Saturday, June 6
Today is Saturday, June 6, the 157th day of 2015. There are 208 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1520 - England’s King Henry VIII and France’s King Francis I sign treaty ending French interference in Scotland.
1523 - Gustav Vasa is crowned king of Sweden, establishing Swedish independence from Denmark.
1654 - Sweden’s Queen Christina abdicates, shocking Europe, and is succeeded by Charles X. She later moves to Rome and becomes a patroness of the arts.
1660 - Peace of Copenhagen ends a generation of war between Sweden and Denmark and fixes the borders the way they are today, with Denmark regaining Fyn and Bornholm from Sweden.
1797 - Napoleon Bonaparte forms Ligurian Republic in Genoa.
1860 - Volunteers and Sicilians under Giuseppe Garibaldi seize Palermo from Neapolitan forces.
1871 - Alsace is annexed to Germany after French army is defeated in Franco-Prussian War.
1884 - Under Treaty of Hue, emperor of Vietnam recognizes French protectorate.
1944 - “D-Day”: Allied troops land on German-held beaches in Normandy, France.
1964 - Malawi gains independence from Britain with Kamuzu Banda as prime minister.
1967 - Egyptians close Suez Canal during Six-Day Arab-Israeli War. It remains closed to international shipping for eight years.
1972 - Coal mine explosion in Rhodesia kills 431 workers.
1973 - West Germany completes ratification of treaty to normalize its relations with East Germany.
1982 - Israel invades Lebanon with 60,000 troops to drive out Palestine Liberation Organization.
1985 - Israel withdraws bulk of its troops from Lebanon after three-year occupation, but retains border strip.
1988 - War between guerrillas and Afghan government forces enters new stage as Soviet troops proceed with their withdrawal from Afghanistan.
1993 - At least 460 refugees, most of them women and children, are massacred in Liberia, allegedly by rebels led by faction leader Charles Taylor.
1994 - An earthquake in Colombia sets off a landslide that buries several villages, killing as many as 1,000 people and leaving thousands more homeless.
1996 - Turkish Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz resigns paving the way for the first Islamic-led government in history of modern Turkey.
1997 - German authorities decide to place the Scientology movement under surveillance for one year, claiming the group is aiming to undermine democratic society.
2000 - A former Japanese doomsday cult leader is sentenced to life in prison for the 1995 nerve gas attack on the Tokyo subways that killed 12 people and sickened thousands.
2003 - A female suicide bomber kills herself and at least 17 others as she tries to board a bus in Russia’s North Ossetia republic, which shares a border with the rebellious republic of Chechnya.
2005 - The International Criminal Court announces the investigation of alleged war crimes in Sudan’s Darfur region, where an estimated 180,000 people have died and 2 million have been displaced since the conflict began in 2003.
2008 - Bombs rip through two buses in Sri Lanka, including one packed with commuters near the country’s heavily fortified capital, officials say. At least 23 people were killed and 67 wounded.
2009 - President Barack Obama honors valiant dead and the improbability of their D-Day victory, commemorating the 65th anniversary of the decisive World War II invasion.
2011 — An erupting Chilean volcano sends a towering plume of ash across South America, forcing thousands from their homes, grounding airline flights in southern Argentina and coating ski resorts with a gritty layer of dust instead of snow.
2013 — A leaked document lays bare the monumental scope of the U.S. government’s telephone surveillance program that besides collecting records of hundreds of millions of on Americans’ calls included listening in on some foreign leaders, most notably German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
2014 — A dwindling number of veterans and 19 world leaders and monarchs celebrate the 70th anniversary the D-Day invasion on the beaches of Normandy.
Thomas Mann, German novelist (1875-1955); Sukarno, Indonesia’s first president (1901-1970); Aram Khachaturian, Soviet composer (1903-1978); Levi Stubbs, lead singer with The Four Tops (1936-2008); Harvey Fierstein, U.S. actor (1954--); Sandra Bernhard, U.S. actress/comedian (1955--); Bjorn Borg, Swedish tennis player (1956--); Paul Giamatti, U.S. actor (1967--).
Thought For Today:
All the historical books which contain no lies are extremely tedious — Anatole France, French writer (1844-1924).