Friday, August 7
Today is Friday, August 7, the 219th day of 2015. There are 146 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1502 - French drive Spaniards from Canossa in southern Italy.
1647 - Oliver Cromwell’s parliamentary army marches into London after proposals to Crown are rejected.
1782 - Gen. George Washington creates the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.
1794 - The Whiskey Rebellion, a fight over taxes imposed on whiskey-making in the United States, takes place in Pennsylvania.
1804 - U.S. fleet bombards Mediterranean port of Tripoli, a pirate lair.
1819 - Simon Bolivar and Francisco de Paula Santander lead Colombian troops to victory against Spain in the Battle of Boyaca, effectively ending Spanish control of Nueva Granada.
1858 - First game of Australian Rules football reportedly played in Melbourne, with 40 players on each team and a pitch 800 meters long.
1912 - Russia and Japan sign an agreement determining spheres of influence in Mongolia and Manchuria.
1934 - U.S. Court of Appeals upholds a lower court ruling against the government’s attempt to ban the James Joyce novel “Ulysses.”
1941 - Soviet planes carry out their first bombing raids against Berlin, Germany, in World War II.
1942 - U.S. forces land on Guadalcanal in Pacific, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II.
1945 - Soviet Union declares war on Japan seven days before Japanese surrender in World War II.
1951 - As India and Pakistan call up military troops over Kashmir dispute, a U.N. mediator begins new efforts to negotiate an agreement between both countries.
1957 - An estimated 1,000 people are killed in Cali, Colombia, when a military truck convoy carrying dynamite and gasoline blows up, leveling eight city blocks and causing $10 million in damage.
1960 - Ivory Coast becomes independent of France.
1964 - The Warren Commission concludes that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy.
1968 - At the Paris peace talks, Vietnamese representatives press demands for an unconditional halt to the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam.
1974 - French stuntman Philippe Petit walks a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York’s World Trade Center.
1986 - Edward Lee Howard, a fugitive former CIA agent suspected of selling information, is granted political asylum in the Soviet Union.
1990 - U.S. President George H. W. Bush orders U.S. troops to Saudi Arabia to defend against Iraq and says U.S. ships will enforce U.N. embargo on Iraq.
1991 - Croatian government accepts a federal peace plan in Yugoslavia and says it will not be first to break a cease-fire in the republic.
1998 - Terrorist bombs explode minutes apart outside the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 224 people and injuring thousands.
2006 - Alvaro Uribe is inaugurated as president of Colombia for a second term, promising to seek an elusive peace with leftist rebels while maintaining hardline security policies.
2008 - A U.S. military jury sentences Osama bin Laden’s driver to 5 1/2 years for aiding terrorism, making him eligible for release in five months.
2009 - Pakistan’s Taliban chief, who has led a violent campaign of suicide attacks and assassinations against the Pakistani government, is killed in a U.S. missile strike.
2011 - New unrest erupts on north London’s streets, a day after rioting and looting in a deprived area amid community anger over a fatal police shooting.
2012 - Prosecutors call for three-year prison sentences for feminist punk rockers who gave an impromptu performance In Moscow’s main cathedral to call for an end to Vladimir Putin’s rule, in a case that has caused international outrage and split Russian society.
2013— President Barack Obama’s five-year effort to reboot U.S.-Russian relation s finally crashes as the White House abruptly cancels his planned face-to-face summit with President Vladimir Putin.
2014 — Russia retaliates for sanctions over the crisis in Ukraine by banning most food imports from the West.
Stanley J. Weyman, English author (1855-1928); Emil Nolde, German painter (1867-1956); Mata Hari, Dutch spy (1876-1917); Louis Leakey, British anthropologist (1903-1972); Ralph Bunche, U.S. diplomat and civil rights activist (1904-1971); Nicholas Ray, U.S. film director (1911-1979); Garrison Keillor, U.S. humorist (1942--); Charlize Theron, South African actress/model (1975--)
Thought For Today:
Civilization is a movement and not a condition, a voyage and not a harbor -- Arnold Toynbee, English historian (1889-1975).