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Millard Fillmore-1850-1853

February 13, 2019
Millard Fillmore

• Born: January 7th, 1800 in Cayuga County, NY

• Died: March 8th, 1874, Buffalo, NY

• Married to: Abigail Powers Fillmore and Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore

• Children: 2

• Other occupations: Farmer, Apprentice to a Cloth Dresser, Military, Lawyer, Congressman

• Party affiliation: Whig

• Vice President: none –

• Burial site: Forest lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, NY

Millard Fillmore went from a log cabin to the White House to become the United States’ 13th president.

He apprenticed to a tailor because of his limited education and later became a teacher and postmaster in Buffalo, N.Y., after buying out of his apprenticeship for $30.

Many details of his career were lost to history when all his private papers were burned by his son.

He was the perfect vice-presidential candidate to run with Zachary Taylor since he was calm and welldressed while Taylor was fiery and a “little careless” with his dress.

Taylor died after 16 months in office, and Fillmore became the “accidental president.”

Fillmore presided over the Senate during the months of the nerve-wracking debates over the compromise of 1850. When he became president, Taylor’s cabinet resigned and he appointed Daniel Webster his secretary of state, thus siding with the Whigs who favored the Compromise.

Clay left Washington a short time later, leaving his leadership role to Senator Stephen A. Douglass of Illinois, who presented five bills to the Senate: 1) admit California as a free state, 2) settle the Texas boundary and compensate her, 3) grant territorial status to New Mexico, 4) place federal officers at the disposal of slaveholders seeking fugitives, and 5) abolish the slave trade in the District of Columbia.

Fillmore signed them all into law.

He sought renomination by the Whigs in 1852 but was defeated by General Winfield Scott.

Four years later, he became the nominee of the American party called the “Know Nothings” and made a lively campaign but won only the electoral vote of Maryland.

He resumed the practice of law at Buffalo, taking little part in the Civil War. He died in Buffalo of old age in 1874.

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