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November 5, 1990

A summary of developments in the news industry for the week of Oct. 29-Nov. 5: Daily News Turns to Free Samples, ‘Hawkers’ To Get Papers Out

NEW YORK (AP) - Competitors of the strike-bound Daily News have grabbed a bigger share of the region’s advertising as street sales fall because of threats to vendors.

To boost sales of the Nov. 4 Sunday edition, the Daily News handed out free samples and used ″hawkers″ to sell papers where vendors feared intimidation.

Vendors at 10 midtown Manhattan newsstands chosen at random said they had no Daily News; many said they hadn’t seen the paper in several days.

Spokeswoman Lisa Robinson would not say how many of the Sunday papers were printed, distributed or sold.

″We’re still publishing,″ said Robinson. ″We’re still seeing gaps in distribution. Many, many people support us. Some people don’t.″

The company also has begun a recruiting campaign to find replacements for striking editorial staff members. A five-person recruiting team called reporters and others at publications in the tri-state area and landed more than 40, a News official said Nov. 2.

Talks have been fruitless since they began in January over contracts that expired in March. The unions charge unfair labor practices.

The News was struck by eight of its 10 unions on Oct. 25, with the Newspaper Guild joining the strike the next day. Members of the Typographical Union have continued working because they have guaranteed lifetime jobs.

Since the strike began, Daily News managers have been producing the paper with help from non-union editors and reporters from other papers owned by the paper’s parent, The Tribune Co., and from union members who crossed picket lines. Most of the union members who have returned to work are photographers, sportswriters and feature writers.

Robinson said strike-related incidents led to six arrests the night of Nov. 3 in the city and suburbs.

Police said 24 people had been arrested in the city since the strike began.

In a full-page advertisement Nov. 3, the News offered a $5,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of people involved in strike- related violence and $500 for information leading to an arrest.

As the strike continues, the newspaper’s rivals have said they are enjoying a surge in advertising.

The New York Post had 128 pages on Nov. 2, up from 100 the week before. Alexander’s department store had seven consecutive pages of ads in the Post and two consecutive pages in the News, where it normally advertises.

The Post said it had picked up well over 100 pages of ads since the strike began.

A spokeswoman for New York Newday said that it had doubled its ad pages and that the newspaper was budgeting for another sharp increase the week of Nov. 5. APME Convention - AP: Photos, Stocks, Commitment

DALLAS (AP) - President and General Manager Louis D. Boccardi said The Associated Press accepts the responsibilities that go along with its newest milestone - a record membership of 1,500 daily newspapers, reached in October.

″It is a responsibility that I and the able people who work with me are pledged to meet,″ he told the Associated Press Managing Editors Convention in Dallas.

″We have tried very hard to show you in these last few years that an AP that served 90-plus percent of the nation’s newspapers could be responsive, aggressive and innovative,″ Boccardi said. ″That has been, and will be, the enduring goal of the AP.″

Some of those innovations, such as the AP Leaf electronic darkroom and AP’s new SelectStocks service, were on display at the convention.

Boccardi said AP Leaf darkroom installations, which have already begun, are expected to be completed by the end of 1991, in the biggest such program AP has ever undertaken.

″Technology, however interesting or even fascinating, is just a means,″ Boccardi said. ″It’s all just a way to get words and pictures to you, and what counts - for us and for you - is the quality of our news and pictures. We never forget that.″

William E. Ahearn, vice president and executive editor, told the editors that AP’s program to improve writing and editing will be broadened in 1991.

In addition to using outside writing coaches, as is being done this year at the Los Angeles and Washington bureaus, he said AP will use its best writers to work with writers in other bureaus. He said special emphasis will be put on critiquing state news reports and helping bureaus strengthen these reports.

Ahearn stressed these goals for the news report: ″Aggressiveness in our overall coverage and in doing more investigative stories and special projects; innovation and creativity in how we package the news; innovation and creativity in our enterprise; and innovation and creativity in the graphics to illustrate news and features.″

AP conducted an open forum that explored the electronic picture system and its applications to newsrooms. The workshop consisted of an overview by Hal Buell, assistant to the president for PhotoStream; a report on installations by Mike Bauer, AP communications department executive; and a report by two member editors, Edward L. Cuddihy of The Buffalo (N.Y.) News and Scott Harmsen of the Kalamazoo (Mich.) Gazette, both of whom have AP Leafs.

Throughout the convention, AP’s Claudia DiMartino provided editors with hands-on demonstrations of the AP Leaf Picture Desk. Screened prints were created on an Autokon output device.

David Tomlin, who is coordinating the SelectStocks program, and SelectStocks product manager Mark Berns demonstrated the SelectStocks 2 service in the AP booth. For the convention, the system produced hourly tables of the performance of media company stocks. Samples from more than 60 newspapers using the SelectStocks services were given to members.

Tomlin and Berns briefed the editors on the customized market table service and described improvements and new features to be added over the next few months.

Tomlin said one of the most interesting changes will be the addition in a few months of a PC-based program that will let business editors and reporters monitor the performance of local-interest stocks from their desks.

The four-day convention ended Nov. 2. Boccardi Sees ‘Slight’ Encouragement for Anderson’s Release

DALLAS (AP) - Recent events in the Middle East offer some encouragement that Terry Anderson, Lebanon’s longest-held Western hostage, may be released soon, Louis D. Boccardi, president and general manager of The Associated Press, said Oct. 30.

Anderson, the news cooperative’s chief Middle Eastern correspondent, has been held by Shiite Moslem extremists since March 16, 1985, longer than any of the 13 Westerners, including seven Americans, still missing in Lebanon.

″Of course, we can’t be sure, but the spate of recent reports of churning on the hostage front does offer slight, and I stress slight, encouragement,″ Boccardi said at the annual convention of the Associated Press Managing Editors association.

Developments since August have changed political equations in much of the Middle East.

Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait Aug. 2 reportedly led to the release or escape of a group of Shiite prisoners in Kuwait whose freedom had been a key demand of the Lebanese hostage-holders.

In addition, the power balance in Lebanon itself has shifted because of Syria’s suppression of a dissident Christian military leader there. Christian and Moslem militias have agreed to pull out and create a military-free zone in Beirut, and sources say some Western hostages have been moved closer to Lebanon’s border with Syria, whose government has facilitated past hostage releases.

