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Sudan Lawmakers Urge Defiance, But Arab States Mostly Join In With AM-Libya, Bjt

April 15, 1992

LONDON (AP) _ Sudan’s parliament urged its government Wednesday to ignore U.N. sanctions on Libya, but many Arab nations appeared to be complying despite their citizens’ approval of Col. Moammar Gadhafi’s stand against the West.

Governments around the world began implementing embargoes on arms sales and air traffic to Libya and reducing the size of Libyan diplomatic staffs.

France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Belgium, Denmark, Spain and Japan told two dozen Libyan diplomats to go home. The United States, which does not have diplomatic relations with Libya, said it would expel some officials at Libya’s mission to the United Nations but did not say how many.

Switzerland, which is not a member of the United Nations and has a long tradition of neutrality in international disputes, said it would observe the sanctions.

″It’s important that the international community in all ways combats international terrorism,″ said Sweden’s foreign minister, Margaretha af Ugglas.

Libya’s official news agency said Gadhafi’s government planned to reciprocate against countries expelling its diplomats, but gave no details. Libya remained defiant, saying Arabs would ″kneel to no one″ but Allah.

The attempt to force Libya to surrender two men indicted for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, drew strong condemnations from many Arabs and Muslims.

A Lebanese newspaper likened the campaign against Libya as a ″new Crusade″ against the Arab world. In Jordan, the pro-government newspaper Ash- Shaab declared that the sanctions were just the first step toward ″an idiotic and crazy American military assault against Libya.″

A crowd of Muslim women burned an effigy of Uncle Sam in Manila, Philippines, and hundreds of Muslim demonstrators in New Delhi, India, burned an effigy of President Bush.

Pamela Dix, whose brother, Peter Dix, died in the Flight 103 bombing, laid a wreath outside the U.S. Embassy in London and said she opposed the sanctions because the focus on Libya distracted attention from ″other parties who may be involved in the disaster.″

An Egyptian railroad employee, Magdi Tawfiq, stood in Cairo’s central Tahrir Square with a sign proclaiming ″Reagan should be tried instead of the two Libyan suspects.″ He was taken away by police under an emergency 1981 law saying citizens can be detained for demonstrating without a permit.

Despite the sympathy for Libya, many Arab governments seemed inclined to go along with the U.N. Security Council.

Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and Jordan all halted flights to and from Libya. Egyptian officials said they turned back one Libyan jetliner that wanted to go to Cairo and another trying to cross Egypt on a flight to Jordan.

Malta, which has extensive trade with Libya and lies 190 miles north in the Mediterranean, forced a Libyan Arab Airlines jet to return home Wednesday night. Turkey, a non-Arab Muslim nation, also suspended air traffic.

Libya got support from Syria’s state-run radio. Iraq, itself still subject to much tougher U.N. sanctions from the Gulf War, urged Arab nations to stand with Gadhafi.

In Sudan, which abuts Libya, lawmakers called the sanctions an ″international crime″ and passed a resolution urging the government to reject them. But it was not clear how the government of Lt. Gen. Oma Hassan el-Bashir stood.

There were cracks in the embargo. Tunisia’s domestic airline, Tuninter, and Turkish Airlines were organizing new flights to Jerba Island on the Libyan border to accommodate travel to Libya. Ferry service also was being beefed up from Libya to Malta, a nearby island nation in the Mediterranean.

In Beijing, U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said he would seek ways to peacefully compel Libya to surrender the Lockerbie suspects.

President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt, who sought to mediate the dispute, also pledged to continue working for a diplomatic settlement, but he also hinted at possible tougher international measures.

″If there are no political solutions, no one can predict how far the escalation will go,″ he said.

British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd said oil sanctions could be the next step if Gadhafi persisted in refusing to surrender the two Libyans for trial in Britain or the United States.

″We are deliberately taking it one step at a time ... We hope the existing measures will be persuasive,″ Hurd said.

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