Saturday, July 11
Today is Saturday, July 11, the 192nd day of 2015. There are 173 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1533 - Pope Clement VII excommunicates England’s King Henry VIII after his first marriage to Catherine of Aragon is annulled so he can wed Anne Boleyn.
1572 - Sir Humphrey Gilbert, half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, lands in the Netherlands with a band of 1,500 English volunteers to fight the Spanish.
1614 - Swedish army under Jacob De La Gardie defeats Russian forces at Bronnitsy. Sweden gains a continuous territorial base extending from Finland to Estonia, which protects the Finnish frontier and blocks Russia from access to the Baltic Sea.
1810 - Napoleonic Empire annexes Holland.
1956 - Finno-Karelian Republic is abolished through incorporation into Soviet Union as Karelian Autonomous Republic.
1960 - Premier Moise Tshombe of Katanga, now part of Congo, proclaims independence of that province.
1963 - South African police raid the secret headquarters of the African National Congress in a farmhouse north of Johannesburg. Walter Sisulu and other leaders are arrested; Army in Ecuador ousts President Carlos Julio Arosemena, accusing him of being a communist sympathizer.
1967 - Communist-led mobs of Chinese in Hong Kong step up violent activities, and British authorities halt all public transport as a safety measure.
1971 - Moroccan government says leaders of a coup against King Hassan have been slain or arrested.
1978 - Truck carrying industrial gas explodes and sets fire to campsite on Mediterranean coast in Spain, killing at least 180 people.
1987 - United Nations proclaims newborn boy Matej Gaspar in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, in what is now Croatia, the world’s 5 billionth inhabitant.
1991 - Jetliner carrying Nigerian pilgrims crashes in flames in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 people on board.
1992 - Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega sentenced to 40 years in U.S. prison for money laundering and drug trafficking.
00 - A damaged gasoline pipeline explodes in southern Nigeria, killing 200 people and injuring dozens of others.
2001 - Weeping Bosnian Muslim widows who lost their husbands and sons in one of the worst massacres in modern history lash out at Slobodan Milosevic and fugitive leaders of the Bosnian Serbs on the sixth anniversary of the slaughter in Srebrenica.
2002 - South Korean President Kim Dae-jung appoints the country’s first female prime minister, Chang Sang.
2003 - The CIA accepts responsibility for the false claim regarding Iraq obtaining uranium from Niger in U.S. President George W. Bush’s January State of the Union address.
2006 - Eight bombs hit Bombay’s commuter rail network during rush hour in the financial hub of India, killing at least 200 people and wounding hundreds more.
2007 - Pakistani troops complete an eight-day siege and storming of Islamabad’s radical Red Mosque. Some 102 people die, including 10 elite troops and at least 73 suspected pro-Taliban militants.
2010 - Spain defeats Netherlands 1-0 in extra time to win World Cup.
2011 - An aging cruise ship was severely overcrowded, had a malfunctioning engine and listed to one side before it sinks in heavy wind and rain on a river east of Moscow, killing as many as 129 people.
2013 - Hundreds of Shiites have been quietly expelled from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab states on suspicion of being supporters of the militant group Hezbollah.
2014 — Kurdish security forces take over two major oil fields outside the disputed northern city of Kirkuk and say they will use some of the production for domestic purposes, further widening a split with the central government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.
Robert I the Bruce, Scottish king (1274-1329); Thomas Bowdler, English editor of Shakespeare works (1754-1825); Peter I Karageorgevic, first king of Yugoslavia (1844-1921); Gough Whitlam, Australian prime minister (1916--); Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (1920-1985); Nicolai Gedda, Swedish operatic tenor (1925--); Richie Sambora, guitarist w/ rock group Bon Jovi (1959--); Lil’ Kim, U.S. rapper (1975--).
Thought For Today: You come into the world alone and you go out of the world alone yet it seems to me you are more alone while living than even going and coming — Emily Carr, Canadian artist and author (1871-1945).