Boccardi said Larry Heinzerling, AP’s deputy director of world services, has been assigned full-time to work for the release of Anderson, 43.

″There will be no letup until Terry is free and can stand before you and speak for himself,″ Boccardi told the association, which comprises managing editors and other news executives of AP member newspapers. Pentagon Plans Eight Press Pools for Persian Gulf

DALLAS (AP) - The military plans to form eight press pools of six journalists each if combat begins in the Persian Gulf, the Pentagon’s chief spokesman said Nov. 1.

″In the event of hostilities, if they occur, we have a plan in place which we are continually refining,″ Pete Williams said at the convention of the Associated Press Managing Editors association.

Williams, assistant secretary of defense for public affairs, launched the Pentagon’s national press pool four days after President Bush committed troops to Saudi Arabia in August.

The pool was disbanded about three weeks later after Saudi officials began to allow more journalists into the country.

As many as 400 foreign journalists have been in Saudi Arabia to cover the U.S.-led military buildup since Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. About 180 journalists are in the country now, two-thirds of them from the United States, Williams said. Reuters To Cut 300 Jobs Due to ‘Difficult’ Market Conditions

LONDON (AP) - Reuters said Oct. 31 it would cut 300 jobs - 3 percent of its worldwide work force - because of unsettled market conditions.

Reuters said the jobs to be cut will be in the central corporate departments covering finance, marketing and administration. A small number of editorial jobs also could be affected.

The company said it also would delay the launch of Dealing 2000, an improved system for electronically providing foreign exchange information to traders.

″Conditions in most financial markets remain difficult and unsettled, making forecasting beyond the current year more than usually hazardous,″ said managing director Glen Renfrew. ″We cannot rule out further setbacks, but the recent new order rate has been large enough, in combination with cost-cutting, to support steady growth.″

Renfrew said severence pay for those let go would cost the company about $19.4 million in 1990.

After absorbing this, the company expects pre-tax profits for 1990 to be about $620 million, he said.

Reuters said it would make a statement on business conditions in early December, when financial analysts meet in New York. UPI Announces Salary Cuts for Workers Not Covered by Union Contracts

WASHINGTON (AP) - United Press International said Nov. 2 it will cut salaries of employees not covered by union contracts by 35 percent for 90 days as part of an economy move designed to bring about a sale of the news service.

UPI also said its board of directors had changed company policy so that non-union employes can be dismissed without any notice or severance pay.

In a message to all members of the staff, UPI executive vice president Pieter Vanbennekom said the news agency had begun talks with the Wire Service Guild, which represents employees under union contract.

At the union’s headquarters in New York, a member said Guild President Kevin Keane and secretary-treasurer Chris Dahl went to Philadelphia on Nov. 1 to meet with UPI officials. He said they had not reported back on the meeting.

UPI spokesman Milt Capps said employees in the Guild jurisdiction are exempt from the salary cutback and still would be entitled to notice and severance, whether or not they belong to the union.

Capps declined to say how many employees are affected or what percentage of the staff they represent. He said it would be against company policy to do so. The order is systemwide, he said.

UPI has changed ownership three times in eight years and is now owned by Infotechnology Inc. Last week, Infotechnology announced a management shakeup and disclosed financial problems that could result in the sale of its businesses. The company also owns Financial News Network.

UPI announced in September that it was closing bureaus in five states and said Oct. 21 that it will dismiss an unspecified number of employes as it concentrates its reporting in 15 of the most populous states.

The salary cuts took effect Nov. 4.

″All these drastic measures are necessary to bring UPI immediately to cash flow self-sufficiency and to stabilize the company during the next few months to be able to effect a sale of UPI in the shortest possible order,″ Vanbennekom said.

At least six preliminary expressions of interest in the purchase of the wire service have been received and more are expected, he said.

″Many of the expressions of interest have come from the blue-chip companies that have the greatest possible interest in preserving UPI’s journalistic tradition of excellence,″ Vanbennekom said.

″To bring the process to a successful conclusion, we need the breathing space these measures will provide,″ he said. Newspapers in Memphis and Nashville Cut Employees

MEMPHIS, Tenn. (AP) - Executives of Memphis Publishing Co., publishers of The Commercial Appeal, said Oct. 31 they will eliminate 12 jobs at the newspaper as part of several cost-cutting moves.

On the same day, the Nashville Banner, the Tennessee capital’s afternoon newspaper, announced the layoffs of its city editor, chief photographer, city hall reporter and five other staff members.

The Commercial Appeal said its reductions would come from the business, advertising and marketing departments. The company said the cuts were needed to deal with increased expenses and a slight drop in revenues.

Joseph Williams, general manager of Memphis Publishing Co., said earlier cost-cutting measures included reductions in travel budgets and other expenses, and a moratorium on filling a dozen vacant positions.

Ten of the 12 positions cut in Memphis are covered by the Newspaper Guild of Memphis.

″We don’t want to see any lost jobs, but this is going on all over the country - it’s not just here,″ Guild President Faye McCracken said. Reader’s Digest Posts 21.8 Percent Profit Rise

NEW YORK (AP) - Reader’s Digest Association Inc. said its first-quarter earnings climbed 21.8 percent from a year ago as its revenue rose 18.6 percent.

The publisher said it earned $50.2 million, or 42 cents a share, in the three months ended Sept. 30, compared with $41.2 million, or 35 cents a share, a year earlier. Revenue rose to $524.1 million from $442 million.

The company said revenue from Reader’s Digest magazine increased 9.5 percent to $156.7 million, while revenue from its other magazines, including American Health, rose 38.9 percent to $15.3 million.

It said revenue from books and its home entertainment products rose 23.5 percent to $339 million. Fontana Herald-News To Be Revived as Twice-Weekly

FONTANA, Calif. (AP) - The Herald-News was slated to publish its final edition Nov. 9 but has been saved as a twice-weekly concentrating heavily on local news.

″It will be all local news, 100 percent,″ said Gerald A. Bean, president and owner of Century Group, a company that owns six California weeklies.

Bean announced Nov. 1 that Century would convert the Herald-News to a Wednesday and Saturday publication with paid and free distribution totaling 25,000.

Jonathan F. Hays, assistant general manager of The Press-Enterprise Co. of Riverside, confirmed the tentative agreement.

