Sunday, March 15
Today is Sunday March 15, the 74th day of 2015. There are 291 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
44 B.C. - Roman dictator Julius Caesar is assassinated by a group of Roman senators including Cassius and his friend Brutus. Caesar had been forewarned of the ‘Ides of March.’
1493 - Christopher Columbus returns to Spain, concluding his first voyage to the Western Hemisphere.
1603 - Samuel de Champlain, French navigator and explorer, sails for the New World.
1776 - U.S. Congress resolves that authority of British Crown should be suppressed.
1848 - Hungarian intellectuals stage bloodless revolution in Budapest against Austro-Hungarian empire. It is put down by Russian troops the next year.
1874 - France assumes protectorate over central Indochina region of Annam, which breaks off vassalage to China.
1875 - The Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York City, John McCloskey, is named the first American cardinal by Pope Pius IX.
1894 - France and Germany agree on boundaries between French Congo and Cameroons.
1903 - British conquest of northern Nigeria is complete.
1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson holds the first open presidential news conference.
1916 - U.S. force of 12,000 soldiers under Gen. John Pershing is ordered to Mexico to capture revolutionary leader Pancho Villa.
1917 - Czar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates after humiliating defeat by the Germans. The Russian state and military begin to dissolve.
1919 - The American Legion is founded in Paris.
1937 - The world’s first blood bank is established at Chicago’s Cook County Hospital by Dr. Bernard Fantus. It is a breakthrough for surgical procedures and emergency treatments.
1938 - Nazi Germany seizes Czechoslovakia with little resistance, after having annexed the Sudetenland, with its fortifications, the previous year.
1988 - Israeli authorities impose travel ban on Palestinians in occupied territories.
1989 - Soviet Union’s President Mikhail S. Gorbachev calls for rapid measures to ease chronic Soviet food shortages.
1990 - Iraq executes London newspaper reporter, Farzad Bazoft, after a closed-trial conviction for spying.
1991 - Serbian President Borisav Jovic resigns after the collective presidency fails to declare a nationwide state of emergency.
1992 - A second earthquake in a short time strikes eastern Turkey, killing an estimated 800 people.
1993 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin offers, after a meeting with U.S. President Bill Clinton, to surrender part of the Golan Heights to Syria.
1999 - Rosemary Nelson, a Northern Ireland attorney who represented Catholic clients in several high-profile cases, is killed by a car bomb. The outlawed anti-Catholic group Red Hand Defenders claims responsibility.
2001 - Armed Chechens hijack a Russian plane carrying 174 people after it takes off from Turkey and force it to land in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
2003 - Rebels led by ousted army chief General Francois Bozize capture the Central African Republic’s capital, Bangui, and the international airport while President Ange-Felix Patasse was out of the country. Bozize declared himself president.
2004 - Saudi security forces kill two militants, including one considered al-Qaida’s chief of operations on the Arabian Peninsula, in a shootout in the capital Riyadh.
2005 - A French court convicts six men in an alleged plot to send a suicide bomber into the U.S. Embassy in Paris, wrapping up a trial that shed light on the spread of Islamic radicals in Europe.
2006 - A Spanish boat recovers the bodies of 24 people believed to be African migrants floating in waters off the coast of Mauritania, hundreds of miles south of the Canary Islands.
2008 - China orders tourists out of Tibet’s capital while troops on foot and in armored vehicles patrol the streets and enforce a strict curfew, a day after riots that a Tibetan exile group says left at least 30 protesters dead.
2012 - Dozens of Iranian banks are blocked from doing business with much of the world as the West tightens the financial screws on a country it wants to prevent from developing nuclear weapons.
2013 - US plans to spend $1 billion to add 14 interceptors to an Alaska-based missile defense system, responding to what it sees as faster-than-anticipated North Korean progress on weapons and missiles.
2014 — Malaysia’s leader says the jetliner from his country missing for more than a week was deliberately diverted and continued flying for more than six hours after severing contact with the ground.v
Andrew Jackson, U.S. president (1767-1845); Charles de Montalembert, French author (1810-1870); Jules Chevalier, French priest/founder of Sacred Heart Missionaries (1824-1907); Henri Saint Cyr, Swedish equestrian/Olympic gold medalist (1902-1979); Harry James, U.S. bandleader (1916-1983); Judd Hirsch, U.S actor (1935--); Sly Stone, U.S. singer/musician (1943--); will.i.am, U.S. rapper/musician (1975--); Eva Longoria Parker, U.S. actress (1975--).
Thought For Today:
Sometimes it’s worse to win a fight than to lose — Billie Holiday, American singer (1915-1959).