Barnes & Noble Education Reports Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2019 Financial Results
BASKING RIDGE, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Dec 4, 2018--, a leading provider of educational products and services solutions for higher education and K-12, today reported sales and earnings for the second quarter for fiscal year 2019, which ended on October 27, 2018.
The Company has three reportable segments: Barnes & Noble College Booksellers, LLC (“BNC”), MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC (“MBS”), and Digital Student Solutions (“DSS”). All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Financial highlights for the second quarter 2019:Consolidated second quarter sales of $814.8 million decreased 8.1%, as compared to the prior year period; year to date consolidated sales of $1,152.3 million decreased 7.3% as compared to the prior year period. Consolidated second quarter GAAP net income increased to $59.7 million, as compared to $48.4 million in the prior year period; year to date GAAP net income increased to $21.1 million, as compared to $13.6 million in the prior year period. Consolidated second quarter non-GAAP Adjusted Earnings increased to $60.1 million, as compared to $49.9 million in the prior year period; year to date non-GAAP Adjusted Earnings increased to $21.5 million, as compared to $20.1 million in the prior year period. Consolidated second quarter non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $95.4 million, as compared to $102.4 million in the prior year period; year to date non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $62.9 million, as compared to $70.0 million in the prior year period.
Operational highlights for the second quarter 2019:Increased sales of BNC First Day™ inclusive access by over 80%. The First Day platform, which is live on approximately 100 campuses, drives down the cost of course materials for students and secures a higher sell through rate for the Company. Launched flagship student study subscription service, Bartleby Textbook Solutions, which features step-by-step textbook solutions across numerous subject areas. The product launch marks the Company’s first internally developed digital solution in its DSS segment, and is another important step in its ongoing digital transformation. The Company expects to have approximately one million textbook solutions available for the spring semester, as well as expert Q&A capabilities, providing further critical services for students to achieve better success throughout their academic journey. Completed acquisition of PaperRater.com, a leading website that offers students a suite of writing services that includes a plagiarism checker, writing revision tools and an AI-based auto-grading scoring system to help students improve multiple facets of their writing. Along with the acquisition of Student Brands in August 2017, PaperRater bolsters the Company’s competitive position in student writing services and expands its content library. StudyMode writing product rolled out across the majority of BNC and MBS e-commerce sites, allowing students to add a StudyMode subscription to their cart at point of purchase. StudyMode and Bartleby Textbook Solutions will also be integrated into point-of-sale and in-store systems for the spring semester.
“During the first half of fiscal 2019, BNED accomplished significant milestones in its continued development of the digital services and offerings the industry is demanding. While we are pleased with the improvement in consolidated net income, our focus is on investing in digital growth platforms and offerings for the future while also taking steps to preserve current levels of profitability and cash flow,” said Michael P. Huseby, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, Barnes & Noble Education. “At BNC, sales were impacted by lower comparable stores sales and the impact of previously announced store closings. At MBS, wholesale sales were impacted by lower publisher rental penetration than anticipated, as well as lower net sales of traditional wholesale textbooks. We are taking steps to improve our sales execution and more aggressively manage expense and capital spending during this transformation to digital platforms and offerings. BNED’s financial position remains strong and we continue to realize our vision of becoming a premier provider of both physical and digital educational services.”
(1) These non-GAAP financial measures have been reconciled in the attached schedules to the most directly comparable GAAP measures as required under SEC rules regarding the use of non-GAAP financial measures.
Consolidated second quarter sales of $814.8 million decreased $72.1 million, or 8.1%, as compared to the prior year period. The sales decrease was primarily attributable to declines at BNC and MBS partially offset by an increase at DSS.
The Company’s non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA decreased $7.0 million for the quarter, as compared to the prior year period. The decrease is primarily attributable to lower sales at BNC and MBS, as well as investments made in DSS, partially offset by the benefit of intercompany eliminations recognized in the second fiscal quarter. This elimination, as expected, was recognized in the second quarter as BNC sold through or returned the inventory which was purchased from MBS in the first fiscal quarter.