The Press-Enterprise, which bought the Herald-News in 1989, had announced plans to close the paper after 67 years of publication because of declining circulation and continued financial losses. The newspaper, about 50 miles east of Los Angeles, was published Monday through Friday and had a paid circulation of about 2,100.

″It’s nice to keep a paper open if you can,″ Hays said. ″The offer seemed attractive to us.″

The purchase price was not disclosed.

The Redlands-based Century also publishes the La Canada Valley Sun, Community Adviser, Lemoore Advance, Coalinga Record, Twin City Times and Golden Eagle. Circulation Drops at Both Detroit Dailies

DETROIT (AP) - Circulation dropped at both of Detroit’s daily newspapers in the six months ending Sept. 30, preliminary figures from the Audit Bureau of Circulations show.

Average weekday circulation for The Detroit News fell to 500,980, about 25,000 fewer newspapers a day than the last report on March 31. It represents a loss of 190,000 daily copies from September 1989, before the News merged its non-editorial operations with the Detroit Free Press in a joint operating agreement.

Weekday circulation of the Free Press fell by about 3,500 in the last six months to 636,182, according to the circulation bureau figures. It was about 10,000 more copies a day than in the year-ago period.

In the last year, the News has dropped morning home delivery as part of the JOA agreement and eliminated most of its circulation outside metropolitan Detroit.

The combined Sunday News and Free Press circulation was 1.239 million at the end of September, down 31,000 from the March total of 1.270 million.

The Free Press is owned by Knight-Ridder Inc. and the News by Gannett Co. Inc. Tribune, Sun-Times Circulation Figures Released

CHICAGO (AP) - The Chicago Tribune’s average daily paid circulation remained virtually flat while that of the Chicago Sun-Times dropped 1.6 percent in the six-month period ending Sept. 30, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations.

For the period, the Tribune’s daily circulation increased by 912 copies, or 0.13 percent, from a year earlier, the report said Oct. 30. Sunday paper circulation dropped by 21,011, or 1.9 percent.

The Chicago Sun-Times’ daily circulation for the period was down 8,626, or 1.6 percent, from the same period a year ago. Sunday circulation dropped 15,057, or 2.7 percent.

The Sun-Times’ daily circulation for the period stood at 527,238, compared with the Tribune’s 721,067. Sunday circulation for the Tribune was just more than 1.1 million, compared with about 548,000 for the Sun-Times. Attorney General Says Press, Prosecutors Will Always Clash

DALLAS (AP) - Reporters scrambling for stories and prosecutors trying to prevent news leaks that could jeopardize a trial will inevitably clash, Attorney General Dick Thornburgh said.

Thornburgh said at a luncheon session of the 56th annual Associated Press Managing Editors convention on Oct. 31 that he supports the media’s right to operate without censorship. But he added that prosecutors must put an individual’s right to a fair trial before any other concern.

″As much as the defendant has the right to remain silent before the court, the prosecutor has the obligation to remain silent outside the court,″ said Thornburgh, who has headed the Justice Department since 1988.

Prosecutors who leak information on pending criminal cases to the media jeopardize not only a person’s right to a fair trial but also place the judicial system’s integrity at risk, Thornburgh said. Miami Beach Commissioner Spits on Reporter

MIAMI (AP) - Miami Beach commissioner and hotel owner Abe Hirschfeld spat on a newspaper reporter Oct. 26, saying later he did it in retaliation for coverage of him in The Miami Herald.

″In my opinion, the most powerful weapon a person can have is spitting,″ Hirschfeld, a wealthy former New York political gadfly, said at a news conference. ″You have to defend yourself. I did it in self-defense. I had no other choice.″

Hirschfeld twice spat on Miami Herald reporter Bonnie Weston as she interviewed people attending the public auction of Hirschfeld’s hotel.

He accused the newspaper of waging a campaign to damage him by reporting only negative things about him and refusing to print his letters.

His fellow members of the city board condemned the action.

″Commissioner Hirschfeld’s despicable conduct is revolting to all of us,″ Commissioner Bruce Singer said.

Ms. Weston said that the incident would not change her coverage of Hirschfeld and that the episode ″was very much in keeping with his character.″ Republicans Sue Newspaper That Refused To Run Ad

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. (AP) - Republicans filed a lawsuit Oct. 30 against Springfield Newspapers Inc. for refusing to carry an advertising supplement in The News-Leader.

The party’s Greene County committee seeks $3,838.92 in damages, the amount it had to pay to distribute the ″Party Talk″ tabloid itself.

The suit claims The News-Leader decided not to include the insert despite a verbal agreement to do so.

Publisher Nancy L. Green declined to discuss the lawsuit, but noted that advertising contracts used by her newspaper and others gave them the right to refuse ads.

Local Republican chairman Larry Dixon said members of the newspaper’s advertising department told him some of the material was ″objectionable to the publisher,″ but he said he was given no specifics. Lawyer Sues Pittsburgh Newspaper, Reporter

PITTSBURGH (AP) - An attorney sued the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and an investigative reporter for libel Nov. 1, claiming his practice was hurt by articles about a state supreme court justice.

The lawsuit, filed by James A. Ashton against the newspaper and reporter Bill Moushey, seeks $20,000 in damages.

It said an article published in July 1989 would have caused readers to believe that Ashton improperly helped Justice Rolf Larsen buy property for less than it was worth and that Larsen, in turn, asked another judge to give favorable treatment to one of Ashton’s clients.

The suit says Ashton acted properly and the Post-Gazette articles were false.

Post-Gazette Editor John Craig and Moushey declined to comment, saying they had not received a copy of the lawsuit. Actress Plans To Fight Tabloids

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) - Actress Kirstie Alley has her own way of fighting back against the supermarket tabloids that she says make up stories about her.

″I’m about to get a list of the people at Paramount who are feeding them stuff. I’ll make sure they won’t work there again,″ Alley told The Tennessean recently.

The star of the TV series ″Cheers″ and the new movie ″Sibling Rivalry″ has been featured in tabloid stories that mention tantrums on the ″Cheers″ set.

