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Summit Agrees on Steps to Combat Terrorism

May 5, 1986

TOKYO (AP) _ Summit leaders today put their governments behind a six-point campaign against terrorists and their accomplices, “and in particular Libya,” and issued a statement prodding Moscow to reveal details immediately concerning the Chernobyl nuclear accident.

The leaders agreed to steps making it harder for terrorists to travel or obtain arms, essentially endorsing measures adopted by Europeans nations last month in the wake of the unilateral U.S. air attack on Libya.

Practically ignoring trade and finance concerns on the first full day of their economic summit, leaders of the industrialized democracies acted on the two issues being pushed extraordinarily hard by President Reagan and his aides.

The statement on terrorism, while hailed as a victory by Reagan aides, contained no commitment to specific economic sanctions against Libya or other specific sponsors of terrorists. But U.S. officials said it was significant that the group, including Libya’s two major trade partners - Italy and West Germany - specifically branded Libya for its role in sponsoring terrorism.

Reagan came to Tokyo with his campaign against Libyan terrorism at the top of his summit agenda and in a written message to the leaders of Canada, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan he said concerted action against terrorism was essential.

“Why should this summit concern itself with terrorism?” it asked. “One reason that is mentioned is the need to do something so that the crazy Americans won’t take matters into their own hands again.”

One of the six points was apparently written to restrict the activities out of Libyan embassies and consulates. The leaders agreed to “strict limits on the size of the diplomatic and consular mission and other official bodies abroad of states which engage in such activities, control of travel of members of such mission and bodies, and, where appropriate, radical reductions in, or even the closure of, such missions and bodies.”

Secretary of State George P. Shultz said the document sent a strong message to Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy: “You’ve had it, pal. You’re isolated. You are recognized as a terrorist and as far as terrorists are concerned, more and more the message is - no place to hide.”

However, summit partners steered clear of some of the toughest anti- terrorist measures suggested by the United States.

Reagan had mentioned to Italian Premier Bettino Craxi and West German Chancellor Helmit Kohl, whose nations are heavily dependent on Libyan oil, that they look for other suppliers. Yet, the summit statement made no mention of any economic sanctions.

In a paper Reagan passed out to his fellow leaders at dinner, he said the threat of using military force “is essential to deterrence” of terrorism.

“Why should this summit concern itself with terrorism?” Reagan asked. “One reason that is mentioned is the need to do something so that the crazy Americans won’t take matters into their own hands again.”

Although the summit statement contained general references to improving methods of dealing with terrorism through international aviation and maritime organizations, it did not specify what steps might be taken. The United States has suggested not only tightening airport security but tougher action, suchas denying landing rights to Libya’s airline.

The United States, with the sole support of Britain, launched a reprisal bombing raid against Libya on April 14 to punish Khadafy for the fatal attack on a Berlin nightclub and hobble what it called the nerve center of his international terrorist operations.

U.S. sources, speaking on condition they not be identified, said the allies have come together in the intervening weeks to find common ground, and that at least one of them - Italy - now says it, too, is prepared to use force against Khadafy in the future.

One senior official said Crazi told Reagan at a meeting Saturday he had warned Libya that “if there should be another threat to Italian territory - just a threat - the result will be amilitary action.”

Italy and the United States have blamed the attack against airline passengers at the Rome airport in December on a radical Palestinian faction backed by Libya.

The formal statement on terrorism, as well as one criticizing the Soviet Union and calling for international sharing of information about nuclear castastrophes such as the Chernobyl accident, were delayed several hours as the leaders toughened anti-terrorist language worked out by their aides overnight.

The statement on the Soviet nuclear catastrophe pointedly noted that Moscow did not alert other nations about the accident and called on the Soviets urgently to provide information.

The final version of the document on terrorism pledged the summit partners to clamp strict limits on diplomatic and consular offices of nations that support terrorism, restrict travel by diplomats assigned to those missions and deny entry to anyone expelled from a member country on conviction for or suspicion of terrorist acts.

Japanese Foreign Minister Shintaro Abe, meanwhile, said stringent security measures already in place to protect the leaders were being tightened still further following the firing of five makeshift missiles, at least two of which overshot the summit’s opening ceremonies Sunday and exploded harmlessly near the Canadian embassy.

Police blamed the attack on Japan’s most notorious radical leftist group, the Chukaku-ha, or ″Middle Core Faction,″ and distributed 100,000 leaflets asking citizens’ cooperation in identifying ″suspicious persons.″

U.S. sources said British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher led the move to toughen draft statements on terrorism drawn up overnight. When she was handed her copy of the draft, a reporter could see a cover note on it from one of her advisers calling the document ″pretty weak.″

A senior aide to President Francois Mitterrand of France, which has been outspoken in criticizing the U.S. raid against Libya, said, ″France was not apart from the others despite the problems over Libya. We are completely integrated. There is absolutely no tension between France over Libya. All that is over.″

Other leaders participating in the annual conference, ostensibly to discuss economic matters, are Prime Ministers Yasuhiro Nakasone of Japan and Brian Mulroney of Canada. The European Community sends its representatives as well.

″We have decided to apply these measures within the framework of international law and in our own jurisdictions in respect of any state which is clearly involved in sponsoring or supporting international terrorism, and in particular of Libya, until such time as the state concerned abandons its complicity in or support for terrorism,″ the summit statement said.

Reserving the right of nations to act on their own - as the United States did in attacking Libya - the summit partners agreed, ″Terrorism must be fought effectively through determined, tenacious, discreet and patient action combining national measures with international cooperation.″

In addition to barring the export of arms to countries that sponsor or support terrorism, the document calls for strictly limiting the size of diplomatic and consular missions of such countries, control of travel by members of those missions ″and, where appropriate, radical reductions in, or even the closure of, such missions and bodies.″

That measure is aimed particularly at Libya, whose embassies already have been targeted for cutbacks and expulsions in several countries.

A provision that could be used to keep Libyan diplomats and others believed to be involved in plotting terrorist attacks from moving about calls for ″denial of entry to all persons, including diplomatic personnel, who have been expelled or excluded from one of our states on suspicion of involvement in international terrorism or who have been convicted of such a terrorist offense.″

The summit partners also called for improved extradition procedures and ″the closest possible″ cooperation between law enforcement authorities of all their countries.

Reagan spokesman Larry Speakes described the president as ″extremely pleased″ with the general agreement worked out by the summit leaders over dinner the night before. A few hours later, he told reporters, ″We were pleased this morning; we’re extremely pleased now.″

Putting off their scheduled discussion of various economic issues, including a call for a new round of worldwide trade negotiations, the leaders worked first on the terrorism statement and a hastily drawn proposal on what Speakes called ″the need to strengthen the safety procedures and to improve accident reporting procedures″ following the Soviet nuclear power plant disaster in the Ukraine.

In another development, the prospects for a U.S.-Soviet summit this year appeared to improve when Mrs. Thatcher relayed a message to Reagan from Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev asking her if Reagan still seemed interested in their meeting.

It was ″the first message of any kind″ sent to Reagan since the Soviets broke off planning for the summit in retaliation for the U.S. bombardment of Libya, said an official who demanded anonymity.

″I invited him,″ Reagan told reporters at a reception later. ″The invitation is still good.″

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