.
2008 - Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki names Raila Odinga as prime minister, implementing a long-awaited power-sharing deal that the two rivals signed more than a month earlier to resolve a protracted political crisis.
2010 - President Barack Obama gives a surprisingly downbeat assessment of the chances for a U.S.-brokered peace settlement in the Middle East, saying that the United States cannot help if Israel and the Palestinians decide they cannot negotiate.
2011 - NATO launches new airstrikes on targets held by Moammar Gadhafi as the rebel movement urges a stronger air campaign that will allow them to advance on Gadhafi’s territory.
2013 -The U.S. and China agree to rid North Korea of nuclear weapons in a test of whether the world powers can shelve years of rivalry and discord and unite in fostering global stability.
2014 - The world’s top financial officials say they believe the global economy is strengthening but that growth remains fragile and open to risks of new geopolitical strife, as in Ukraine.
Thomas Jefferson, U.S. president (1743-1826); Lily Pons, French opera singer (1904-1976); Samuel Beckett, Irish writer (1906-1989); Seamus Heaney, Irish poet and Nobel laureate (1939-2013); Paul Sorvino, U.S. actor (1939--); Garry Kasparov, Russian world chess champion (1963--); Ricky Schroder, U.S. actor (1970--); Al Green, U.S. R-and-B singer (1946--).
Thought For Today:
In most things success depends on knowing how long it takes to succeed — Charles Louis de Montesquieu, French philosopher (1689-1755).