″No way will I dignify those people by suing them. I try to ignore everything, hoping people will realize what total lies they are telling,″ she said. ″If I were going to be an activist against this verbal porn, I would try to work on the supermarkets.″ Change of Roles at Random House

NEW YORK (AP) - In taking a top post at Random House, Harold Evans becomes publisher of the memoirs of Rupert Murdoch, the media baron Evans clashed with before quitting as editor of The Times of London in the early 1980s.

But Evans indicated Oct. 31, following his appointment a day earlier to one of the most prestigious posts in American book publishing, that he harbors no ill will toward his old boss.

″Now that I’m your publisher, you can be sure that your book will be published under me at Random House with maximum panache,″ Evans said he wrote in a letter to Murdoch. ″And by the way, don’t pull any punches.″

Evans became editor at The Times in early 1981 after 14 years as editor of The Sunday Times of London. But he resigned in March 1982 after repeated disagreements with Murdoch over the political independence of the newspaper.

Random House obtained the rights to publish Murdoch’s memoirs only recently. Runways Magazine Folds After 8 Months

MIAMI (AP) - The final issue of Knight-Ridder Inc.’s Runways magazine was published Nov. 5, ending an eight-month experiment that failed because of a soft advertising market.

″We just weren’t making it,″ said Publisher Larry Birger, a former Miami Herald business section editor.

The magazine was envisioned as a weekly aimed at businesses and workers around major airports. Runways Southern California, the original product, focused on airports from San Diego to Santa Barbara.

With circulation of more than 33,000, the magazine drew readers but failed to attract advertising from the aerospace industry, which was cutting back because of military spending cuts. African Journalists Slam Press Curbs

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) - Journalists from 20 African countries agreed Oct. 29 to send protest notes to four African leaders and Iraq’s Saddam Hussein to complain about repression of the press.

They singled out Iraq, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda and Zaire for harsh criticism after hearing accounts of alleged murders, torture, detentions and routine harassment against journalists.

Saddam was included because some African reporters were detained with other foreigners by Iraqi forces after Iraq’s Aug. 2 invasion of Kuwait.

The three-day meeting, which ended Oct. 30, was designed to explore ways of strengthening unions in Africa, ending state controls over the media and helping to speed up democratization in white-ruled South Africa.

About 50 people attended. The meeting was organized by the International Federation of Journalists, the Union of African Journalists and the Zimbabwe Union of Journalists. Uruguay’s Oldest Newspaper ‘on Verge of Collapse’

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (AP) - Uruguay’s oldest newspaper, El Dia, published an edition of only eight pages Oct. 29 and told readers it is on the verge of collapse.

The 104-year-old paper began to slide economically a decade ago when the military government then in power ruled it must pay the same taxes as other businesses.

Recently, El Dia has suffered labor problems. In September, it was shut down four days by a strike.

Many Uruguayan papers are suffering as a result of the nation’s economic problems, but El Dia, firmly tied to the centrist Colorado Party, seems to be hit the hardest. BROADCAST NEWS Networks Plan Night of Election Coverage

NEW YORK (AP) - The Big Three television networks plan Election Night coverage in varying degrees of depth and intensity, but the Cable News Network is devoting most of the night to the off-year elections.

ABC and NBC plan their principal coverage in hour-long news specials at 10 p.m. EST, followed by local news at 11 p.m.; CBS has scheduled a two-hour show, from 9 to 11 p.m.; and all three plan 11:30 p.m. wrapup reports.

CNN’s main coverage runs from 7 p.m. EST to 1 a.m., when its 90-minute wrapup show begins. Its final wrapup is at 3 a.m. ″This is the most extensive coverage we’ve had in an off year,″ said spokeswoman Melinda McIntire.

As they did in the last off-year elections in 1986, NBC and ABC are leading into full-time coverage with prime time shows; CBS, the only network that filled all of prime time with its coverage in ’86, has cut back an hour.

This is the first year that all four networks have pooled resources for exit polling and winner projections, in a $12 million joint venture called Voter Research and Surveys, or VRS.

VRS will give each network polls and projections for all Senate, House and governor’s races, and state and local races of national interest. Kinard Resigns as KSL-TV News Director

SALT LAKE CITY (AP) - J. Spencer Kinard, news director at KSL-TV and the voice of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir’s weekly broadcasts, resigned from the station after his friendship with an anchorwoman created friction in the newsroom, a spokesman said Nov. 1.

A choir spokesman said no decision had been reached by Mormon Church leaders on whether Kinard would continue as announcer for the choir’s ″Music and the Spoken Word″ program, a post he has held for 18 years.

Kinard offered his resignation as vice president for news and public affairs in a letter Oct. 31 to Bill Murdoch, KSL vice president.

″I am convinced that the events over the past few weeks have made it impossible for me to be effective in that position,″ Kinard wrote.

Kinard’s resignation after 18 years as news director came two weeks after a staff meeting in which Kinard, 50, sought to quell controversy surrounding his friendship with noon anchorwoman Jennifer Howe, 24.

Some staffers later threatened to resign if he remained. The next day Kinard was given ″medical leave″ from KSL and from his role as the voice of the choir’s weekly CBS Radio Network broadcast. First Radio Station Celebrates 70th Birthday

PITTSBURGH (AP) - KDKA, the nation’s oldest radio station, celebrated its 70th birthday Nov. 2 by broadcasting tapes of interviews with Herbert Hoover, Will Rogers and other newsmakers.

The station aired the country’s first commercially licensed broadcast on Nov. 2, 1920, with a report on returns in Warren G. Harding’s defeat of James M. Cox in the presidential election.

The Pittsburgh Antique Radio Society has built a replica of the shack where the first broadcast was made, in the lobby of the Pittsburgh headquarters of Westinghouse, KDKA’s parent company. PERSONNEL New Haven Register Names New CEO

NEW HAVEN, Conn. (AP) - William J. Rush, publisher and editor in chief of The Morning Journal in Lorain, Ohio, was named chief executive of the New Haven Register on Oct. 31.

Rush replaces Thomas P. Geyer, who was dismissed Oct. 15 in a disagreement with the Register’s new owners over the need for more layoffs.

Rush led The Morning Journal’s move from afternoon to morning publication and coordinated a $6.5 million building expansion and press installation.

The Morning Journal and the New Haven Register are both owned by Princeton, N.J.-based Journal Register Co., which is a holding company of the New York investment firm E.M. Warburg, Pincus & Co. The investment firm acquired publisher Ralph Ingersoll II’s American newspapers in July.