BNC sales decreased by $54.4 million, or 7.2%, as compared to the prior year period. Comparable store sales at BNC decreased 5.6% for the quarter representing approximately $41.6 million in revenue, primarily due to lower textbook sales. Sales from net new stores (new stores less closed stores) declined by $15.2 million compared to an increase of $21.1 million in the prior year.
BNC non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter declined by $4.0 million to $68.5 million, as compared to $72.5 million in the prior year period. The gross margin impact of lower sales was partially offset by higher margins and lower selling and administrative expenses resulting in BNC’s decrease in Adjusted EBITDA.
MBS total sales of $119.0 million for the quarter decreased by $15.9 million, or 11.8%, as compared to $134.9 million in the prior year period.
MBS Wholesale net sales of $37.9 million for the quarter decreased by $9.6 million, or 20.2%, as compared to $47.5 million during the prior year period. MBS Wholesale net sales were impacted by lower publisher rental penetration than anticipated, as well as lower net sales of traditional wholesale textbooks. MBS Direct sales of $81.1 million for the quarter decreased by $6.3 million, or 7.2%, as compared to $87.4 million in the prior year period, due to lower sales from Higher Ed accounts and net new stores.
MBS non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $18.6 million for the quarter, as compared to $20.9 million in the prior year period. This decrease was primarily driven by the impact of lower sales, partially offset by higher margins and lower selling and administrative expenses.
DSS sales of $4.9 million for the quarter increased by $0.4 million, or 10.0% as compared to $4.5 million during the prior year period. The increase reflects the operating results of Student Brands, which generates sales through subscriptions to its digital properties.
DSS non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA was $1.4 million for the quarter, as compared to $2.2 million in the prior year period. The decrease is the result of investments in the development of the Company’s new study subscription product offering, Bartleby Textbook Solutions, partially offset by the increase of Student Brands Adjusted EBITDA.
Expenses for Corporate Services, which includes unallocated shared-service costs, such as various corporate level expenses and other governance functions, were $6.0 million for the quarter as compared to $4.7 million in the prior period.
Intercompany gross margin eliminations of $13.0 million reflected in Adjusted EBITDA, compared to $11.7 million in the prior year period, is higher due to an increase in intercompany sales from MBS to BNC during the first fiscal quarter and recognized in the second fiscal quarter as BNC either sold or returned the inventory purchased from MBS.
For fiscal year 2019, the Company expects consolidated sales to be in the range of $2.2 billion to $2.3 billion before intercompany eliminations, and consolidated Adjusted EBITDA to be in a range of $110 million to $125 million. The current outlook is expected to be at the low end of those ranges. Capital expenditures are expected to be approximately $50 million, $10 million lower than the Company’s previously disclosed outlook, increasing over fiscal year 2018 primarily due to the Company’s investments in digital content required to develop and offer new DSS products.
A conference call with Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. senior management will be webcast at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Tuesday, December 4, 2018 and can be accessed at the Barnes & Noble Education corporate website at investor.bned.com or www.bned.com.
Barnes & Noble Education expects to report fiscal 2019 third quarter results on or about March 6, 2019.
ABOUT BARNES & NOBLE EDUCATION, INC.
Barnes & Noble Education, Inc. (NYSE: BNED) is a leading provider of higher education and K-12 educational products and solutions. Through its Barnes & Noble College and MBS Textbook Exchange segments, Barnes & Noble Education operates 1,450 physical and virtual bookstores across the U.S., serving more than 6 million students and faculty. Through its Digital Student Solutions segment, the Company offers direct-to-student products and services that help students study more effectively and improve academic performance, enabling them to gain the valuable skills necessary to succeed after college. The Company also operates one of the largest textbook wholesale distribution channels in the United States. For more information please visit www.bned.com.
BNED companies include: Barnes & Noble College Booksellers, LLC, MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC, BNED LoudCloud, LLC, Student Brands, LLC, Promoversity, LLC and PaperRater, LLC. General information on Barnes & Noble Education may be obtained by visiting the Company’s corporate website: www.bned.com.
Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and information relating to us and our business that are based on the beliefs of our management as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to our management. When used in this communication, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “forecasts,” “projections,” and similar expressions, as they relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this press release may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect our current views with respect to future events, the outcome of which is subject to certain risks, including, among others: general competitive conditions, including actions our competitors and content providers may take to grow their businesses; a decline in college enrollment or decreased funding available for students; decisions by colleges and universities to outsource their physical and/or online bookstore operations or change the operation of their bookstores; implementation of our digital strategy may not result in the expected growth in our digital sales and/or profitability; risk that digital sales growth does not exceed the rate of investment spend; the performance of our online, digital and other initiatives, integration of and deployment of, additional products and services including new digital channels, and enhancements to higher education digital products, and the inability to achieve the expected cost savings; the risk of price reduction or change in format of course materials by publishers, which could negatively impact revenues and margin; the general economic environment and consumer spending patterns; decreased consumer demand for our products, low growth or declining sales; the strategic objectives, successful integration, anticipated synergies, and/or other expected potential benefits of various acquisitions, including MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC and Student Brands, LLC, may not be fully realized or may take longer than expected; the integration of the operations of various acquisitions, including MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC and Student Brands, LLC, into our own may also increase the risk of our internal controls being found ineffective; changes to purchase or rental terms, payment terms, return policies, the discount or margin on products or other terms with our suppliers; our ability to successfully implement our strategic initiatives including our ability to identify, compete for and execute upon additional acquisitions and strategic investments; risks associated with operation or performance of MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC’s point-of-sales systems that are sold to college bookstore customers; technological changes; risks associated with counterfeit and piracy of digital and print materials; our international operations could result in additional risks; our ability to attract and retain employees; risks associated with data privacy, information security and intellectual property; trends and challenges to our business and in the locations in which we have stores; non-renewal of managed bookstore, physical and/or online store contracts and higher-than-anticipated store closings; disruptions to our information technology systems, infrastructure and data due to computer malware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks, resulting in harm to our business and results of operations; disruption of or interference with third party web service providers and our own proprietary technology; work stoppages or increases in labor costs; possible increases in shipping rates or interruptions in shipping service; product shortages, including risks associated with merchandise sourced indirectly from outside the United States; changes in domestic and international laws or regulations, including U.S. tax reform, changes in tax rates, laws and regulations, as well as related guidance; enactment of laws which may restrict or prohibit our use of emails or similar marketing activities; the amount of our indebtedness and ability to comply with covenants applicable to any future debt financing; our ability to satisfy future capital and liquidity requirements; our ability to access the credit and capital markets at the times and in the amounts needed and on acceptable terms; adverse results from litigation, governmental investigations, tax-related proceedings, or audits; changes in accounting standards; and the other risks and uncertainties detailed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in Part I - Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 28, 2018. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results or outcomes may vary materially from those described as anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned. Subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements in this paragraph. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise after the date of this press release.
The condensed consolidated financial statements for the 13 and 26 weeks ended October 27, 2018 include the financial results of Student Brands, LLC (in the DSS segment) for the entire period and the condensed consolidated financial statements for the 13 and 26 weeks ended October 28, 2017 include the financial results of Student Brands, LLC from the acquisition date on August 3, 2017 (the second quarter of fiscal year 2018).
We have three reportable segments: BNC, MBS and DSS as follows:The BNC Segment is comprised of the operations of Barnes & Noble College Booksellers, LLC (“BNC”) which operates 773 physical campus bookstores, the majority of which also have school-branded e-commerce sites operated by BNC and which offer students access to affordable course materials and affinity products, including emblematic apparel and gifts. BNC also offers its First Day™ inclusive access program, in which course materials, including e-content, are offered at a reduced price through a course materials fee, and delivered to students digitally on or before the first day of class. Additionally, the BNC segment offers a suite of digital content, software, and services to colleges and universities through our LoudCloud platform, such as predictive analytics, a variety of open educational resources courseware, and a competency-based learning platform. The MBS Segment is comprised of MBS Textbook Exchange, LLC’s (“MBS”) two highly integrated businesses: MBS Direct which operates 677 virtual bookstores for college and university campuses, and K-12 schools, and MBS Wholesale which is one of the largest textbook wholesalers in the country. MBS Wholesale’s business centrally sources and sells new and used textbooks to more than 3,500 physical college bookstores, including BNC’s 773 campus bookstores. MBS Wholesale sells hardware and a software suite of applications that provides inventory management and point-of-sale solutions to over 400 college bookstores. The Digital Student Solutions (“DSS”) Segment includes direct-to-student products and services to assist students to study more effectively and improve academic performance. The DSS segment is comprised of the operations of Student Brands, a leading direct-to-student subscription-based writing services business, and Bartleby Textbook Solutions. The DSS segment also includes tutoring and test prep services offered through our partnership with The Princeton Review.
