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Sunday, May 3

April 25, 2015

Today is Sunday, May 3, the 123rd day of 2015. There are 242 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1494 - Columbus discovers Jamaica.

1660 - Peace of Olivia is signed, ending war between Brandenburg, Poland, Austria and Sweden.

1765 - The first U.S. medical school, University of Pennsylvania, is founded.

1791 - Polish Parliament approves Europe’s first modern constitution.

1814 - France’s King Louis XVIII returns to Paris after allied forces defeat Napoleon Bonaparte.

1841 - New Zealand is formally proclaimed a British colony.

1859 - France declares war on Austria.

1898 - Bread riots erupt in Milan, Italy, and are crushed with heavy loss of life.

1933 - Nellie Taylor is sworn in as the first female director of the U.S. Mint.

1937 - Margaret Mitchell wins a Pulitzer Prize for her novel “Gone with the Wind.”

1945 - Allied troops enter Hamburg, Germany, in World War II; Indian forces capture Rangoon, Burma, from the Japanese.

1947 - Japan’s new postwar Constitution, reflecting the policies of Allied occupiers, takes effect.

1948 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities are legally unenforceable.

1963 - Government crisis in Syria threatens recently agreed-upon union of Syria, Iraq and United Arab Republic.

1972 - Turkish guerrillas hijack Turkish plane and land in Sofia, Bulgaria.

1979 - Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain’s first female prime minister as the Tories oust the incumbent Labor government in parliamentary elections.

1988 - The White House acknowledges that first lady Nancy Reagan used astrological advice to help schedule her husband’s activities.

1991 - Hundreds of Iraqi troops withdraw from an expanded allied security zone in northern Iraq.

1992 - Guerrillas loyal to radical fundamentalist Gulbuddin Hekmatyar fight with militia on the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan.

1994 - Civil war erupts in Yemen.

1996 - Warlord Roosevelt Johnson is secretly carried out of Monrovia, Liberia, and to neighboring Freetown, Sierra Leone, aboard a U.S. helicopter.

1997 - The rebels of the Guatemalan Revolutionary Unit surrender the last of their weapons to the government, marking the end of one of Latin America’s most drawn-out wars.

2001 - Ronnie Biggs, fugitive robber of Britain’s 1963 “Great Train Robbery” says he is ready to return home to face justice after three decades of exile in Brazil.

2002 - A ferry carrying hundreds of people sinks in a storm on the Meghna River about 40 miles (64 kilometers) south of Dhaka. More than 300 perish.

2004 - The U.S. military reprimands seven officers in the alleged abuse of inmates at Baghdad’s Abu Ghraib prison, the first known punishments in the case.

2008 - Cyclone Nargis strikes Myanmar, killing at least 78,000 and leaving 56,000 others missing. Aid workers shackled by the country’s military regime struggle to get even the most basic data about the needs of up to 2.5 million survivors, and to get aid to them.

2011 - An authoritative international assessment says the ice of Greenland and the rest of the Arctic is melting faster than expected and could help raise global sea levels by as much as 5 feet (1.5 meters) this century, dramatically higher than earlier projections.

2012 - Letters from Osama bin Laden’s last hideaway, released by U.S. officials intent on discrediting his organization, portray a network weak, inept and under siege — and its leader seemingly near wit’s end about the passing of his global jihad’s glory days.

2013 - Prime Minister David Cameron’s Conservatives take a drubbing in local British elections amid a surge of support for an anti-European Union and anti-immigration party.

2014 - U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry presses Russia to stop backing separatists in eastern Ukraine after the pro-Russian insurgents release seven European military observers.

Today’s Birthdays:

Nicolo Machiavelli, Italian political philosopher (1469-1527); William Broome, English scholar-poet (1689-1745); Golda Meir, Israeli statesman (1898-1978); William Inge, U.S. playwright (1913-1973); Betty Comden, U.S. songwriter-entertainer (1919-2006); James Brown, U.S. soul musician (1928-2006); Pete Seeger, U.S. folk singer (1919-2014); Engelbert Humperdinck, British singer (1936--); Christopher Cross, U.S. singer (1951--); Ann B. Davis, U.S. actress (1926--).

Thought For Today:

If you want anything said, ask a man; if you want anything done, ask a woman — Margaret Thatcher, former British prime minister.

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