The Register laid off 19 employees at the beginning of October and 30 more a day after Geyer’s departure. Twenty of the positions were in the news department.

Rush spent 11 years in editorial and advertising management positions in New England and Ohio before joining Horvitz Newspapers in 1969 as assistant to Harry R. Horvitz, the chief executive officer.

He subsequently served as chief executive at The News-Herald in Lake County, Ohio, the News Journal in Mansfield, Ohio, The Record in Troy, N.Y., and The Tribune Chronicle in Warren, Ohio. Barnes Named Publisher in Battle Creek, Mich.

BATTLE CREEK, Mich. (AP) - Gannett Co. Inc. named James T. Barnes publisher of the Battle Creek Enquirer on Nov. 1.

Robert B. Miller Jr., who had served as publisher since 1979, became chairman of the newspaper, a new position.

Barnes had been executive vice president of operations. He previously served as managing editor at the Port Huron (Mich.) Times Herald and Monroe (La.) News-Star and as president and publisher of the Wausau (Wis.) Herald and Marin (Calif.) Independent Journal.

Miller, the third generation of the Miller family to serve as publisher in Battle Creek, previously worked as president and publisher of the Idaho Statesman in Boise and The Daily Olympian in Washington. DEATHS Bill Daniel

NAPA, Calif. (AP) - Bill G. Daniel, a vice president emeritus of Scripps League Newspapers Inc. and former publisher of The Napa Register, died Oct. 30. He was 62.

He was named publisher of the Register in August 1975. In 1983, Daniel was appointed vice president of regional operations for Scripps and became vice president emeritus in 1988.

Survivors include his mother, wife, three daughters and a son. Bill Gagnon

DENVER (AP) - Bill Gagnon, a crime reporter who was instrumental in uncovering a burglary ring operated by Denver police in 1960, died Oct. 31. He was 67.

He had worked for The Wichita (Kan.) Eagle-Beacon, the Rocky Mountain News and The Pueblo (Colo.) Chieftain.

He also worked for KTLN and KIMN radio and KCNC television, all in Denver.

Survivors include his wife, mother and two daughters. Duncan Hooper

MELBOURNE, Australia (AP) - Duncan Hooper, former general manager of Australian Associated Press, died Nov. 1. He was 78.

Hooper was editor of the news service from 1949 to 1956 and was later managing editor. He was general manager of the agency from 1971 to 1977 before retiring.

He also had worked as a correspondent in Moscow and Bombay, India.

Survivors include his wife, son and daughter. Gil Lamb

MULESHOE, Texas (AP) - West Texas broadcaster Gil Lamb, whose news program ″Muletrain News″ aired on radio and television more than 36 years, died Nov. 2 of complications from emphysema. He was 83.

Lamb’s radio career began at KICA-AM in Clovis, N.M., in 1954. He worked from his home in Muleshoe, where he transmitted news reports and began ″Muletrain News.″

Lamb started KMUL-AM on July 26, 1956, and served as its general manager until retiring in 1980. He then operated a cable television station from his home.

Survivors include his daughter. Peggy Savage-Rich

MIAMI (AP) - Peggy Savage-Rich, a food and wine critic who pioneered writing about fine cuisine and dining in southern Florida, died Oct. 30 of cancer. She was 64.

Ms. Savage-Rich wrote a weekly wine column for the Fort Lauderdale Sun- Sentinel. She had also worked at The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Miami Herald, Life and Gourmet magazines and Crain Publications.

Survivors include her hushand. John Soloway

MANTOLOKING, N.J. (AP) - John Soloway, a reporter who covered New Jersey politics and business for five decades, died at his home Oct. 29 after being in poor health for a year. He was 77.

Born in the Ukraine, Soloway started reporting on sports for the Irvington Herald while attending high school in Newark. At 21, he became sports editor of the Daily Courier in East Orange.

In 1938 Soloway became a reporter for the Star-Eagle, which eventually became part of The Star-Ledger. He began writing a column, ″New Jersey Business,″ in the late 1950s and continued until last year when he suffered a stroke.

Survivors include his wife, a son and daughter, two brothers and three grandchildren. Harold Turkington

MANCHESTER, Conn. (AP) - Harold E. Turkington, former managing editor of the Manchester Herald, died Oct. 29 after an apparent heart attack. He was 67.

Turkington was executive managing editor at the Herald when it was known as the Manchester Evening Herald.

He began his career at the newspaper in 1949 as a sports reporter, and later became assistant sports editor, city editor and assistant managing editor.

Survivors include his wife, two brothers and three sisters. Charles Zuegner

OMAHA, Neb. (AP) - Charles W. Zuegner, an associate professor of journalism at Creighton University who once worked for The Associated Press, died Oct. 30 of a heart attack. He was 63.

Zuegner worked for the Elgin (Ill.) Courier News from 1957 until he began teaching editing and public relations at Creighton in 1959.

He worked part-time for the AP as a reporter and editor for 15 years. AWARDS APME Presents Public Service, FOI Awards

DALLAS (AP) - The Associated Press Managing Editors association presented its 1990 Public Service Awards to the San Jose (Calif.) Mercury News and the Washington (N.C.) Daily News.

The San Jose Mercury News was selected in the 50,000-and-over circulation category for its coverage, including public service information, following the Oct. 17 earthquake that devastated parts of Northern California.

The Washington Daily News led those in the under-50,000 circulation class for uncovering the fact that city officials for eight years had known cancer- causing chemicals were in the local tap water. The disclosure resulted in a two-month water ban, an improved treatment system, and state and federal reviews of water regulations.

Paul Janensch, editor and general manager of The Journal-News in Rockland County, N.Y., and chairman of the judging panel, presented the plaques on Nov. 2, the final day of the APME convention.

The other judges, all former presidents of APME, were Larry Allison, senior vice president and editor of the Long Beach (Calif.) Press-Telegram; James F. Daubel, editor and publisher of The News-Messenger of Fremont, Ohio; Robert H. Giles, editor and publisher of The Detroit News; Robert J. Haiman, president of the Poynter Institute for Media Studies, St. Petersburg, Fla.; Ted M. Natt, editor and publisher of The Daily News of Longview, Wash.; and Robert E. Rhodes, Atwood Professor of Journalism at the University of Alaska at Anchorage.

