Saturday, April 11
Today is Saturday, April 11, the 101st day of 2015. There are 264 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1564 - Peace of Troyes ends war between England and France.
1805 - Britain and Russia, by Treaty of St. Petersburg, agree to form a European league for liberation of German states, the Third Coalition against France.
1814 - Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates unconditionally as emperor of France and is banished to Elba by Treaty of Fontainebleau.
1843 - Britain separates Gambia from Sierra Leone as crown colony.
1894 - Uganda is declared a British protectorate.
1899 - The treaty ending the Spanish-American War is declared in effect; the Philippines are transferred from Spain to the United States.
1919 - New Zealanders vote in a referendum against prohibition.
1921 - Iowa becomes the first U.S. state to impose a cigarette tax.
1951 - U.S. President Harry Truman removes Gen. Douglas MacArthur from command in Asia.
1954 - Canberra-based Soviet diplomat-spy Vladimir Petrov renounces communism and seeks political asylum in Australia.
1961 - Nigeria imposes total boycott on trade with South Africa.
1970 - Apollo 13 blasts off on a mission to the moon that is disrupted when an explosion cripples the spacecraft; the astronauts manage to return safely.
1979 - Idi Amin is deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seize control.
1980 - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission issues regulations specifically prohibiting sexual harassment of workers by supervisors.
1981 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from the hospital, 12 days after he was wounded in an assassination attempt.
1986 - Washington state employees win a lawsuit requiring the state to pay women as much as men for comparable work.
1990 - Angolan government agrees to begin peace talks with rebel group UNITA in Portugal.
1991 - U.N. Security Council announces a formal end to the Gulf War, accepting Iraq’s pledge that it will pay for war damages and scrap its weapons of mass destruction.
1992 - The Yugoslav army seizes the town of Modrica, Bosnia, sending thousands of refugees fleeing toward Tuzla.
1993 - Despite appeals for calm, two whites are burned to death in South Africa by a black crowd, a day after the assassination of black leader Chris Hani.
1994 - U.S. President Bill Clinton orders trade sanctions against Taiwan for trafficking in endangered tiger and rhinoceros parts.
1997 - A multinational peacekeeping force lands in Albania in an attempt to curb violence and help humanitarian aid efforts.
1998 - The Cambodian army takes Anlong Veng, the last major Khmer Rouge base, sending the rebels fleeing into the jungle.
1999 - India tests an improved medium-range missile, capable of carrying a nuclear warhead more than 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles). Pakistan tests a similar missile two days later.
2001 - Israeli tanks and bulldozers rumble into the Khan Yunis refugee camp in Palestinian-controlled territory in the Gaza Strip, damaging 30 homes and triggering fighting that kills two Palestinians and wounds more than two dozen.
2003 - Hong Kong bans quarantined residents from leaving the city as the deadly SARS virus turns up in Indonesia and the Philippines, in both cases among foreigners who had recently been to Hong Kong.
2006 - Center-left economist Romano Prodi emerges the winner of Italy’s election by a razor-thin margin, promising to form a strong government able to run a deeply divided country mired in economic stagnation.
2007 - Powerful bombs rip through the Algerian prime minister’s office and a police station, killing 23 people and wounding 160 in an attack orchestrated by al-Qaida’s wing in North Africa. The premier escapes unharmed.
2009 - Protesters in Bangkok storm a summit of Asian leaders, breaking through glass doors to demand the resignation of Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva.
2011 - A bloody, four-month political standoff ends when troops loyal to Ivory Coast’s elected president — backed by French ground and air forces — capture the West African country’s longtime leader who had refused to give up power
2012 - Yemeni artillery and military aircraft backing pro-government tribesmen pound al-Qaida fighters trying to battle their way into a strategic town in the country’s south, while a U.S. airstrike kills at least 12 militants.
2013 - A U.S. intelligence report concludes that North Korea has advanced its nuclear know-how to the point that it could arm a ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead.
2014 — The United States blocks Iran’s controversial pick for envoy to the United Nations, a rare diplomatic rebuke that could stir fresh animosity between the two nations.i
John I, King of Portugal (1385-1433); George Canning, English statesman (1770-1827); Manuel Quintana, Spanish poet (1772-1857); John Davidson, Scottish poet/playwright (1857-1909); Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (1869-1943); Bill Irwin, U.S. actor (1950--); Joss Stone, British singer (1987--).
Thought for Today:
Only the vanquished remember history — Marshall McLuhan, Canadian communications theorist (1911-1980).