Today in Arizona History
PHOENIX (AP) — Sunday, June 2
On this date in 1913, Miss Sarah Greenway, sister of John C. Greenway, lit a fire in the new 3,000-ton (2,721.56-metric ton) Calumet & Arizona smelter at Douglas. A big community celebration marked the dedication of what was then the largest and most modern smelter in the United States.
On this date in 1930, radio station KTAR brought the first national broadcast network to Arizona through its affiliation with NBC.
On this date in 1935, three carloads of dynamite were set off to open the New Cornelia mine site at Ajo and 400,000 tons (362,874 metric tons) of rock were dislodged.
On this date in 1976, a bomb exploded beneath the car of Arizona Republic reporter Don Bolles in a parking lot of a Phoenix hotel. Bolles died 11 days later.
Monday, June 3
On this date in 1901, Richard McCormick, first Territorial Secretary and second Territorial Governor of Arizona, died.
On this date in 1913, stockholders of the African Land and Irrigation Company decided to construct a two-story building in Tucson as headquarters for the organization of Southern Arizona Negroes.
On this date in 1936, a convict at Florence State Prison attempted to escape and elude prison bloodhounds by swimming 16 miles (26 kilometers) through irrigation canals to Picacho Lake, towing his lunch in a milk pail.
On this day in 1996, record temperatures were reported in Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff and Wilcox. The mercury in Phoenix hit 111 degrees (43.89 Celsius), just one degree hotter than the record for June 3, which was set in 1987 and tied in 1990. The temperature at Tucson International Airport reached 107 degrees (41.67 Celsius), tying a 1990 record. Flagstaff hit 86 degrees (30 Celsius), matching a record set in 1988, and in Wilcox, the mercury rose to 102 degrees (38.89 Celsius), the hottest for a June 3 since 1956.
Tuesday, June 4
On this date in 1871, General George Crook assumed command of the Department of Arizona.
On this date in 1879, public disapproval halted the scheduled first drawing of the Territorial Lottery. Proceeds were intended to support public schools, but the idea was scrapped before any drawings were held.
On this date in 1928, several thousand dollars in loss occurred at Elgin, Arizona, when the hotel there was destroyed by fire.
Wednesday, June 5
On this date in 1871, Armijo, one of the principal chiefs of the Navajo Nation died.
On this date in 1928, bids were opened for the construction of the North Rim Road of the Grand Canyon.
On this date in 1928, Northern Arizona State Teachers College at Flagstaff graduated the largest class in its history as President Grady Gammage presented 81 certificates.
On this date in 1996, Winslow’s temperature hit 100 degrees, breaking the record of 96 for the day set back in 1957.
Thursday, June 6
On this date in 1851, Camp Independence was established on the east bank of the Colorado River near its junction with the Gila River under the command of Lt. Thomas W. Sweeny. Camp Independence was replaced by Fort Yuma in December, 1851.
On this date in 1903, Gov. Alexander Brodie ordered the Arizona Rangers to Morenci and Clifton where miners were striking.
On this date in 1933, the first concrete was poured at Hoover Dam.
On this date in 1936, the first barrel of tequila made in the United States was produced at the San Andres distillery in Nogales.
Friday, June 7
On this date in 1890, the mine fuel tanks at Pearce exploded, destroying the 50 stamp mill and setting part of the town on fire.
On this date in 1896, a Congressional Act provided that the portion of the White Mountain Reservation south of the Salt River was to compose the San Carlos Reservation, while the portion north of the Salt was to be known as Fort Apache.
On this date in 1928, three men drowned at Lee’s Ferry when the ferry boat turned over in mid-stream.
Saturday, June 8
On this date in 1874, the Apache chief Cochise died in his stronghold in the Dragoon Mountains.
On this date in 1927, State Teacher’s College at Tempe, now Arizona State University, gave its first bachelor of education degrees to 13 graduates.
On this date in 1928, the Navajo County sheriff raided the Holbrook City Hall and confiscated 65 gallons (246 liters) of bootleg whiskey in 13 kegs that were hidden under the floor boards.
On this date in 1928, Arthur H. Elliott, who staked out a homestead in 1881 on what was to become the town site of Casa Grande and who became the editor and publisher of the first newspaper in Casa Grande, died.
On this date in 1928, the city of Flagstaff dedicated its new airfield, Koch Field, with an aerial circus and banquet.