The other finalists in the 50,000-and-over circulation category were Albuquerque (N.M.) Journal; Chicago Tribune; The Des Moines (Iowa) Register; The Detroit News; Lexington (Ky.) Herald-Leader; The Courier-Journal of Louisville, Ky.; The Philadelphia Inquirer; Seattle Post-Intelligencer; and The Blade of Toledo, Ohio.

The under 50,000-circulation finalists were The Albuquerque (N.M.) Tribune; The Bismarck (N.D.) Tribune; Star-Tribune of Casper, Wyo.; Columbia (Mo.) Missourian; Livingston (Mont.) Enterprise; The Sun News of Myrtle Beach, S.C.; West County Times of Richmond, Calif.; The Salina (Kan.) Journal; and Valley News Dispatch of Tarentum, Pa.

The Sun-Sentinel of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., was the winner of the top award in the Freedom of Information competition.

It was selected for a series of articles on Florida’s failure to impose adequate controls on care centers, leading to client deaths and injuries among such diverse groups as infants, retarded adults and teen-age criminals.

Three citations also were awarded for extraordinary effort toward a better- informed citizenry. They were presented to:

-The Detroit News for an investigation tracing payments from a secret Detroit police fund, through which more than $1 million in taxpayer money was laundered.

-The Daily Reflector of Greenville, N.C., for revelations concerning the background of a candidate for Superior Court judge, resulting in legislation opening the records of the North Carolina Judicial Standards Commission.

-The Hartford (Conn.) Courant for an examination of the government’s military recruiting system, which suggested that it promotes corruption, undermines quality of the armed forces, and costs taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars annually. KC Star’s Burg Wins Meritorious Service Award

DALLAS (AP) - George R. Burg, assistant to the publisher and associate editor of The Kansas City Star, was honored as the second recipient of the Meritorious Service Award of the Associated Press Managing Editors association.

Burg, 74, has been an APME member for 23 years, serving two terms as a director and also as treasurer. He served as chairman of a variety of committees that study industry issues.

In recent years, he assembled The Red Book, an annual account of the organization’s conventions and studies.

Mike Waller, editor of The Hartford (Conn.) Courant, presented a plaque to Burg at the APME annual meeting in Dallas on Oct. 31, describing him as ″the nicest, kindest human being in the world.″

The Meritorious Service Award was first presented last year. It went to Hu Blonk, editor of the Wenatchee (Wash.) World in 1954-74 and a longtime crusader for open government. APME Presents Top AP Staff Awards

DALLAS (AP) - News and photo coverage of the dramatic changes in Eastern Europe earned recognition for two of the seven Associated Press staff members honored with Top Performance awards Oct. 30 by the Associated Press Managing Editors association.

Special Correspondent Mort Rosenblum was honored for his coverage of the Romanian revolution of December 1989. Photographer Diether Endlicher of Munich, Germany, was cited for two photographs of East Germans who fled to the West German Embassy in Prague, Czechoslovakia.

The Top Performance awards recognize outstanding work over the past year in three reporting categories - writing on deadline, feature writing and enterprise writing - and in spot news photography and feature photography.

Other winners were:

-Special Correspondent Tad Bartimus of Denver, chosen for ″Goodbye Daddy″ a recounting of the final days of her terminally ill father’s life. Bartimus is the AP’s Mountain States regional reporter.

-National Writer Fred Bayles of Boston, Sharon Cohen of Chicago and Scott McCartney of Dallas, for their four-part series ″Cashing in on the Drought,″ which tracked the allocation of $3.9 billion, the largest disaster relief measure in U.S. history. Cohen is the news service’s regional reporter for the Midwest, and McCartney is the regional reporter for the Southwest.

-Jim Mone of Minneapolis, for a post-surgery photo of former President Reagan doffing a cap to expose a half-shaved head, while Nancy Reagan tried to cover him up.

The winners were awarded $1,500 and a plaque at the APME convention.

The organization also named Connie Cass, the AP’s correspondent in Evansville, Ind., as winner of the 10th annual John L. Dougherty award for excellence by a young AP writer.

The award is named for a former APME leader and managing editor of the Rochester, N.Y., newspapers who had an abiding interest in good writing and helped young writers improve their skills. He died in 1980. Cass received a $1,000 cash award and a plaque.

Additional awards for excellence in the Top Performance reporting competition went to:

-Linda Deutsch of Los Angeles for her coverage of the trial of former Exxon Valdez captain Joseph Hazelwood and its aftermath.

-Stefan Fatsis, AP business writer, for breaking the story of junk bond financier Michael Milken’s plea bargain.

-National Writer Robert Dvorchak, Mitchell Landsberg and Gary Langer, all of New York, for ″The Persuaders,″ a 50-state look at lobbying in state capitals.

Awards for excellence in photography were given to:

-J. Scott Applewhite of Washington for photos of survivors of the earthquake in Iran.

-John Hopper of Mexico City for a photograph of a Salvadoran soldier holding his rifle to the head of a suspected guerrilla.

-Munich’s Endlicher for a photo of Romanian peasants standing in line for voting forms.

-Susan Ragan of New York for a picture package of Soviet immigrants in New York City’s Brighton Beach neighborhood.

-Bob Galbraith of Los Angeles for a photo of President Bush gesturing in front of an anti-drug mural. APME Cites AP Member Cooperation

DALLAS (AP) - The Associated Press Managing Editors association awarded 296 citations to newspapers and broadcast stations on Oct. 30 for outstanding contributions to the AP report.

The awards, which were announced at the annual APME convention, are in three categories - news, newsphoto and news-newsphoto.

