Sunday, January 11
Today is Sunday, Jan. 11, the 11th day of 2015. There are 354 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
49 B.C. - Roman emperor Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon river and moves his troops into an offensive position in the war against Pompeii.
1569 - First lottery in England is drawn in St. Paul’s Cathedral under the patronage of Queen Elizabeth I.
1814 - Joachim Murat, King of Naples, deserts Napoleon Bonaparte and joins Allies.
1866 - Ship “London” is wrecked en route to Australia. Some 231 people die.
1919 - Romania annexes Transylvania.
1923 - France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr valley after the German government fails to keep up its World War I reparation payments.
1935 - Aviator Amelia Earhart begins a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, California, becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
1939 - Abu Dhabi Ruler Sheik Shakhbout signs emirate’s first oil agreement, with a British-led consortium.
1942 - Japan declares war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invade the Dutch East Indies.
1943 - Britain and United States relinquish extraterritorial rights in China.
1945 - Truce is declared in Greek civil war.
1962 - Avalanche buries village in the Peruvian Andes, and 3,000 people are reported killed.
1964 - U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issues the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one’s health.
1970 - In Nigeria, 32-month-old secessionist Biafran regime collapses under onslaughts by Nigerian military.
1972 - New state of Bangladesh is recognized by East Germany.
1973 - Owners of American League baseball teams vote to adopt the designated-hitter rule, taking the bat out of the hands of pitchers in one of the biggest changes in the sport’s modern history.
1976 - President Rodriguez Lara of Ecuador is ousted in a coup.
1977 - France sets off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.
1986 - L. Douglas Wilder becomes Lt. Governor of Virginia, making him the first African-American sworn in as a Southern state official since the American Civil War.
1990 - About 250,000 people demonstrate in favor of independence in Lithuanian capital as Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrives there to persuade the local Communist Party to retract its decision to break with national party.
1991 - Hundreds of uniformed Lithuanian nationalists keep all-night vigil in republic’s parliament, saying they are defending it from possible attack by the Soviet army.
1993 - The U.N. Security Council meets to warn Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that he is violating Gulf War cease-fire terms by his unauthorized seizure of weapons in Kuwaiti territory.
1995 - An Intercontinental Aviation DC-9 with at least 52 people aboard crashes near Cartagena, Colombia, with only one survivor.
1996 - A military court in Peru sentences American Lori Berenson to life in prison without parole for her involvement with a pro-Cuban guerrilla group.
1997 - Burundian soldiers shoot and kill 126 Hutu refugees trying to break out of a holding camp in northeastern Burundi.
1998 - An armed gang attacks two villages outside Algiers, Algeria, slaughtering 120 people.
1999 - Haiti’s President Rene Preval dissolves Parliament after a 22-month impasse with no working government. He appoints a premier and a Cabinet by decree.
2001 - Gen. Augusto Pinochet, the former Chilean dictator, enters the Santiago military hospital to undergo neurological and mental tests ordered by a judge seeking to try him on human rights charges; the U.S. Army acknowledges that soldiers killed an “unknown number” of South Korean refugees early in the Korean War at No Gun Ri.
2002 - The first 20 Taliban and al-Qaida detainees from the U.S. campaign in Afghanistan arrive at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba for possible questioning and trial.
2003 - The Indian government and the Naga faction, one of Asia’s longest-running separatist insurgent groups, agreed that a five-year cease-fire will become permanent and there will be no more fighting.
2004 - Hardliners throw Iran’s legislative elections into crisis by disqualifying hundreds of liberal candidates, including more than 80 sitting lawmakers who are allied with the reformist President Mohammad Khatami.
2005 - An anti-corruption judge places Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo’s sister under house arrest for masterminding the mass falsification of petition signatures to register his political party.
2006 - Peru’s President Alejandro Toledo issues a sharp rebuke to Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez for openly supporting a nationalist former military officer running in Lima’s upcoming presidential elections.
2007 - Bangladesh’s President Iajuddin Ahmed declares a state of emergency, steps down as interim leader of Bangladesh’s caretaker government and postpones the Jan. 22 elections following violent protests by a key political alliance that said it would boycott the vote.
2008 - Eleven U.S. soldiers are convicted and five officers disciplined in the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal.
2009 - Lawmakers, Muslim groups and the Pakistani public criticize Prince Harry after a British newspaper publishes video footage of him using offensive and racist language.
2010 - Yemen’s most influential Islamic cleric, considered an al-Qaida-linked terrorist by the United States, warns that the U.S.-backed fight against the terror group could lead to “foreign occupation” of the country.
2011 - WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange vows to step up his site’s release of secret documents while he fights extradition to Sweden.
2012 - Motorcycle riders attach a magnetic bomb onto a car carrying a nuclear scientist working at Iran’s main uranium enrichment facility, instantly killing him and fatally wounding his driver in what Iran calls the latest strike in an escalating covert war.
2013 - France launches a military operation to help the government of Mali defeat al-Qaida-linked militants seeking to take over the vast desert nation in Africa.
2014 - Five hundred people are killed in inter-factional fighting In Syria between an alliance of secular rebels and moderate Islamists against radical Islamists.
Francesco Parmigianino, Italian artist (1504-1540); William James, U.S. philosopher (1842-1910); Rod Taylor, Australian actor (1930-2015); Jean Chretien, former Canadian prime minister (1934--); Clarence Clemons, U.S. saxophonist w/rock group Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band (1942-2011); Kim Coles, U.S. actress (1962--); Mary J. Blige, U.S. singer (1971--).
Thought for Today:
If you are ruled by mind you are a king; if by body, a slave — Cato, Roman statesman and historian (234 B.C.-149 B.C.)