Corporate Services represents unallocated shared-service costs which include corporate level expenses and other governance functions, including executive functions, such as accounting, legal, treasury, information technology, and human resources.
All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Our condensed consolidated financial statements reflect the following reclassifications for consistency with the current year presentation:Cost of Sales expenses primarily related to facility costs and insurance for the Corporate Services category have been reclassified to Selling and Administrative Expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For our digital rental products, we have reclassified Rental Income to Product Sales and Other, and have reclassified Rental Cost of Sales to Product and Other Cost of Sales in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, with no impact to Gross Margin. Digital rental revenue and digital rental cost of sales are recognized at the time of delivery and are not deferred over the rental period.
Prior periods presented reflect the reclassifications noted above.
Comparable store sales includes sales from stores that have been open for an entire fiscal year period, does not include sales from closed stores for all periods presented, and digital agency sales are included on a gross basis. We believe the current comparable store sales calculation method reflects the manner in which management views comparable sales, as well as the seasonal nature of our business. Prior year comparable store sales exclude store inventory sales to MBS, which are reflected as intercompany inventory transfers since the acquisition.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information - Adjusted Earnings and Adjusted EBITDA
To supplement the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), in the Press Release attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1, the Company uses the non-GAAP financial measures of Adjusted Earnings (defined as net income adjusted for certain reconciling items) and Adjusted EBITDA (defined by the Company as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, as adjusted for additional items subtracted from or added to net income).
These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended as substitutes for and should not be considered superior to measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, the Company’s use of these non-GAAP financial measures may be different from similarly named measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes.
The Company’s management reviews these non-GAAP financial measures as internal measures to evaluate the Company’s performance and manage the Company’s operations. The Company’s management believes that these measures are useful performance measures which are used by the Company to facilitate a comparison of on-going operating performance on a consistent basis from period-to-period. The Company’s management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide for a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting the Company’s business than measures under GAAP can provide alone, as it excludes certain items that do not reflect the ordinary earnings of its operations. The Company’s Board of Directors and management also use Adjusted EBITDA as one of the primary methods for planning and forecasting overall expected performance, for evaluating on a quarterly and annual basis actual results against such expectations, and as a measure for performance incentive plans. The Company’s management believes that the inclusion of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings results provides investors useful and important information regarding the Company’s operating results.
The non-GAAP measures included in the Press Release attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 has been reconciled to the comparable GAAP measures as required under Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) rules regarding the use of non-GAAP financial measures. All of the items included in the reconciliations below are either (i) non-cash items or (ii) items that management does not consider in assessing the Company’s on-going operating performance. The Company urges investors to carefully review the GAAP financial information included as part of the Company’s Form 10-K dated April 28, 2018 filed with the SEC on June 20, 2018, which includes consolidated financial statements for each of the three years for the period ended April 28, 2018 (Fiscal 2018, Fiscal 2017, and Fiscal 2016) and the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended July 28, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 22, 2018.
View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20181204005215/en/
CONTACT: Media Contact:
Carolyn J. Brown
Senior Vice President
Corporate Communications and Public Affairs
Barnes & Noble Education, Inc.
Thomas D. Donohue
Senior Vice President
Treasurer and Investor Relations
Barnes & Noble Education, Inc.
KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA NEW JERSEY
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: EDUCATION PRIMARY/SECONDARY UNIVERSITY CONTINUING TECHNOLOGY OTHER TECHNOLOGY RETAIL COMMUNICATIONS PUBLISHING SPECIALTY
SOURCE: Barnes & Noble Education, Inc.
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PUB: 12/04/2018 08:30 AM/DISC: 12/04/2018 08:30 AM