Newspapers and broadcast stations cited in each category were: News Citations:

Aberdeen, S.D., American News

Abilene, Kan., Reflector-Chronicle

Agana, Guam, Guam Cable TV

Agana, Guam, Pacific Daily News

Akron, Ohio, Beacon Journal

Albert Lea, Minn., Tribune

Alliance, Neb., KCOW Radio

Alliance, Neb., Times-Herald

Altoona, Pa., Mirror

Ashland, Wis., Daily Press

Aspen, Colo., Times Daily

Atlanta Journal-Constitution

Bartlesville, Okla., Examiner-Enterprise

Beatrice, Neb., KWBE

Beaufort, S.C., Gazette

Beaver, Pa., County Times

Beckley, W.Va., Register-Herald

Belleville, Ill., News-Democrat

Bemidji, Minn., Pioneer

Bennington, Vt., Banner

Bethlehem, Pa., Globe-Times

Birmingham, Ala., News

Bismarck, N.D., KCND, Prairie Public Radio

Bloomsburg, Pa., Press-Enterprise

Bluefield, W.Va., Daily Telegraph

Bradenton, Fla., Herald

Brainerd, Minn., Daily Dispatch

Brattleboro, Vt., Reformer

Brownwood, Texas, Bulletin

Carbondale, Ill., WSIU-FM

Chambersburg, Pa., Public Opinion

Charlotte, N.C., Observer

Chicago WBBM-AM

Chillicothe, Ohio, Gazette

Chillicothe, Mo., Constitution-Tribune

Cincinnati Enquirer

Cincinnati Post

Claremore, Okla., Daily Progress

Clarksdale, Miss., Press Register

Cleveland, Miss., Bolivar Commercial

Columbia, S.C., State

Columbus, Ind., Republic

Columbus, Miss., Commercial Dispatch

Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch

Culpeper, Va., Star-Exponent

Dallas KLIF-KPLX

Dallas Times Herald

Danville, Ill., WDAN-AM

Danville, Va., Register & Bee

Decatur, Ill., Herald & Review

Duncan, Okla., Banner

Elyria, Ohio, Chronicle-Telegram

Evansville, Ind., Press

Fargo, N.D., KFGO Radio

Fargo, N.D., WDAY Radio

Faribault, Minn., Daily News

Fort Lauderdale, Fla., Sun-Sentinel

Franklin, Ind., Daily Journal

Fremont, Neb., Tribune

Grand Island, Neb., KRGI Radio

Grand Rapids, Mich., Press

Great Bend, Kan., KZXL-FM

Greenville, Miss., Delta Democrat-Times

Greenville, S.C., Piedmont

Greenwood, Miss., Commonwealth

Harrisburg, Pa., Evening News

Harrisburg, Pa., Patriot

Highland Falls, N.Y., WRWD-FM

Honolulu Radio Station KSSK

Houston KIKK

Huntington, W.Va., Herald-Dispatch

Hutchinson, Minn., KDUZ Radio

International Falls, Minn., KGHS-KSDM Radio

Jackson, Miss., WJDX-AM

Johnstown, Pa., WJAC-TV

Junction City, Kan., KJCK-AM-FM

Kalispell, Mont., KOFI AM-FM

Kingston, N.Y., WGHQ-WBPM

Kokomo, Ind., Tribune

Lexington, Neb., KVRN Radio

Lincoln, Neb., KLIN Radio

Livingston, Mont., Enterprise

Longview, Texas, News-Journal

Lorain, Ohio, Journal

Los Angeles Times

Manassas, Va., Journal Messenger Mankato, Minn., Free Press

Marquette, Mich., WLUC-TV

Martinsburg, W.Va., Morning Journal-Sunday Journal

Meridian, Miss., Star

Midland, Texas, Reporter-Telegram

Minneapolis WCCO-AM

Mitchell, S.D., Daily Republic

Morgantown, W.Va., Dominion Post

Moscow, Idaho, Idahonian

Newport News, Va., Daily Press and Times-Herald

Norfolk, Neb., Daily News

Norfolk, Neb., KNEN Radio

Norfolk, Neb., WJAG Radio

Norman, Okla., Transcript

Ocala, Fla., Star-Banner

Oklahoma City Journal Record

Oklahoma City KTOK Radio

Omaha, Neb., KKAR Radio

Omaha, Neb., WOW Radio

Palatka, Fla., Daily News

Pascagoula, Miss., Mississippi Press

Pecos, Texas, Enterprise

Pensacola, Fla., News-Journal

Peru, Ind., Daily Tribune

Phoenix Arizona Republic

Plattsburgh, N.Y., Press-Republican

Plattsburgh, N.Y., WIRY-AM

Ponca City, Okla., News

Provo, Utah, Daily Herald

Pulaski, Va., Southwest Times

Rapid City, S.D., Journal

Riverton, Wyo., Ranger

Rochester, Minn., Post-Bulletin

Rochester, N.Y., Times-Union

Sarasota, Fla., Herald-Tribune

Scranton, Pa., Times

Scranton, Pa., WYOU-TV

Shreveport, La., KWKH Radio

Shreveport, La., Times

Sioux Falls, S.D., KSOO Radio

Sioux Falls, S.D., KXRB Radio

St. Albans, Vt., Messenger

Strasburg, Va., Northern Virginia Daily

Stuart, Fla., News

Syracuse, N.Y., Post-Standard

Syracuse, N.Y., WSTM-TV

Tallahassee, Fla., Democrat

Taylor, Texas, Daily Press

Tucson, Ariz., Arizona Daily Star

Tyler, Texas, Morning Telegraph

Victoria, Texas, KAVU-TV

Watertown, Wis., Daily Times

West Palm Beach, Fla., Palm Beach Post

West Point, Neb., KWPN Radio

Wheeling, W.Va., Intelligencer-News Register

Williamson, W.Va., Daily News

Williamsport, Pa., Sun-Gazette

Willoughby, Ohio, News-Herald

Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., Daily Tribune

Yuma, Ariz., Daily Sun

APME also gave these citations: Newsphoto Citations:

Columbus, Ga., Ledger-Enquirer

Daytona Beach, Fla., News-Journal

Flagstaff, Ariz., Arizona Daily Sun

Fort Worth, Texas, Star-Telegram

Gary, Ind., Post-Tribune

Grand Island, Neb., Independent

Helena, Mont., Independent Record

Kingston, N.Y., Daily Freeman

Lowell, Mass., Sun

Massena, N.Y., Courier-Observer

Miami Herald

Middletown, N.Y., Times Herald-Record

Plattsburgh, N.Y., Press-Republican

Providence, R.I., Journal-Bulletin

Riverside, Calif., Press-Enterprise

San Antonio, Texas, Express-News

Santa Monica, Calif., Outlook

Sioux Falls, S.D., Argus Leader

Springfield, Mass., Union-News

Stroudsburg, Pa., Pocono Record

Vincennes, Ind., Sun-Commercial

York, Neb., News-Times News and Newsphoto Citations:

