Friday, May 15
Today is Friday, May 15, the 135th day of 2015. There are 230 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1536 - Anne Boleyn, wife of King Henry VIII, and her brother, Lord Rochford, are tried and found guilty in England of adultery and incest.
1602 - Bartholomew Gosnold, English navigator, discovers Cape Cod, on the U.S. coast of what is now Massachusetts.
1767 - Genoa sells island of Corsica to France.
1916 - Sykes-Picot agreement between Britain and France carves up Arab regions of former Ottoman empire.
1918 - The first experimental airmail route in the U.S. starts between Washington, Philadelphia and New York.
1923 - Britain formally recognizes Transjordan as independent state under Emir Abdullah.
1924 - U.S. Congress passes bill instituting immigrant quotas based on nationality.
1930 - Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, goes on duty aboard a United Airlines flight between San Francisco and Cheyenne, Wyoming.
1940 - The Netherlands surrenders to Germany in World War II.
1942 - Gasoline rationing goes into effect in 17 U.S. states, limiting sales to 11 liters (3 gallons) a week for nonessential vehicles.
1948 - The state of Israel, one day old, is attacked by Egyptian planes and invaded by troops from Lebanon and Transjordan.
1955 - Austrian state treaty is signed, ending 10 years of Allied occupation.
1957 - Britain explodes its first thermonuclear bomb in central Pacific.
1962 - President John F. Kennedy orders 4,000 more U.S. troops to be stationed in Thailand to counter threat in Laos.
1970 - Phillip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green, two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi, are killed when police open fire during student protests.
1989 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in Beijing declares an end to Sino-Soviet split.
1993 - An overwhelming majority of Bosnian Serbs vote against a peace accord which would have forced them to surrender some of the 70 percent of Bosnia they control.
1994 - Aid officials report that the death toll may have reached 200,000 in Rwanda, where Hutus are on a campaign of genocide against minority Tutsis since April 6.
1998 - To international condemnation, India declares itself a nuclear nation after five bomb tests the same week.
2001 - World Health Organization announces a plan to halt the spread of tuberculosis —which kills 2 million people each year — for less than half a billion dollars annually.
2002 - A former Croatian Serb rebel leader Milan Martic and an ex-Yugoslav army officer Gen. Mile Mrksic, turned themselves in to the U.N. war crimes tribunal in the Netherlands.
2005 - Insisting on obedience and missionary zeal, Pope Benedict XVI gives his church new priests in an elaborate ceremony in St. Peter’s Basilica, where nearly half of those ordained are from Africa and Latin America.
2007 - Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern becomes the first leader from Ireland to address the joint houses of the British Parliament, praising Britain and its departing leader, Tony Blair, for promoting peace in Northern Ireland.
2010 - A 16-year-old Australian, Jessica Wilson, becomes the youngest person to sail arouond the globe solo, nonstop and unassisted, setting foot on dry land after seven months in Sydney.
2011 - Thousands of Arab protesters march on Israel’s borders with Syria, Lebanon and Gaza in an unprecedented wave of demonstrations, sparking clashes that left at least 15 people dead in an annual Palestinian mourning ritual marking the anniversary of Israel’s birth.
2012 - Socialist Francois Hollande assumes France’s presidency, inheriting a country fearful for its financial future.
2013 — The Vatican orders a disgraced Scottish cardinal to leave Scotland for several months to pay and atone for sexual misconduct, issuing a rare public sanction against a ”’prince of the church” and the first such punishment meted out by Pope Francis.
2014 — Russian President Vladimir Putin says Ukraine must pay in advance for Russian Gas supplies starting next month, raising pressure on its struggling neighbor.
William Lamb, British statesman (1779-1852); Pierre Curie, French scientist (1859-1906); James Mason, British-born actor (1909-1984); Jasper Johns, U.S. artist (1930--); Trini Lopez, singer (1937--); Brian Eno, British composer and producer (1948--); Mike Oldfield, British composer (1953--).
Thought For Today:
He who speaks the truth must have one foot in the stirrup — Armenian proverb.