Abilene, Texas, Reporter-News

Ada, Okla., Evening News

Alexandria, La., Daily Town Talk

Allentown, Pa., Morning Call

Anderson, S.C., Independent-Mail

Appleton, Wis., Post-Crescent

Ardmore, Okla., Daily Ardmoreite

Asheville, N.C., Citizen-Times

Barre, Vt., Times Argus

Baton Rouge, La., Morning Advocate and State-Times

Bay City, Mich., Times

Beaver Dam, Wis., Daily Citizen

Billings, Mont., Gazette

Biloxi, Miss., Sun Herald

Bloomington-Normal, Ill., Pantagraph

Boise, Idaho, Statesman

Bozeman, Mont., Daily Chronicle

Bristol, Va., Herald Courier and Virginia-Tennessean

Burlington, Vt., Free Press

Butte, Mont., Standard

Charleston, S.C., News and Courier

Charleston, W.Va., Daily Mail

Charlottesville, Va., Daily Progress

Chicago Sun-Times

Chicago Tribune

Chippewa Falls, Wis., Herald Telegram

Cleveland Plain Dealer

Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, Press

Dayton, Ohio, Daily News

Detroit News

Douglas, Ariz., Daily Dispatch

Duluth, Minn., News-Tribune

Durant, Okla., Daily Democrat

Emporia, Kan., Gazette

Erie, Pa., Daily Times

Erie, Pa., Morning News

Evansville, Ind., Courier

Fargo, N.D., Forum

Flint, Mich., Journal

Fort Myers, Fla., News-Press

Fort Wayne, Ind., Journal-Gazette

Fort Wayne, Ind., News-Sentinel

Fredericksburg, Va., Free Lance-Star

Gainesville, Fla., Sun

Green Bay, Wis., Press-Gazette

Hattiesburg, Miss., American

Huntsville, Ala., Times

Hutchinson, Kan., News

Idaho Falls, Idaho, Post Register

Indianapolis News

Indianapolis Star

International Falls, Minn., Daily Journal

Jackson, Miss., Clarion-Ledger

Jacksonville, Fla., Florida Times-Union

Johnstown, Pa., Tribune-Democrat

Joliet, Ill., Herald-News

Junction City, Kan., Daily Union

Lafayette, Ind., Journal and Courier

Lakeland, Fla., Ledger

Lancaster, Pa., Sunday News

Lancaster, Pa., New Era

Lancaster, Pa., Intelligencer Journal

Lansing, Mich., State Journal

Lawton, Okla., Constitution

Levittown, Pa., Bucks County Courier Times

Lewiston, Idaho, Morning Tribune

Lynchburg, Va., News and Daily Advance

Madison, Wis., Capital Times

Madison, Wis., Wisconsin State Journal

Mansfield, Ohio, News Journal

McAllen, Texas, Monitor

Melbourne, Fla., Florida Today

Mesa, Ariz., Tribune Newspapers

Michigan City, Ind., News-Dispatch

Middletown, Ohio, Journal

Milwaukee Journal

Milwaukee Sentinel

Minot, N.D., Daily News

Missoula, Mont., Missoulian

Munster, Ind., Times

Muskegon, Mich., Chronicle

Muskogee, Okla., Phoenix & Times-Democrat

Myrtle Beach, S.C., Sun News

New Orleans Times-Picayune

Norfolk, Va., Ledger-Star

Norfolk, Va., Virginian-Pilot

North Platte, Neb., Telegraph

Ogden, Utah, Standard-Examiner

Oklahoma City Daily Oklahoman

Orlando, Fla., Sentinel

Palm Springs, Calif., Desert Sun

Peoria, Ill., Journal Star

Philadelphia Daily News

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Plattsburgh, N.Y., Press-Republican

Pocatello, Idaho, Idaho State Journal

Pueblo, Colo., Chieftain

Racine, Wis., Journal Times

Rhinelander, Wis., Daily News

Richmond, Va., News Leader

Richmond, Va., Times-Dispatch

Roanoke, Va., Times & World-News

Rochester, Minn., Post-Bulletin

Rock Hill, S.C., Herald

Rutland, Vt., Herald

Salt Lake City Deseret News

Salt Lake City Salt Lake Tribune

Savannah, Ga., Morning News-Evening Press

Shreveport, La., Journal

South Bend, Ind., Tribune

Spartanburg, S.C., Herald-Journal

St. George, Utah, Daily Spectrum

St. Johnsbury, Vt., Caledonian Record

St. Petersburg, Fla., Times

Stillwater, Okla., NewsPress

Sumter, S.C., Item

Texarkana, Texas, Gazette

Twin Falls, Idaho, Times-News

Tulsa, Okla., Tribune

Tulsa, Okla., World

Vicksburg, Miss., Evening Post

Waco, Texas, Tribune-Herald

Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Times Leader

Winchester, Va., Star

Willmar, Minn., West Central Tribune

Woodbridge, Va., Potomac News

Worcester, Mass., Telegram & Gazette

Worthington, Minn., Daily Globe NOTES FROM EVERYWHERE

Filmmaker Ken Burns, creator of PBS’s acclaimed documentary ″The Civil War,″ blasted American television for offering ″nearly the same thing everywhere ... on dozens of clonelike channels.″ Burns also told the National Press Club on Oct. 29 that ″a kind of cultural peerage″ has been conferred on a small group of TV commentators. ″Issues and ideas are merely pushed around the plate, never digested, by the same people,″ he said. ...

Press scrutiny of political candidates is beneficial, so long as the media practices ″fairness to the max,″ former San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros said. ″I suspect what we’re in for is a future where this kind of scrutiny becomes the order of the day,″ Cisneros told editors at the Associated Press Managing Editors association convention in Dallas. ″There will be no heroes, because there are no perfect people. We’re going to scare some people off.″ ...

Dan Martin, deposed news editor of Baptist Press, said the struggle between conservative and moderate elements in the Southern Baptist Convention didn’t end with his dismissal from the denomination’s news agency. ″We’re flying down the side of a cliff, hoping there’s water down there somewhere,″ Martin said in a Charlotte, N.C., talk. ″Churches across the nation are being ripped asunder by the conflict.″

End Industry News

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